Early American Cooley Patrilineages
I certainly have no desire to document all things Cooley, nor all lines.
But it has become apparent that a very wide net needs to be cast in an
effort to find the birth place, not to mention the parents, of John Cooley of Stokes county NC. The genealogical record has
not been forthcoming but the genetic record has
been. We now know, for example, that James Cooley of Jack county TX was
related to John in some way and we now know that the Jabez Cooley of Lincoln
co KY and Hamilton co OH was not. What else can we learn by finding and
Y-testing other Cooley descendants? Was James Cooley of Pittsylvania county
VA related to John Cooley of Halifax county NC? Were either of them related
to John Cooley of Stokes county? In fact, DNA test results have answered
those questions, but there are plenty of questions left. These trees and
the accompanying data represent my attempt to find "eligible" testers so
that we can get to the bottom of some of these long-standing mysteries.
Tested Cooley Lineages
I've provided the first twelve-marker test results at the head of each of
the following groups. Group CF01 is the Stokes County Cooleys. The yellow
boxes for the remaining groups indicate the markers that do not match with
CF01. For example, group CF02 has six yellow boxes (six mismatched markers)
and is said to be a genetic distance of six from the Stokes County Cooleys.
Any individual with more than zero to one mismatches to a group is
statistically unrelated. More information can be found at Family
(1730s-1811) of Stokes County, NC
Up to fourteen descendants of up to six of John's sons have had their Y-DNA
tested. All closely match. With these results, John's genetic
"fingerprint" has been established. To date, he appears to be unrelated to
any other American Cooley family, with the possible exception of William
GHenry and James Cooley, found below. However, it cannot yet be discounted
that they were grndsons.
Edmond Cooley (1773-1851) and Charlotte Speace
Edmond went to Spartanburg county, SC. It's believed he was born in North
Carolina 1773. The tested descendant is an exact 37/37 marker match to the
modal for CF01. He could be a previously undocumented son of
James Cooley (1808-c1872) of Jack Co, TX
Like William, below, James was born in Pennsylvania and moved to Ohio and an
early date. The DNA for the descendants of the two men are so close that
one needs to wonder whether they were brothers.
William H Cooley (1797-1877) and Sophia Susan
The DNA for this line is an exciting development. The tester very closely
matches the James Cooley (above), who closely matches the Stokes County, NC
clan. One account places William's family in NC. Both William and James
were young enough to have been grandsons of John's but we can't place any of
John's family in Pennsylvania at that early a date. Is this a collateral
William Whitfield (1751-c1835)
This family is an exact 37-marker match to the CF01 Cooleys.
Benjamin Cooley (1615-1684)
of Springfield, MA
Benjamin was born in Tring, Herfordshire,
Daniel Cooley (1699-1762) of Goshen, NY
Samuell Coley (1614-)
and Anne Prudden
Samuel immigrated from England and his descendants settled in Connecticut.
It's very likely like he was of the Tring Cooleys, but there are three
important SNP mutations that distinguish his line from Benjamin's.
Nehemiah Cooley (c1685-1759)
Like Benjamin, Nehemiah was born in Tring, but two generations later. And,
like Samuell, his descendant's DNA lack the two "Benjamin" SNP mutations.
He remained in England, and it's not known whether any of his descendants
Joseph Cooley (1681-)
A son of Jophep Cooley, Joseph Cooley was a contemporary of Nehemiah's but
born about 25 miles away in Brill, Buckinghamshire, England. Although it's
not known whether any American immigrants descended from him, his lineage
may help us establish the larger picture of the Tring Cooleys.
Abraham Cooley (c1740-1820) and Sarah
Thadeus Cooley (-1814) of Wythe County, Virginia
Abraham lived near John Cooley in Surry county NC for a few years in the
1780s. Because of the close proximity of one another, it has been suspected
for generations that they were related. DNA, however, has shown not only
that they were not related but that Abraham would have had the same DNA
"signature" as Ensign Benjamin Cooley of Massachusetts. And there's strong
genealogical evidence (not proof) that Thadeus might have been a brother of
Abraham. DNA testing has shown they match 36 of 37 markers, which supports
the claim. I've merged the two families in the file. If the claim turns out
not to be true, it cannot have been very far off.
Daniel Cooley (c1770-1845) of Marion County, Ohio
The first mention of Daniel is in an 1821 land patent in Morrow Co.,
Claiborne Cooley (c1828-1898)
This line hasn't yet tested but they lived in Jessamine County KY and could
be from Thadeus, above.
Jabez Cooley (1730-1808)
At least two descendants of Jabez's closely match the Ensign Benjamin Cooley
line. However, However, his descendants are negative for the SNP, A12022,
which defines the Benjamin Cooley descendants. Interestingly, the Jabez
descendant is a 37/37 maker match to the above Thadeus. The two groups also
appear to have roots in Orange County, NY, suggesting that they were indeed
Luke Cooley (1782-1850)
and Olive Knight
James M Cooley (1830-)
Reuben Ransom Cooley (1805-1870+)
Much of Reuben's history parallels John Cooley's family. However, the DNA
does not match up. He was born in Ohio. Researchers should look at the
Benjamin Cooley descendants who had moved to Ohio early on for possible
clues to Reuben's ancestry.
Richard Cooley (1756-1840) of Fayettte County, PA
Daniell's descendants are not a match to John Cooley of Stokes county NC but
they remain a part of my larger Pennsylvania research.
Francis Cooley (1767-1842) of Allegheny County, PA
Francis may have gone to Pennsylvania from New York. A descendant is a yDNA
match to Daniell Cooley of Maryland. The group may blossom into something
much larger than had been suspected. Francis is named in Hamil's book, but none of his
descendants, nor any other tested "Dutch Cooley" descendant, match the New
York Cool family, proving that Hamil's assertions were false.
Robert Cooley (1754-1794) of Luzerne
Descendants of Robert's match 32 of 32 (34 of 37) markers with the Francis
Cooley line. They match 31 of 37 with the Daniell Cooley line. There is a
good possibility, I believe, that Francis and Robert were brothers. They
were almost certainly closely related.
Peter Cooley of Fredericksburg
Indentured servant from London to Virginia in 1774.
John Cooley (1734-) of Franklin Co, NC
The tester is a descendant of [Walter?] Stephen Cooley (c1780-c1829),
said to have been a son of this John Cooley, who is said to have been
born in 1734, but I haven't seen any documentation. Were these
Johns—of Halifax County and of Franklin County—as closely
related as the DNA suggests or are the genealogies mixed up? A
collateral line for the Franklin County Cooleys needs to test to confirm
John C Cooley (c1725-1767) of Halifax Co,
John's origins are in dispute. Some say he was born in Virginia, others
in Ireland. Others believe that he was a descendant of Samuel Coley of
Massachusetts/Connecticut. DNA, however, likely disproves that.
John W Cooley and Elizabeth Hottel of Fredericksburg, VA
John was an illegitmate child of Catherine Burner. She married John
Abraham Cowley (-1753) of Henrico Co, VA
This line may have immigrated from England to Virginia during the mid
17th century. A DNA test is underway for a descendant of Abraham's
presumed grandson Jacob Cooley Sr (1735-1816) m Sarah Jordan.
Andrew Cooley (1786-1860+) and Catherine
Andrew was born in Chatham County, NC. The couple married in Orange county
NC in 1809 and moved to Grayson county VA, later to Kentucky. The results
of a descendant's yDNA test (FTDNA kit# 153302) indicate that Andrew was not
related to John Cooley of Stokes county NC. However, recent results match
him to the Cooley/Gargus line (see below).
Benjamin Cooley/Coley (1794-1841) of Stokes
Benjamin appears on the 1820 census of Stokes county as Benjamin Cooley. It
has long been assumed by some researchers that he was related to John
Cooley. The DNA, however, disproves that assertion. More testing and some
good genealogy will have to be done to see how these families are
Washington Coley (1815-c1880) and Margaret Trevillion
James Cooley (1758-1834) and Penelope Gargus
James was born in Charles City county VA in 1758. His family went to
Halifax county NC and later to Stewart and Humphreys counties TN.
John Coley (c1830-) of Tennessee
Little is known about this family except that a descendant has the same
Y chromosome as the others in the group.
Theodoric Hall Cooley (1831-1904)
William Coley (-c1848) of Montgomery and Stanly Counties, North Carolina
John Cooley (1749-1813) and Abigail Lippincott
William Cooley (-1817) and Elizabeth Firmin
This is who Elizabeth Firmin really married. They emigrated to Pennsylvania
from Maryland c1803, appearing in Fayette county on the 1810 census. A descendant has tested
as R1b1b and is a 37-marker match of John A Cooley, previously thought to
have been a son of the fictitious Johannes Cooley. All records contradict,
and none support, the Hamil claim of a New York Dutch descent. No
collateral line has been found or suggested.
James Cooley of Pittsylvania Co,
Old Pittsylvania county VA sat just north of old Surry county NC, an
early home of John Cooley's, but James and John were not of the same
Daniel Cooley (1765-1826) of Adair County, Kentucky
John Cooley (1797-1880+) and Annis Hardin
John was born in Adair County KY, which in itself would associate him
with Daniel Cooley, who was a generation older, of the same county. But
we now know that descendants of John and Daniel have the same Y
chromosome. Daniel already has a son John attributed to him. At best,
John would have been a nephew.
John Garrett Cooley, kit #344328
Daniel Cooley (-c1864) and Betsy
Daniel went from Virginia to Kentucky at an early date.
Henry Cowley (c1763-1813) and Mary Shannon
This family is said to have had origins in York County, PA.
James Cooley (1760-1840+) of Madison Co
James was born in VA in 1760. He served in the Revolution in SC and NC
and went to Madison county KY early on, marrying Patience Baker
Thomas R Cooley
(c1825-) of Roane County, TN
John Cooley (1731-1801) of Portsmouth, Ohio
John was born in England, served during the Revolution from Virginia,
and died in Ohio.
Cowleys of Derbyshire, UK
A descendant of John Hackett (1746-1808) of Derbyshire is nearly an
exact match to the Stokes County Cooleys. Was Derbyshire John Cooley's
birthplace? Was he a Cowley? DNA might answer those questions.
Duffield Cowleys of Derbyshire
View output of all lineages appended to
View an index of all names.
All original portions ©
Michael Cooley, OrbitInternet.net -