Name: Peter Bishop
Married: 11 May 1807
Place: Wythe County, Virginia
Peter Bishop was born in
Virginia, possibly Montgomery County, from which Wythe County was formed in
1790. He first married Elizabeth Myers in 1807 and was the son of Peter and
Margaret Bishop. (See Bishops in Virginia,
The best we have that tells us that Euphemia Bishop Ashenhurst was his
daughter is this statement from an undated Ashenhurst history by an unnamed
author. I don't know who "he" is referencing, but "Eunie" was my
grandmother, Euphemia Ashenhurst McDowell.
Euphemia's father's name was Peter Bishop (Eunie's grandmother) but he
doesn't know if the grandmother had any brothers or sisters or her mother's
maiden name. A daughter of John Ashenhurst, Oliver's brother, married a
Valentine Bishop. Her name was Nancy and she would have been Euphemia's
niece. He doesn't know whether Valentine was any relation to Euphemia or
The relationships stated in the entire "history" are confusing, but the
above paragraph parses out in this manner:
James G Ashenhurst states in a letter dated 27 Aug 1982:
I recall someone saying that [Euphemia] had a brother, James,
who was a United Presbyterian minister, or maybe it was missionary.
Euphemia was, of course, born a Bishop. I believe he was thinking about
Rev James Young Ashenhurst, a nephew of her husband, Oliver Ashenhurst.
Her granddaughter, Euphemia (Eunie) was born in southwestern Iowa, Adair
County, only four year before her grandmother's death. Adair County is due
west from Mercer County, Illinois by about 225 miles, a walk of several
days. It doesn't seem likely that the two Euphemias ever came face to
An online article entitled "The McManis Family in Adams County, Ohio" [link]
by Doris Lucille McManis Camden states,
The second wife of Joseph McManis was Mary Bishop, also known as Polly,
daughter of Peter Bishop. The marriage took place on March 21, 1839 or 1840.
Her death occurred in June of 1845. There were three children born to this
Joseph McManis married three times. His first wife died in 1838. Origina
images at FamilySearch show that the 1839 date is correct for his marriage
to Mary (Marriage records 1835-1840 vol E5-F6, image 103). The 1840 census
reading for Joseph McManis shows a woman 20-29 years old. That's too great
a range to determine whether she was the daughter of Peter's first or second
wife. She could easily have been Eleanor's first child.
It's long been believed that Euphemia was born in Ohio but that's clearly
not true. It's stated on the 1850, 1870, and 1880 census that she was born
in Virgnia. The 1880 census also says that both parents were born there.
Valentine, whose relationship we've yet to proof, was also born in
Peter Bishop's Reconstructed Family
||He married Nancy Ashenhurst.
||She married Oliver Ashenhurst
||She married Joseph McManis. The 1840 census infers
that she was born between 1811 and 1820.
||He married Maria Woodruff and moved to Kansas.
Peter Bishop in Ohio
According to the 1880 census entry for Peter's daughter, Euphemia
Ashenhurst, both parents were born in Virginia. However, the 1850 census
for Peter clearly states he was born in Pennsylvania. Whether it be
Virginia or Pennsylvania, he probably would not have been related to the
Bishops in Perry township, Brown county, Ohio as their roots are believed to
have been in Vermont and England.
Peter Bishop appears on the following census for 1820. If we presume that
he is the eldest male listed (45+) he'd have been born in 1775 or earlier.
However, that man could have been any elder male living with the family. My
first guess is that Peter was the younger male, 26-45. If the reading is
accurate, his wife was either absent from the household or deceased. We
know Peter married again in 1819.
1820 > OHIO > BROWN > BYRD
Series: M33 Roll: 86 Page: 182
Peter Bishop 110011-12000
1 male under 10 ?
1 male 10-16 Valentine
1 male 26-44 Peter
1 male 45+ father or father-in-law?
1 female under 10 Mary
2 females 10-16 Euphemia and ?
Either another family was living with them or they had two other children
by this time. Euphemia was 11. She might have had an older sister.
The 1830 census for Byrd township lists two Bishops, with Peter being
40-50, placing his birth in the 1780s. There are four girls in the
household: Euphemia, Mary, Elizabeth, and one other.
1830 > OHIO > BROWN > BYRD
Series: M19 Roll: 127
pg 395 Peter Bishop 1110001-111101
1 male under 5
1 male 5-9 (Simon Peter)
1 male 10-14
1 male 40-49 (Peter)
1 female under 5
1 female 5-9 (Elizabeth)
1 female 10-14
1 female 15-19
1 female 30-39 (Eleanor)
pg 399 Valentine Bishop 10001-00001
Again, we can't quite tell where Mary goes. Euphemia was married and out
of the house by the time.
On the 1840 census, Peter appears as aged between 60-70. This would put
his birth in the 1770s. If these two readings are accurate, he may have
been sitting on the cusp of the decade, making his birth year right around
1840 > OHIO > BROWN > JACKSON
Series: M704 Roll: 379 Page: 229
Peter Bishop 1211100010000 1010100100000
Finally, the 1850 census entry confirms that Peter was probably born in
1780. And we see that he moved across the county line into Adams
1850 > OHIO > ADAMS > WINCHESTER
Series: M432 Roll: 657 Page: 163
Peter Bishop 70 m Pa
Eleanor 61 f Pa
Peter 24 m Ohio
Elizabeth 21 f Ohio
David 17 m Ohio
Robert Gragg 22 m Ohio
Peter married secondly to Ellen (Eleanor) Young on 9 September 1819. Son
Peter's full name was Simon Peter Bishop. He married Maria Woodruff and
moved to Kansas. The 1900 census says that his father was born in Virgina
and his mother in Pennsylvania. It appears that only the 1850 census entry
gives Pennsylvania as the Peter's birth date. It's obviously an error.
1850 > OHIO > ADAMS > WINCHESTER
Series: M432 Roll: 657 Page: 175
Valentine Bishop 43 m Va
Nancy 44 f Va
Wm 21 m Ohio
Peter 17 m Ohio
Silas 15 m Ohio
Malinda E 13 f Ohio
John 10 m Ohio
Margaret 8 f Ohio
Having a fairly good fix on Peter's age makes it even more likely that
that he's the male, 26-44, on the 1820 census. There indeed was an older
man in the household.
I believe this is the remnants of the Valentine Bishop family, Nancy
Bishop being his widow and the daughter of John Ashenhurst (see descendancy
chart above), and Elizabeth Allen being his daughter, Malinda E Bishop.
I've been unable to trace these families any further.
1860 > ILLINOIS > LASALLE > GROVELAND
Series: M653 Roll: 197 Page: 694
85 Silas Bishop 25 m laborer Ohio
86 David Allen 25 m farm laborer Ohio
Elizabeth 22 f Ohio
Nancy Bishop 54 f Pa
Peter's son, Simon Peter, married 22 March 1853 in Brown County, Ohio.
According to his biography at findagrave.com, he moved to Kansas in 1866. I
can find no record of this family on the 1860 Ohio census.
All original portions ©
Michael Cooley, OrbitInternet.net -