Name: Matthew Richardson
Born: 8 Sep 1757
Place: Kent Co., MD
Died: 1 Jan 1838
Place: Collinsville, Butler Co., OH
Place: Richardson-Simpson Cemetery, nr Trenton
Matthew Richardson and Ann Stockton married in 1780,
probably Kent County, Maryland. They had the following children.
||Married first Isaac
Simpson; married second Isaac Crume
||Died with brother Richard while trying to save the life of
Isaac Simpson. He was born 10 Aug 1783
||Married William R Winton in Butler county OH, 22 Nov
1804. She was born 2 Oct 1786.
||Married 1st John Kennard 23 May 1809; 2nd John C
Crume 25 Mar 25 1813 (by Rev Moses Crume); and 3rd Thomas Kentworthy 19
Jun 1832. She was born 11 May 1789 and died in 1862.
|Richard Stockton Richardson
||Died with brother William while trying to save the life of
Isaac Simpson. He was born 1 Oct 1791.
||Married Robert Martin. She was born 25 May 1794 and
died in 1863.
|Matthew Jobson Richardson
||He was only 16 when he married Harriet Ann Loper, 20
May 1817. The couple had two sons: Alex P Richardson (m Catherine
McClosky) and John Crume Richardson (1824-1905 m Elizabeth Broaden).
Matthew was born 3 Jul 1796 and died 11 Sep 1853.
||Maria was born 20 Sep 1799. She was only 10 years
old when her brothers and brother-in-law died. She died 22 August 1849. Never married.
||Born 28 Feb 1802, died 24 Mar 1802.
I find two additional Richardson marriages in Butler county:
- Isabel Richardson to John Fisher, 6 Jul 1807, by R Ogle, JP
- John Richardson to Polly Bridget, 13 Aug 1812, by Rev Stephen Gard
Matthew Richardson himself performed several marriages, 1811-1818 and
1820, as Justice of the Peace.
There can be little doubt that Matthew Richardson was from a
well-connected Maryland family. He was literate and later in life a leader
in his community and in his state, being elected two terms to the Ohio state
legislature. He married into the very prominent Stockton family. His
father-in-law, Richard Witham Stockton, was a Major in
the Loyalist Army and Richard's first cousin, another Richard Stockton, was
a signer of the Declaration of Independence. Matthew's cousin, William
Riley, who we know from an 1838 letter (below), also married into the
Stocktons and was a Captain in the Continental Army.
Although Matthew's parents are unknown, it is known that cousin Riley's
parents were Nicholas Riley and Sarah Smith,1 making Matthew's
mother either a Riley or a Smith. In other words, Nicholas Riley was
Matthew's maternal uncle either by blood or by marriage.
Nicholas Riley may have been the Nicholas Jr mentioned in the 1745 Kent
county MD inventory of the estate of an elder Nicholas,2 which
listed Nicholas Smith as a witness, perhaps the same man who served in the
Maryland provincial legislature in 1750.3 In 1756, a year before
Matthew's birth, Douglass Richardson's estate was appraised with next of kin
listed as Matt Richardson and Lydia Johnson. Administrators were Matthew
Richardson and John Grant.4 Of special interest is the 1768
inventory of a Mr William Smith listing next of kin as Nicholas Smith and
Nicholas Riley (ibid. 1766-1769, page 77), and an inventory of the estate
of the younger Nicholas Riley was made in 1773 (ibid. 1772-1774, p 24)
naming William Riley as executor.
On 10 May 1736, a Nicholas Riley was assessed for 561 acres of a tract of
land called Ryley's Land Resurveyed.5 On the tax assessment of
1783, nearly 50 years later, we find Mathew Richardson and Mathew Richardson
Sr each with 100 acres from the same tract. The following list was copied
State Archives, Index to the Assessment of 1786, Kent County.
- Mathew Richardson. Rileys Resurvey, 100 acres. KE 5th District, p. 19. MSA S
- Mathew Richardson. Adventure, 300 acres. KE 5th District, p. 19. MSA S
- Mathew Richardson, Jr. KE 5th District, p. 10. MSA S 1161-7-5 1/4/5/50
- Mathew Richardson, Sr. Ryleys Resurveyed, 100 acres. KE 5th District, p. 10.
MSA S 1161-7-5 1/4/5/50
- Mathew Richardson, Sr. Adventure, 300 acres. KE 5th District, p. 10. MSA S
- William Richardson. Adventure, 60 acres. KE 5th District, p. 9. MSA S
- William Richardson. Adventure, 60 acres. KE 5th District, p. 19. MSA S
- Benjamin Riley. Notes: lives in Georgetown. KE 5th District, p. 9. MSA S
- Rachel Riley. KE 5th District, p. 9. MSA S 1161-7-5 1/4/5/50
- John Wilson, Sr. Reliys Resurveyed, 200 acres. Notes: tract name
questionable. KE 5th District, p. 12. MSA S 1161-7-5 1/4/5/50
- John Wilson, Sr. Rileys Resurvey, 518 acres. KE 5th District, p. 20. MSA S
These marriages are found for Kent County, arranged by date.
- William Richardson and Ellener Hall, 19 Apr 1724
- Joseph Riley and Sarah Cornelius, 10 Jun 1744
- Nicholas Riley and Sarah Smith, 2 Dec 1747 [Wm Riley's parents]
- Nicholas Smith and Ann Marr, 14 Apr 1749
- Benjamin Riley and Hannah Smith, 8 Jan 1754
Sarah Smith and Hannah Smith, married to the brothers Riley, are believed
to have been sisters and possible daughters of Nicholas Smith.
Matthew served as a private for the Continental Army. He is found, along
with Benedict, John and Jacob Richardson, on a 1776 list of Capt William
Henry's company out of Kent county, Maryland.6 There's also a
listing for Matthew Richardson Jr for the 13th Battalion, also of Kent
County, 1775.7 The earliest post-war mention I find of him is on
the 1790 census,125 listed as
Matthew Richardson Jr, page 82. There is one other Richardson, another Matthew,
enumerated for Kent county, pg 83.
Nicholas Riley Sr died in Kent county in May 1745. His will names
children Nicholas, Benjamin, Rebecca, Sara, Elizabeth and Hezekiah.
(Interestingly, Matthew Richardson gave three of his five daughters the
names Elizabeth, Sarah and Rebecca.) Witnesses to Riley's will were Nicholas
Smith, Ben Palmer and John Riley.)
The simple conclusion is that the senior Matthew Richardson received the
Riley land through his wife. If that is true, then we might have this as an
ahnentafel for our Matthew:
102. Matthew Richardson (1757-1838)
204. Matthew Richardson Sr (-1806)
205. unknown Riley
410. Nicholas Riley Sr (c1680-1745)
820. John Riley (-1700)
Or we can look at it this way:
The following is highly speculative.
(died 1700, Maryland)
Nicholas Riley, Sr
unknown Riley Nicholas Riley Jr (-1773)
m Matthew Richardson Sr m 1741 Sarah Smith
Matthew Richardson William Riley (-1782)
m Ann Stockton m Rachel Stockton
However, that's the simple conclusion. It remains possible that his
mother was a Smith and a daughter of Nicholas Smith.
unknown Smith Sarah Smith
m Matthew Richardson Sr m 1741 Nicholas Riley Jr
Matthew Richardson William Riley (-1782)
m Ann Stockton m Rachel Stockton
Matthew's cousin, William Riley, married his sister-in-law, Rachel
Stockton. The following is found in the Riley-L archive on Rootsweb:
Subject: Nicholas Riley record of 8 Aug 1786
Date: Sun, 1 Aug 1999 14:17:39 -0400
Record from a book: "Inhabitants of Kent County, MD 1637-1787 by
Henry C. Peden, Jr. and the section of the book entitled "Indentured
Orphans, 1778-1787" on page 99.
Quote: "Nicholas Riley, a minor under the age of 14 - John Bantham
was appointed his guardian on August 8, 1786."
(Kent County, MD).
I believe this to be Nicholas Riley who later migrated to Knox County,
Ohio and that he was the son of Rachel Stockton Riley and William Riley
her first husband, a Revolutionary War Soldier. Rachel married
second, John Bantham in Kent County, MD. John and Rachel migrated
about the same time as Nicholas did and located in Bethlehem twp,
Coshocton county, Ohio fairly close to Nicholas and his family.
It should be noted at this point that there was also a Matthew Richardson
in Worcester County. The 1774 appraisal of the estate of William Richardson
Jr names William and Matthew Richardson as next of kin. The executor was
Samuel Richardson. Matthew also appears on the 1790 census for the same
Life in Ohio
There are numerous mentions of Matthew in A History and Biographical
Cyclopaedia of Butler County Ohio.123 The following is taken from
Centennial History of Butler County, Ohio:8
Matthew Richardson was born in 1758 [sic] in the state of Maryland. In 1802
he came to Ohio and settled on the farm where he died. He was one of the
first county commissioners of Butler county, and served three terms. Milford
township was organized into a civil township in 1805, and in 1810 he was
elected a justice of the peace, and continued to serve the people of that
township for about twenty years. Mr. Richardson was a member of the Ohio
state legislature two sessions as a representative from Butler county. He
was a man of good sense and of business habits. The conveyancing and public
writing of the township was principally transacted by him for many years. In
all stations to which he was called by his fellow citizens, he served them
faithfully and with great honesty and purpose. His friends were numerous,
and he was of that mild, conciliatory disposition that he had few enemies.
He lived beloved and respected and died at his residence in Milford township
on Tuesday, January 2, 1838, at the advanced age of eighty years.
This paragraph is found on page 564 of the above-cited A History and
Biographical Cyclopaedia of Butler County Ohio. It's of interest as it
helps confirm Matthew's probable status as slave holder on the 1790
Matthew Richardson, 1802, entered the land on which Collinsville now stands.
Richardson was a Marylander, and came to this part of the county with a
five-horse team, overland, bringing three colored people--two men and one
woman. One of the men was afterward drowned while coming from Hamilton, in
attempting to cross the stream near the old Matthew Hueston farm.
The following is taken from The Stockton Family of New Jersey and
Mr. Richardson and six of these children were living in Butler County, Ohio,
at the date of the following letter, written by him to Colonel T. B. W.
Stockton, of Flint, Mich., and now in the possession of C.A. Stockton, of
Milford Tp., Butler Co. Ohio, Aug. 22d
My Dear Sir--I received your very agreeable communication of
the 14th instant wherein you request me to answer the same. I therefore
inform you that I am the person that married your father's, Charles W.
Stockton's, sister Ann Stockton, and daughter of Richard Stockton who,
previous to the Revolutionary War, resided at Princeton, N. J.; and that I
am still in the land of the living, thank God for the same, but your dear
aunt departed this life July 28, 1812. We had 10 children, only six of whom
are now living, five daughters and one son.
My son Matthew has a wife and five children living; he now
lives on a farm with myself and my youngest daughter, Maria, who is now an
old maid. All the rest of our children are and have been married. I can
inform you that another of your father's sisters and a sister to my late
wife, an older sister, Rachel Stockton, was married to a Mr. Wm. Riley,
first cousin of mine, a considerable time previous to my marriage, was left
a widow in 1782, and married a second time and moved to the State of Ohio
sometime in 1803 or 1804. They are both no more. One of her daughters,
named Sarah, went to St. John, Nova Scotia, with your uncle Richard Stockton and his sister Jane Stockton, and another
of your Aunt Rachel's daughters, named Mary, younger than Sarah, is living
not far from me, has a large family of fine children, all nearly grown up
and are doing well.
Although your dear Aunt is no more, I hope you will call and
see me and some of my children who are now living near me. Although you are
an entire stranger, nevertheless I shall be happy to see you and any of my
dear wife's relatives and friends. When you come, come to Cincinnati, thence
to Hamilton, thence 7 miles to my farm. If you should come to Hamilton at
night, whether or not, enquire for a Mr. Kenworthy who married my third
daughter Sarah, who has been twice married previous to Kenworthy, who will
be glad to see you and will treat you well and likely come with you to my
You will please give me a more explicit detail of your
relatives, etc., in your next communication. I shall conclude at this time
and subscribe myself,
Your Affectionate Uncle,
Matthew did not leave a will but I received the following abstract of a
deed from Hazel M Stroup in April, 1987:
bk 6 pg 395 dated 1839
Isaac Crume & wife, Betsy
Thomas Kenworthy & wife, Sarah
Robert Martin & wife, Rebecca
Mathew J Richardson & wife, Harriett Ann
sold property sec 23 twp range 2 south of land formerly owned by Jesse
sold to David Beaty of Fayette co. Indiana
Isaac Crume was Betsy's second husband--the first marriage being to Isaac Simpson. One might imagine that Matthew sold the
following land (also an abstract from Hazel Stroup) to in-laws.
bk B pg 41 dated 1808
Mathew Richardson also sold to James & Jessie Simpson
land in Sec 23 twp 5 range 2 665 5/16 Acres
also 136 1/4 acres
Milford twp, Collinsville
Matthew is buried in what is now known as the Richardson-Simpson Cemetery
near Trenton, in Wayne twp, Butler co OH. Only three broken stones are known
Richard Richardson, d 8 Apr 1834. ae 16 yrs.
Matthew Richardson, b 8 Sep 1757, d 1 Jan 1838
Jessie Simpson, d 1 Aug 1831.
An article found on pages 222-224 of Centennial Portrait and
Biographical Record of the City of Dayton and of Montgomery County,
Ohio, states that the Crumes and Richardsons traveled to Ohio together.
However, one sentence gives the year 1802 and another says 1803,
which says something about the consistency of the author's material.
WILLIAM E CRUME
...The ancestors of Mr. Crume came from Wales to America during the latter part
of the seventeenth century and settled in Maryland, from which state his
paternal great-grandfathers, Jesse Crume and Mathew Richardson, came to Ohio
in 1802 and settled in Butler county. Jesse Crume shortly afterward removed
to Kentucky, where he spent the balance of his life, while Mathew Richardson
remained in Ohio and served in the state legislature in 1804 and 1806. The
great-grandfathers of Mr. Crume on the maternal side were James Martin, a
native of Maryland, and David Steel, a native of Ireland. The paternal
grandparents of Mr. Crume were John C. Crume, who came from Kentucky, his
native state, to Hamilton county, Ohio, in 1810, but returning to Kentucky,
died therein 1815; and Sarah Richardson, who came with her parents from
Maryland to Ohio in 1803...
1800 > MARYLAND > WASHINGTON > MARSH & BARREN HUNDRED
Series: M32 Roll: 12
Mathew Richardson 20210 31110
Jessee Simpson 01310 00100
John Richardson 00100 11001
1820 > OHIO > BUTLER > MILFORD
Series: M33 Roll: 87
Mathew Richardson 100001 00120 02000001
Mathew Richardson Jr 100100 00100 01
Jesse Simpson 200211 13111 13
From A History and Biographical Cyclopaedia of Butler County Ohio,
The Seven-Mile Presbyterian Church at Collinsville was erected or organized
in 1810. It was a frame building and stood eight rods west of the present
house. Some of the early members were Samuel Davis, Robert Irwin, Sen.,
Matthew Richardson, Ralph Brown, Robert Swann, Oliver Smith, father of
Samuel Smith, (who now lives in Seven-Mile, eighty years of age), John
Armstrong, and Samuel Young. Matthew Richardson gave the land on which the
house stood for this purpose--two acres, including the graveyard--. The
house was about thirty by forty feet, and was furnished with slab seats,
with legs for supports; from James Young's sawmill. In the course of time
better seats were put in, and the pews were sold, but this practice was soon
discontinued, because of the dissatisfaction, which it caused. For the
choir-leader the class had Daniel Corson, who stood close to the pulpit and
"lined" the hymns, and Matthew J. Richardson, who pitched the tunes. The
Rev. Francis Monfort was one of the first ministers.
All original portions ©
Michael Cooley, OrbitInternet.net -