My Ahnentafel
Definition | 14-gen | GEDCOM

1.1. Michael Hugh COOLEY 1.2. Lonnie Rae COOLEY
2ND GENERATION
2. Allison Claude COOLEY 3. Billie Dell HOGUE
3RD GENERATION
4. McCabe COOLEY 5. Marie Henrietta HENNEQUIN 6. Hugh Wallace HOGUE 7. Birdie Nina MCDOWELL
4TH GENERATION
8. Joseph William COOLEY 9. Araminta D JOHNSON 10. Louis Francois HENNEQUIN 11. Marguerite STEWARD 12. Robert Irwin HOGUE 13. Nancy Joanna FOSTER 14. William Ellis MCDOWELL 15. Euphemia Ruth ASHENHURST
5TH GENERATION
16. Greenbury COOLEY 17. Amelia Mohler PETTIT 18. Wesley Phillip JOHNSON 19. Susan Isabel FISK 20. Louis HENNEQUIN 21. Maria Theresa DRAVIGNEY 22. John Joseph STORDEUR 23. Stephany LAURENT 24. John HOGUE 25. Ann R SIMPSON 26. John A FOSTER 27. Martha Jane STRUTHERS 28. William Erwin MCDOWELL 29. Maria HART 30. Oliver Taylor ASHENHURST 31. Sara Eva SOUTHERN
6TH GENERATION
32. David COOLEY 33. Laurinda AIKEN 34. Joseph PETTET 35. Elizabeth MOHLER 36. Elijah JOHNSON 37. Anna Jane FOSTER 38. Edward Curtis FISK 39. Araminta D WOOD 40. Xavier HANNEQUIN 41. Marie Magdeleine BELOT 42. Pierre Joseph DRAVIGNEY 43. Marie Therese GILBERT 44. Joseph STORDEUR 45. Marie Therese HUENS 46. Jean Baptiste LAURENT 47. Jeaninne VANDERMEULEN 48. James HOGUE 49. Margaret IRWIN 50. Isaac SIMPSON 51. Elizabeth RICHARDSON 52. Samuel FOSTER 53. Nancy ____ 54. James STRUTHERS 55. Elizabeth SAVILLE 56. John MCDOWELL 57. Anna CURRY 58. Joseph HART Sr 59. Susan PICKENS 60. Oliver ASHENHURST 61. Euphemia BISHOP 62. Charles William SOUTHERN 63. Ruth Ruema HOOVER
7TH GENERATION
64. John COOLEY 65. Sela WRIGHT 66. William AKINS 67. Rebecca MCCLINTICK 73. Ruth ____ ? 76. John R FISK 77. Mahala KEMP 78. John WOOD 79. Charity CORSON 80. Claude HENNEQUIN 81. Marie JUILLARD 82. Jean BELOT 83. Jeanne HUOT 85. Jeanne Claude DRAVIGNEY 86. Josph GILBERT 87. Agathe LANGARD 88. Mathieu STORDEUR 89. Marie SNAPS 90. John Joseph HUENS 102. Matthew RICHARDSON 103. Ann STOCKTON 104. James Couples FOSTER 105. Jane MORROW 108. William STRUTHERS 109. Janet LINDSAY 110. Robert SAVILLE 111. Deborah ____ 112. John MCDOWELL 113. Jane ERWIN 116. Edward HART 117. Nancy Ann STOUT 118. John PICKENS 120. William ASHENHURST 121. Nancy ASHENHURST 122. Peter BISHOP 123. Elizabeth MYERS 124. John SOUTHERN 125. Elizabeth DUNCAN 126. John HOOVER? 127. unknown
8TH GENERATION
128. Edward COOLEY 129. Martha RAPER 130. William WRIGHT 131. Martha MORGAN 132. William EAKIN 133. Mary WALLACE 134. John MCCLINTICK 135. Mary Jane MCDOWELL 152. Richard FISK 154. William KEMP 155. Sukey DAMANT 158. Eli CORSON 159. Christianna THOMPSON 204. Matthew Richardson Sr 206. Richard Witham STOCKTON 207. Mary Ann HATFIELD 210. Samuel ? MORROW ? 218. James LINDSAY 219. Margaret WATSON 220. Samuel SAVILLE 221. Ann BOOTH 224. John MCDOWELL 225. Esther HARRISON 226. William ERWIN 227. Mary ERWIN 228. Dr Robert CURRY 229. Ann CURRY 232. John HART Signer 233. Deborah SCUDDER 234. St Leger Codd STOUT 235. Susannah SIMPSON 244. Peter BISHOP 245. Margaret 246. Christopher MYERS 247. Euphemia LINGO? 248. William SOUTHERN 249. Magdelaine FORD 250. Charles DUNCAN 251. Margaret KIRK 252. Michael Hoover Sr 253. Mary Jones 252->255. unknown
9TH GENERATION
256. John COOLEY 257. poss Sarah MATTHEWS 258. Thomas RAPER 259. Martha HAM 260. Richard WRIGHT Sr 103 261. Ann 262. James MORGAN 263. Mary DAVIS 268. William MCCLINTICK 316. Jacob CORSON Jr 317. Charity STILLWELL 318. Benajah TOMSON 319. Prudence ELDREDGE 412. Samuel STOCKTON 413. Rachel STOUT 414. Joseph HATFIELD 415. Phoebe CLARK 442. Robert BOOTH 443. Ann GASTON 452. John ERWIN 453. Jane WILLIAMS 454. Francis ERWIN 455. Jane CURRY 456. William CURRY 457. Sarah YOUNG 458. John YOUNG 459. Elizabeth KINGDOM 464. Capt Edward HART 465. Martha FURMAN 466. Richard Betts SCUDDER Jr 468. James STOUT 469. Mary Ann CODD 496. John SOUTHERN ? 497. Margaret KIDD ? 500. Charles DUNCAN 502. John KIRK Sr 503. Margaret BROOKS 504. Sebastian HOOVER 505. Catherine MEULLER 514. James MATTHEWS Sr ? 520. Philbert WRIGHT 521. Esther BECRAFT 504->517. unknown
10TH GENERATION
518->823. unknown 632. Jacob CORSON Sr 633. Naomi 634. Nicholas STILLWELL 635. Sara HAND 824. Richard STOCKTON 825. Susannah WITHAM 826. Col Joseph STOUT 827. Ruth BRYMSON 828. Abraham HATFIELD 829. Phoebe OGDEN 830. John CLARK 904. Edward ERWIN 905. Frances FRANCIS 908. see 904 909. see 905 910. William CURRY 911. Sally YOUNG 914. John YOUNG 920. See 914 928. John HART 2nd 929. Mary HUNT 930. Josiah FURMAN 2nd 931. Sarah STRICKLAND 932. Richard Betts SCUDDER Sr 933. Hannah REEDER 936. see 826 937. see 827 938. Capt St Leger CODD 939. Mary HANSON 992. John SOUTHERN 993. Catherine BARRON 940->1035. unknown 1042. Peter BECRAFT
11TH GENERATION
1036->1263. unknown 1264. Jan CARSTENSEN 1265. Maria Elias DAAS 1268. John STILLWELL Jr 1270. George HAND 1648. Richard STOCKTON 1649. Abigail ____ 1650. Robert WITHAM 1651. Ann STRAINERIDGE 1652. Jonathan STOUT 1653. Anne BOLLEN 1654. Daniel BRYMSON 1655. Frances GREENLAND 1656. Matthias HATFIELD 1657. Mariken MELYN 1660. Richard CLARK 1856. John HART 1st 1857. Mary ____ 1858. Ralph HUNT 1859. Elizabeth JESSUP 1860. Josiah FURMAN 1st 1862. Edmund STRICKLAND 1863. Hannah ____ 1864. John SCUDDER Jr 1865. Joanna BETTS 1866. John REEDER 2nd 1867. Hannah BURROUGHS 1876. Col St Leger CODD 115 1877. Anna BENNETT 115 1878. Col Hans HANSON 1879. Martha Kelts WOODARD 1984. Capt John SOUTHERN 1986. Andrew BARRON 1988. Thomas KIDD 1989. Jane WILLIS 1990. Robert CHOWNING Jr 1991. Ann POOLE 1880->2071. unknown
12TH GENERATION
2072->2079. unknown 2528. Carsten JANSEN 2529. Barbara 2530. Elias DAAS 2536. John STILLWELL 2537. Elizabeth PERRIN 2540. Thomas HAND 2541. Katherine STUBBS 3304. Richard STOUT 3305. Penelope VAN PRINCIS 3306. Capt James BOLLEN 3307. Anne VAUQUELLIN 3308. William BRINSDON 3309. Margaret ____ 3310. Dr Henry GREENLAND 3311. Mary BAREFOOT 3312. Thomas HATFIELD 3313. Anna 3314. Cornelius MELYN 3316. John OGDEN 3317. Jane BOND 3320. Richard CLARK 3321. Elizabeth MOORE 3718. Edward JESSUP 3719. Elizabeth BRIDGES 3720. John FURMAN 3721. Susan BUSH 3728. John SCUDDER Sr 3729. Mary KING 3730. Capt Richard BETTS 3731. Joanna CHAMBERLAYNE 3732. John REEDER 1st 3733. Hannah THORPE 3734. Jeremiah BURROUGHS 3735. Hannah WAY 3752. Col William CODD 115 3753. Lady Mary ST LEGER 115 3754. Gov Richard BENNETT 3755. Mary Ann 113 106 3756. Andrew HANSON 3757. Annika ____ 3972. Robert BARRON 3980. Robert CHOWNING Sr 3981. Joanne HITCHCOCK 3982. Thomas POOLE 3758->4143. unknown
13TH GENERATION
4144->4159. unknown 5072. William STILLWELL 5073. Hannah 5074. Daniel PERRIN 5075. Elizabeth 5080. John HAND 5081. Elizabeth GRANSDEN 6592. John STOCKTON 6593. Eleanor CLAYTON 6608. John STOUT 6609. Elizabeth BEE 6614. Robert VAUQUELLIN 6615. Jeanette 6622. Capt Walter BAREFOOT 6632. Richard OGDEN 6633. Elizabeth HUNTINGTON 6640. Richard CLARK 6642. Thomas MOORE 6643. Martha YOUNGS 7456. Thomas SCUDDER 7457. Elizabeth LOWERS 7458. William KING 7459. Dorothy HAYNES 7460. John BETTES 7461. Mary BIGGS 7462. Rev Robert CHAMBERLAYNE 7463. Elizabeth STOUGHTON 7466. William THORPE 7467. Garthered BLITHE 7468. John BURROUGHS 7469. Johanna JESSUP 7470. James WAY 7504. William CODD 7505. Hester LAMPORD 7506. Sir Warham ST LEGER 115 7507. Dame Mary HAYWARD 115 7508. Thomas BENNETT 7509. Anstie Tomson SPICER 7512. John HANSON 7511->8287. unknown
14TH GENERATION
8288->8319. unknown 10144. Nicholas STILLWELL 10145. Ann 10148. Pierre PERRIN 10149. Andrienne JUBRIL 10160. John HAND 10161. Joan SIMMONS 10162. Henry GRANSDEN 13284. Thomas MOORE 13624. Edward OGDEN 13624. Margaret WILSON 14912. Henry SCUDDER 14913. ____ LOWERS 14914. John LOWERS 14920. Alexander BETTES 14921. Joan LARKYN 14926. Rev Thomas STOUGHTON 14927. Katherine 14936. Jeremiah BURROUGHS 14938. John JESSUP 14939. Joanna KERRICH 15012. Sir Anthony ST LEGER 115 15013. Mary SCOTT 115 15014. Sir Rowland HAYWARD 115 15015. Katherine SMYTHE 15016. Robert BENNETT 15017. Elizabeth EDNEY 15024. Col. John HANSON 15025. Frances PRICHARD 15026->16575. unknown
15TH GENERATION
16576->20289. unknown 20298. Jean JUBRIL 20299. Juvine LOMBARD 20326. William GRANSDEN 20327. Ann 26528. William OGDEN 26529. Abigail GOODSALL 26530. Richard WILSON 26531. Margaret 29792. William de STIRKELAUNDE 29840. Robert BETTS 29876. Francis JESSOP 29877. Frances WHITE 30024. Sir Warham ST LEGER 115 30025. Lady Ursula NEVILLE 107 115 30026. Sir Thomas SCOTT 115 30027. Elizabeth BAKER 115 30028. George HAYWARD 30029. Margaret WITHBROKE 30030. Sir Thomas SMYTHE 30031. Alice JUDDE 30032. John BENNETT 30033. Margery 30034. John EDNYE 30048. Thomas HANSON 30049. Janet G GLEDHILL 30050. John PRICHARD 30051->33151. unknown
16TH GENERATION
33152->33279. unknown 53056. Richard OGDEN 53057. Mabel de HOOGAN 53058. Henry GOODSALL 59584. William de STIRKELAUNDE 59752. Richard JESSOP 59753. Ann SWIFT 59754. Alexander WHITE 59755. Eleanor SMITH 60048. Sir Anthony St LEGER 111 60049. Agnes WARHAM 112 60050. George NEVILLE 60051. Lady Mary STAFFORD 60052. Sir Reginald SCOTT 115 60053. Emiline KEMP 115 60054. Sir John BAKER 115 60055. Elizabeth DINLEY 115 60056. John HAYWARD 60060. John SMYTHE 60061. Joan BROUNCKER 60062. Andrew JUDDE 60057. Agnes GLOVER 60096. John HANSON 60097. Agnes SAVILE 60098. John GLEDHILL 60099->66303. unknown
17TH GENERATION
66304->66559. unknown 106112. Robert OGDEN 106113. Joan 106114. Johannes de HOOGAN 119504. William JESSOP 119505. Emotte CHARLESWORTH 119506. Robert SWIFT 119508. Thomas WHITE 119510. William SMITH 119511. Katherine PORTER 120096. Ralph St LEGER 120097. Anne HART 120098. Heughe WARHAM 112 120099. Mary Ann COLLES 120100. George NEVILLE 120101. Margaret FENNE 120102. Edward STAFFORD 120103. Eleanor PERCY 120104. Sir John SCOTT 115 120105. Anne (Amy) PYMPE 115 120106. Sir William KEMP 111 115 120107. Elynor BROWNE 111 115 120108. Richard BAKER 120109. Elizabeth DYNELEY 120110. Thomas DINLEY 115 120112. William HAYWARD 120113. Agnes BALLY 120122. Robert BROUNCKER 120192. John HANSON 120193. Catherine BROOKE 120194. John SAVILE Esq. 120195. Margery GLEDHILL 120196->132607. unknown
18TH GENERATION
132608->132608. unknown 239020. Thomas SMITH 239021. Margaret CLARKE 239022. Augustine PORTER 240192. Ralph ST LEGER 240193. Anne PROPHET 240194. Sir Edward HART 240196. Robert WARHAM 240197. Elizabeth ____ 240198. Geoffrey COLLES 240200->240207. Royal Lineage 107 240202. Hugh FENNE 240208. Sir William SCOTT 115 240209. Sybil LEWKNOR 115 240210. Reginald DE PYMPE 115 240211. Elizabeth PASHLEY 115 240212. Sir Thomas KEMP 111 115 240213. Emelyn CHICHE 111 115 240214. Robert BROWNE 111 240215. Mary MALLETT 115 240218. Thomas DYNELEY 240224. William HAYWARD 240225. Elizabeth BROCKTON 240226. William BALLY 240384. John HANSON 240385. Cicely RAVENSHAW 240386. John BROOKE 240390. John GLEDHILL 240391->265215. unknown
19TH GENERATION
265216->266241. unknown 480384. Ralph ST LEGER 480385. Margaret TYRREL 480404. Thomas FENNE 480400->480415. Royal Lineage 107 480416. Sir John SCOTT 480417. Agnes BEAUFITZ 480418. John LEWKNOR 115 480420. Sir William DE PYMPE 115 480421. Elizabeth WHETEHILL 480422. Sir John PASHELY 115 480423. Lowys GOWER 115 480424. Thomas KEMP 111 480425. Beathris LEUKENER 111 480426. Sir Valentine CHICHE 480427. Philippa CHICHELEY 480428. Sir Thomas BROWNE 111 115 480429. Alianor DE ARUNDEL 115 480430. William MALLETT 115 480448. William HAYWARD 480449. Jane WILCOCKES 480450. William BROCKTON 480768. John HANSON 480769. Cicely DE WINDEBANKE 480770. John RAVENSHAW 480826. Vincent CHICHELE 115 480827->530431. unknown
20TH GENERATION
516808. Hugh FENNE 530432->960767. unknown 960768. John ST LEGER 960769. Margery DONNETT 960824->960829. Royal Lineage 107 960830. Sir Walter D'EVEREAUX 107 960831. Elizabeth MERBURY 107 960832. William SCOTT 960833. Isabella HERBERT 960834. William DE BEAUFITZ 960842. Sir Richard WHETEHILL 960844. Sir John PASHLEY 115 960845. Elizabeth WYDVILLE 115 960846. Sir Thomas GOWER 115 960848. Sir John KEMP 111 960850. Sir Thomas LEUKENER 111 960851. ____ HOO 111 960854. Robert CHICHELEY 960858. Sir Thomas DE ARUNDEL 115 960859. Joan MOYNE 115 960896. John HAYWARD 960897. Margery WEVER 961536. John HANSON 961537. Alice WOODHOUSE 961538->1060863. unknown
21TH GENERATION
1060864->1921537. unknown 1921538. James DONNETT 1921648->1921661. Royal Lineage 107 1921662. John MERBURY 107 1921666. Vincent HERBERT 115 1921688. Sir Robert PASHELY 115 1921689. Philippa CERGEAUX 115 1921690. Sir Richard WYDVILLE 115 1921691. Elizabeth LYONS 1921696. Raulf KEMP 111 1921702. Sir Thomas HOO 111 1921716. John DE ARUNDEL 1921717. Elizabeth DESPENSER 115 107 1921792. James HAYWARD 1923072. Henry DE RASTRICK 1923074. Henry DE WOODHOUSE 1923075->2121727. unknown
22ND GENERATION
2121728->3843075. unknown 3843076->3843327. Royal Lineage 107 3843328->3843375. unknown 3813382. Sir Thomas TUNSTALL 3843376. Robert PASHLEY 115 3843377. Anne HOWARD 115 3843378. Sir Richard CERGEAUX 115 3843379. Philippa FITZALAN 115 3843382. Sir John LYONS 3843432. John FITZALAN 3843433. Isabella MORTIMER 3843436->3846143. unknown 3846144. John DE RASTRICK 3846148. Alexander DE WOODHOUSE 3846149. Beatrice TOOTHILL 3846150->4243455. unknown
23RD GENERATION
4243456->7686151. unknown 7686152->7686655. Royal Lineage 107 7637760. Sir William PARR 7637761. Elizabeth de ROS 7686754. John HOWARD 115 7686756. Richard CERGEAUX 115 7686757. Margaret SENESCHAL 115 7686758. John FITZALAN 7686759. Maude DE VERDON 7686760. Roger MORTIMER 7686761. Maud DE BRAOSE 7686864->7686866. Royal Lineage 107 7386867->8486910. unknown


 
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Ashenhurst Pedigrees

I've removed everyone born after 1930:

Ashenhurst of Ashenhurst
John Ashenhurst, 1739
William and Nancy Ashenhurst
Ralph Ashenhurst and Sarah Campbell
Scottish Ashenhurst Lineages
Thomas Ashenhurst of Macclesfield
Miscellaneous Ashenhursts
>INDEX TO LINEAGES<

ARTICLES: The Three Colonels Ashenhurst, Timeline, Early U.S. Census Records, The Ashenhurst DNA Project


The Three Colonels Ashenhurst

Growing up in California during the fifties and beyond, our great-grandmother, Euphemia Ashenhurst McDowell (1880-1977), told us about Ashenhurst Hall in England. (Actually, she believed it was a castle). For decades, I told anyone who would listen that I'm descended from a Colonel John Ashenhurst, a Cromwellian cavalry officer who felt obliged flee to Ireland after the restoration of the Crown. It turns out the story may not be totally accurate and is, certainly, much more complex. In fact, there were three Colonels Ashenhurst during the English Civil Wars, and it's often difficult to determine which actions are to be attributed to which man. I'll try to sort it out.

The Ashenhurst family is found in Staffordshire as early as the thirteenth century. Ralph Ashenhurst of Ashenhurst Hall, near Leek, married the heiress of Beard Hall in Derbyshire toward the end of the sixteenth century. They had four sons. The eldest, Randle and Edward, were elevated to colonels early in the first of the three civil wars. Edward, a Staffordshire Committee member, was apparently the first of the family to stand with the Parliamentarians. Another brother, Francis, for whom I can find little for this period, was the Mayor of Macclesfield in Cheshire from 1642 to 1643. The youngest brother, Edmund Ashenhurst of Old Park in Staffordshire, appears to have been largely neutral during the wars but leaned toward Royalist sympathies. Added to the mix is Randle's oldest son, John Ashenhurst, who was promoted to colonel in 1650 and given command of a cavalry troop. It is the latter who is sometimes referred to in old histories as infamous or notorious.

Not long after King Charles I raised his battle standard at Nottingham in 1642, Captain Randle Ashenhurst was serving in Derbyshire with the regiment of Sir John Gell who "as Colonel of his own regiment of foot and Governor of the town terrorised friend and foe alike by his undisguised and arbitrary misuse of power."1 Ashenhurst and his lieutenant, Thomas Hatfield, defected from Gell with forty horses and men. The next year, Sir Thomas Fairfax, the commander-in-chief of the Parliamentary forces, promoted Randle to colonel.2 The same year, Captain John Ashenhurst, Randle's son, was installed as governor of Caverswall Castle in Staffordshire.3 The fortunes of the Ashenhursts were on the rise. But in December, Colonel Randle was captured along with one of his sons in a skirmish against Colonel John Frescheville at Hassop Hall in Derbyshire.4

The young son present with Randle on that day hasn't been identified. Randle, styled "of Beard Hall" due to the inheritance from his father, married twice and had several sons, at least two of whom were too young to have yet served. His second son, William, was a witness in August of 1643 to the will of Sir Edward Fitton and served as surgeon to Fitton's regiment — that is, in the King's Army.5 Randle's companion wouldn't have been son Captain John Ashenhurst as he was active during the pair's nine months of captivity. Another son, Peter, is known to have served as a lieutenant in Ireland ten years later.6 Peter's birth date and age in 1643 are unknown, but he had been apprenticed to a draper in 1637.7 It's easy to guess that he was a young man six years later and remains the best candidate at present for the second imprisoned Ashenhurst.

Randle and son remained at Frescheville's garrisoned Stayley Hall until the following August when the Parliamentarians, under Sergeant Major-General Lawrence Crawford, commandeered Bolsover Castle and secured the surrounding area. In the meantime, the other Ashenhursts remained busy in Staffordshire. Randle's brother, Captain Edward Ashenhurst, was promoted to major in early 1644 and given the governorship of Paynsley Hall in Cresswell, Staffordshire.8 In February, Captain John Ashenhurst, Randle's son, began a month-long siege of Biddulph Hall.9 The heavily garrisoned building finally surrendered after the captain deployed "Roaring Meg," the largest cannon of its era, and felled a supporting beam.

That August, father and son were released from Frescheville's custody and Randle was given command of the newly relieved Bolsover Castle.10 Up until this time, historians can distinguish between the three Ashenhurst men by their respective ranks: Captain John, Major Edward, and Colonel Randle Ashenhurst. By November, however, Edward was promoted to colonel, introducing some confusion as to who was whom. But it was Captain John Ashenhurst (not a Colonel Ashenhurst, as is often stated) who gained a bloody victory at Wolverhampton in July 1645 with ten of the enemy killed and thirty-eight captured.11 One of the dead appears to have been Andrew Gifford whose home, Walton Grange, was seized by the captain's uncle, Colonel Edward Ashenhurst. In June of 1651, Giffard's widow, Katherine, pleaded for the return of her estate as she and her eight children were homeless. But in March 1652, Edward bought the estate's mortgage, dispossessing the widow, and was thereafter styled Ashenhurst of Walton Grange.12

Charles I, the second of the Stuart kings of England, was defeated in 1646. After some negotiation with Parliament, concessions were made and he was returned to the throne. He quickly reneged on promises made and was again captured, tried, and finally executed on 30 January 1649. Oliver Cromwell, the Parliamentarian leader, was now firmly in power and wasted no time in raising arms in Ireland. During that next year, 1650, as Charles's son was crowned in Scotland as Charles II, Randle Ashenhurst was commissioned Justice of the Peace in Derbyshire and his son John was promoted to colonel of the horse. Confident of victory, Charles's Scottish allies quickly invaded England but were routed at Dunbar and defeated at Worcester on 3 September 1651, after which the King secured temporary shelter at Boscobel House just west of the Staffordshire border. None other than Colonel John Ashenhurst and his troop of cavalry missed capturing Charles there by no more than a half hour.13 According to all accounts, the King had found cover inside a hollow of a nearby oak, now known to legend as the Royal Oak, and after forty days on the run, Charles gained passage to France. We can be certain of the accuracy of Ashenhurst element in the story because the King confided in 1680 to Samuel Pepys that a Roundhead passed the oak tree just beneath his hideout. And Ashenhurst's role is recounted, with varying degrees of accuracy, in a number of nineteenth century histories.14

The remainder of the decade passed peaceably for the Ashenhursts. John Ashenhurst had four children during Cromwell's rule: John, Thomas, Sarah, and Peter, all baptized in Staffordshire during the 1650s. In 1657 alone, Justice of the Peace Randle Ashenhurst conducted seventeen marriages in Derbyshire. Just the previous year, his son Revell was admitted to the Inner Temple, and his youngest son Francis entered Cambridge. In 1659, Randle's brother, Colonel Edward Ashenhurst, was appointed Commissioner of the Militia in the County of Stafford,15 and Lieutenant Peter Ashenhurst, possibly Randle's cellmate in 1644, was enumerated on the census of Ireland, marrying there to Mary Brooke in 1660.

Charles was restored to the throne in 1660, two years after the death of Oliver Cromwell, and the Ashenhursts began to disappear from the record. Randle died in Derbyshire in 1666,16 and in 1667 John sold the Ashenhurst estate in Staffordshire to his cousin Francis Hollinshead.17 Edmund Ashenhurst, the youngest of the four brothers, died in 1669, and Edward, the miser of Walton Grange, was dead by 1671.

But what of the American Ashenhurst's supposed ancestor, Colonel John Ashenhurst, the terror of Wolverhampton, the bomber of Biddolph Hall, and the would-be captor of the King? Did he and his family flee to Ireland after Charles regained the crown in 1660? In fact, Ireland might not have been the safest place for someone on the run from the King. Furthermore, it seems unlikely he was a fugitive as he was still in England at least until he sold Ashenhurst Hall in 1667. His children, however, appear to be no mystery: Peter is recorded to have died in infancy and, according to the History of Leek, the others had no issue. True? Or might it be that the whole lot simply disappeared to another land? Although there were undoubtedly other John Ashenhursts during Restoration England, it needs to be noted that a man of that name was transported, courtesy of the King, to Barbados in 1669.18 He is presumably the same man who left that island and stepped ashore on the American mainland in 1675.

Beard Hall, Derbyshire

One way or another, Ireland was well populated by Ashenhursts by the end of the eighteenth century. Lieutenant Peter Ashenhurst, Randle's son, remained and died there, but he seems to have had three daughters and no sons. Major Edward Ashenhurst, fourth in descent from Randle, and said to have been the last of the Ashenhursts, died in Ireland in 1770 after falling from his horse, leaving a single daughter. Yet, however it came to pass, an extended family of Ashenhursts crossed the Atlantic from county Tyrone to Virginia in 1793, only twenty-three years following the death of the major. The group consisted of brothers Oliver and William, their sister Nancy, and her husband, a first cousin according to family legend, named William Ashenhurst. During passage, Nancy gave birth to the couple's youngest child, Oliver Ashenhurst, my great-grandmother's grandfather.

In addition to later emigrations to Australia, Canada, and South Africa, some Irish Ashenhursts returned to England and others moved into Scotland. There is, then, a virtual diaspora of Ashenhursts throughout the English-speaking world, and possibly beyond. In an attempt to put the puzzle back together, I started, some years ago, the Ashenhurst Y-DNA project at FTDNA.com. To date, only four male Ashenhursts have tested and are found to be of the very large Y-DNA haplogroup, R1b-U106.19 Should more brave Ashenhurst men, wherever they presently reside, contribute a wad of their spittle to the effort, it will be possible to establish, at minimum, whether there's a single, distinct family of Ashenhursts.

Or might there be another tribe that can more rightfully claim the appellation, "Ashenhurst of Ashenhurst Hall?"

Rev. 11 July 2019.
Notes

1. Andrew Polkey, "Civil War Derbyshire: John Gell's 'True Relation' Reconsidered," Derbyshire Miscellany 14 (1997): 151. See also "Sir John Gell, c.1593-1671," BCWProject: British Civil Wars, Commonwealth & Protectorate 1638-1660. Web.

2. Andrew Polkey, "Civil War Derbyshire: John Gell's 'True Relation' Reconsidered," Derbyshire Miscellany 14 (1997): 170.

3. "Introduction." The Committee at Stafford, 1643-1645: The Order Book of the Staffordshire County Committee (Manchester University Press, 1957), liv.

4. "Stavely Hall and Its Occupants," The Reliquary 3, ed. Llewellynn Jewitt (London: John Russell Smith, 1862), 153.

5. William Atwood, "A true account of the unreasonableness of Mr. Fitton's pretences against the Earl of Macclesfield," Early English Books, https://quod.lib.umich.edu/e/eebo/A26185.0001.001/1:1.2?rgn=div2;view=fulltext.

6. "Militia for Ireland," Report of the Manuscripts of the Marquis of Ormonde, K.P., preserved at the Castle, Kilkenny, Vol 2, (London: Eyre and Spottiswoode, 1899), 247.

7. Records of London's Livery Companies Online: Apprentices and Freemen 1400-1900, Institute of Historical Research, Centre for Metropolitan History. Web. Peter, son of Randle of Beard Derbyshire, was bonded on 5 July 1637 for a period of eight years to Ralph Grafton, draper. We don't know his age but can assume he was a young man by the time of his father's capture.

8. "Surnames beginning 'A'", in The Cromwell Association Online Directory of Parliamentarian Army Officers, ed. Stephen K. Roberts, British History Online (2017).

9. Collections for a History of Staffordshire 12 (London: Harrison and Sons, 1909), 9.

10. Calendar of State Papers, Domestic Series, of the Reign of Charles I, 1644-1645, ed. William Douglas Hamilton, (London: Eyers and Spottiswoode, 1890), 279.

11. Booy, David, "Victory by Captaine Ashenhurst," The Notebook Wallington, 1618-1654: a selection (Aldershot, 2007), 215-234.

12. Collections for a History of Staffordshire, ed. The William Salt Archaeology Society, Vol. 5 (London: Harrison and Sons, 1909), 166.

13. The Boscobel Tracts Relating to the Escape of Charles the Second After the Battle of Worcester and His Subsequent Adventures, ed. by J. Hughes, Esq. A. M. (London: William Blackwood and Sons, 1847), 213-14.

14. Royal Oak is popular pub name in Britain. It's interesting to note that on "1688, Aug. 23. In London Gazette of this date appeared a notice that 'his majesty having granted to Randolph Ashenhurst, Esq.; Thomas Ashenhurst, gen.: and others, the sole exercise of the Royal Oak' (a gambling game dedicated to the honour of King Charles 2nd), 'of Raffling and all other Lotteries and games resembling lotteries' H.M. prohibited the use of these games by any one who had not obtained a license from ye patentees." Quoted from John Sleigh, A History of the Ancient Parish of Leek (London: Bemrose & Sons: 1883), 108. Colonel John Ashenhurst, who nearly captured the King at the "Royal Oak" had younger brothers of those names, Thomas born about 1624 and Randle in 1626. We know little about these men except that Thomas was living in London in the 1660s. Did the King have a sense of humor and knew the circumstances under which he granted this license?

15. Journals of the House of Commons, Volume 7, Great Britain House of Commons, (H. M. Stationery Office, 1813), 761.

16. "St Matthew's Church, Hayfield, Complete Burials from Bishops Transcripts," North West Derbyshire Sources, http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~dusk/hayfield_burials_1664-1810/hayfield_burials_1664-1810.html.

17. Faith Cleverdon, Landscape with Buildings: A North Staffordshire Study Based on the Medieval Parish of Leek (The University of Sheffield, 2002), 109.

18. Peter Wilson Coldham, English Convicts in Colonial America, Vol. 2 (New Orleans: Polyanthos, 1976), 170. Also note that there was a Jno Ashenhurst who arrived in Virginia in 1664, Nell Marion Nugent, Cavaliers and Pioneers: Abstract of Virginia Land Patents and Grants, 1623-1666 (Richmond Dietz Printing Co, 1934), 455.

19. https://www.familytreedna.com/public/ashenhurst/default.aspx?section=yresults


Timeline

  • c1589 Ralph Ashenhurst of Ashenhurst, Staffordshire, marries Elizabeth Beard, hieress of Beard Hall, Derbyshire.
  • 1631 Randle Ashenhurst is Justice of the High Peak Hundred of Derbyshire.
  • 1632 Randle's children named in will of brother-in-law Franics Bradshaw.
  • 1638 Randle mentioned in will of his cousin William Leversage of Wheelock.
  • 1642 First civil war begins. Charles I raises battle standard at Nottingham.
  • 1642 Capt Randle Ashenhurst and Lt Thomas Hadfield defect from Col John Gell with 40 men and horses (Derbyshire).
  • 1643 "Edward Ashenhurst, a Staffordshire Committee member."
  • 1643 Randle promoted to Col and authorized by Lord Fairfax to raise a regiment of foot.
  • 1643 (Aug) Randle's son, William, is witness to the will of Colonel Edward Fitton, for whom he served.
  • 1643 (by Dec) Capt. John Ashenhurst made Governor of Caverswall Castle, Staffordshire.
  • 1643 (Dec) Col Randle Ashenhurst and a son captured by Colonel John Frescheville at Hassop Hall, Derbeyshire.
  • 1644 (Feb 26) Capt John Ashenhurst besieges Biddulph Hall.
  • 1644 Captain Edward Ashenhurst made Major by March and is governor of Paynsley, Colonel by Dec.
  • 1644 (August) Balsover Castle, Wingfield Manor, and Staveley House, where the Asehnhursts were imprisoned, are taken by Major-General Lawrence Crawford. The Ashenhursts are released.
  • 1644 Randle becomes Governor of Bolsover Castle, Derbyshire.
  • c1644 Randle takes possession of Shallcross Hall, Derbyshire.
  • 1644 Randle Ashenhurst is on the committee for Commonwealth Assessments for Derbyshire.
  • 1644 (June) Brereton besieges Dudley Castle. Two majors, two captains, two liuetenants taken prisoner.
  • 1645 (July 1) "Capt" Ashenhurst's victory at Wolverhampton. 14 killed and 34 captured. Some texts say this was Edward, but he was already commissioned a colonel, as was Randle.
  • 1645 Caverswall Castle back in Royalist hands.
  • 1645 Edward Ashenhurst serves under Sir William Brereton at Chester.
  • 1646 Brereton takes Dudley Castle. Col Edmond (Edward?) Ashenhurst, former prisoner at Dudley, is negotiator.
  • 1646 Charles I surrenders.
  • 1648 Second civil war
  • 1649 Charles I executed. End of second civil war.
  • 1649 Third civil war
  • 1650 Randle becomes Justice of the Peace in Derbyshire.
  • 1650 Capt John Ashenhurst commissioned colonel of horse.
  • 1651 "Col" Ashenhurst just misses capturing Charles II as he escapes to France.
  • 1652 (March 10) Col Edward Ashenhurst buys Walton Grange.
  • 1657 As J P, Randle performs 17 marriages.
  • 1659 Col Edward Ashenhurst appointed a Commissioner of the Militia in the County of Stafford.
  • 1660 Restoration of Charles II
  • 1666 Death of Randle "of Beard" in Derbyshire.
  • 1667 John Ashenhurst sells Ashenhurst estate to cousin Francis Hollinshead.

KEEPFREE


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