Name: Samuel Foster
Place: prob Abbeville, SC
Died: 13 Aug 1845120
Place: Warren Co., IL
Place: Cedar Creek Cemetery120
Samuel's gravesite includes a War of 1812 marker.
I'm not convinced that Samuel Foster's father was the often-cited James
Couples Foster. I simply haven't seen strong evidence of it. There is a
document159 that has been in
circulation for decades which purports to have been originally written in
1861 by James's son Alexander Foster and later revised (1915-1916) by
his son, Robert Andrew Foster. It does mention Samuel's family. The
typewritten copy I have includes handwritten corrections. The authenticity
of this record is, in my mind, questionable.
Nevertheless, there is no dispute that Samuel's son, John A
Foster, was born in Abbeville District, SC in 1818 and that they were
closely related to James Couples Foster, as becomes evident when looking at
the early census records (below). James C Foster is said to have been born
in Ireland in 1753. He was the son of another James Foster.
Samuel was married at least three times. The tombstone at the grave of
his last known child, Samuel Hamilton Foster, states that his parents were
Samuel and Nancy Foster. We cannot know, however, if Nancy was the mother of
all Samuel's children. He did marry twice more in his later years in Warren
county, Illinois, having no children with either wife: Margaret Lusk on 4
Oct 1839 (she died two years later) and Mrs Eleanor (Struthers) Pollock
on 17 April 1849 only four months before he died.
The early Fosters of Abbeville District, South Carolina appear to have
been members of the Lower Long Cane
Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church.
||She married John Campbell McCrery in 1829,
Abbeville Dist, SC. Find A Grave Memorial# 73919132.
|Margaret B Foster
||I've seen her referred to as "Belle" so I suspect that was her middle name. She married Hamilton Hill in Abbeville Dist and secondly to Thomas Arthurs, 1845, Warren county IL.
|Mary C Foster
||She married Landy G Shoemaker, prob in SC. He died there c1845. Mary died before 1878.
||Married first to Susan Giles 1840 Warren county IL and second to Mary McMillen 1867, Warren co.
|William A Foster
||Married Jane McDill. He died in Henderson co IL, 1855.
|John A Foster
||See the webpage for him.
|Martha L Foster
||She married in Warren co to Jonathan Mulnix 1839 and died there in 1849.
|Samuel Hamilton Foster
||Appears to have been called Hamilton. See below for more information.
Samuel and his family arrived in Warren county, Illinois on 18 May 1837
after 8 weeks travel.157
Will of Samuel Foster, 1845
I've had a copy of this in my files for 20 years or more.
Finally (in 2007), I've taken the time to transcribe it. Samuel's gravestone
says that he was 61 years old at death. That puts his birth rather squarely
I Samuel Foster of the County of Warren in the State of Illinois do make and
publishe this my last will and tistament [sic] in manner and form
that is to say
first it is my will that my funeral expenses and all just debts be fully
second I give devise and bequeth to my beloved wife Eleanor Foster all the property
that she brought with her and all she has not brought that belongs to
third I give and devise to my son John Foster the East half of my land both
timber and Prairie to his heirs and assigns forever and the half of my other
property after my debts is all paid.
fourth I give and devise to my son Samuel H. Foster the West half of my land
both timber and prairie his life time; and at his death I allow it to be
divided among the rest of my children also I allow him the the half of my
personal property after my debts is paid. If Hamilton lives with John I
allow John the use of Hamiltons land for helping him
and lastly I hereby constitute and appoint John C McCrery and James Foster
to be the Executors for this my last will and testament revoking and
anulling all former wills by me made and ratifying and conforming this and
no other to be my last will and testament
In testimony [sic] whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal this 11th
day of August 1845
Signed published and declared by the
above named Smauel Foster as and for
his last will and testament in
presence of all who at his request
have signed as witnesses to the same
Cornelius F. Kitchen
I had puzzled over why Samuel would assume that his son, Samuel Hamilton
Foster, might want to live with his brother despite being given half of his
father's real property. And it was curious that Samuel assumed that
"Hamilton" would have no heirs to pass the property on to, and that the land
would automatically revert to John. Harriett Reynolds, who I had
opportunity to meet later in the year, provided the answer in her February
1988 letter to me.
[Samuel Hamilton Foster] was a dwarf, a carpenter and tailor.
Mainly a tailor. He always lived with John or my grandmother Margaret B.
Arthurs. He's living with the Arthurs on the 1860 census.
We know now, of course, that dwarfism does not, in and of itself, prevent
someone from having a family. The mindset of the time is evident in Samuel's
The are four Samuels on the 1810 census. The closest match, I believe, is
on page 50. There are many more Fosters than I've listed here.
James Foster 31010 11110
George Kidd 00101 12210
Samuel Foster 00100 11100
James Foster Sr 20101 10100
John Foster 11010 20010
Samuel Foster 10010 10100
Benjamin Hill 02010 41010
John Foster Sr 41010 12201
Samuel Foster Sr 00001 00001 died 1825?
Samuel Foster Jr 10020 00010 son John C Foster?
Here is a list of the 19 Foster households found in the 1820 census, with
James Sr, 45
James W S, 22
Robert Sr, 76
Robert Sr, 80
Samuel C, 76
William H, 76
I read the entries on page 48 as follows. It's worth noting that they're
cited one after the other. Might James and Samuel have been brothers? Samuel did have
two sons, James (1815) and John (1818) and three known daughters, Jane
(1809), Margaret (1811) and Mary (c1813), by that time. His future
son-in-law, Hamilton Hill, and his father, Benjamin Hill, are also on the
James Foster 110010 10110
Samuel Foster 200010 41010
The following are the census entries for the name Foster in Abbeville
District, 1830. Samuel is undoubtedly on page 57. It fits perfectly,
including the presence of his wife.
1 to 5 (Samuel H.)
1 5-10 (James)
2 10-15 (John and William)
1 40-50 (Samuel)
2 15-20 (Margaret B and Mary C)
1 40-50 (wife, Nancy?)
Daughter Jane married John C McCrery in 1829. He also had daughter,
Martha L of unknown birth year.
1830 > SOUTH CAROLINA > ABBEVILLE > ABBEVILLE
Series: M19 Roll: 169
pg line FOSTER Males Females Slaves
7 5 Joseph 0000100100000 0000001000000 (50-60) 20
18 25 William H 1010010000000 1100010000000 (30-40)
44 1 Joseph 0120010000000 0011010000000 (30-40) 5
45 8 Jane 0000100000000 0000100100000 (50-60)
46 16 Sarah 0001000000000 1000100001000 (70-80) 2
53 3 Elisabeth 0100000000000 0101001000000 (40-50) 25
55 1 James M 2000010000000 0200010000000 (30-40)
56 3 John 0010001000000 0002001000000 (40-50) 3
8 Samuel 0020000100000 0111001000000 (50-60)
26 Alex P 1000100000000 0000100000000 (20-30) 1
27 James 0001100010000 0001100000000 (60-70)
57 1 Samuel 1120001000000 0122001000000 (40-50)
3 John P 0000010000000 1000010000000 (30-40)
9 James Sr 0100100001000 1000100000000 (70-80) 1
10 James Esq 0000100100000 0000100100000 (50-60) 1
13 A?n? 3200010000000 2111110000000 (30-40) 2
77 20 Cradern 2020100000000 1110100000000 (20-30)
21 Robert 0101001000000 0011101000000 (40-50) 4
96 26 John W 1210010000000 1000001000000 (30-40) 2
Other names of interest include:
John Morrow, page 56, line 2.
John A Hamilton, page 56, line 6.
Andrew Hamilton Sr, page 56, line 7
Hamilton Hill, page 56, line 24. He m2 Samuel's daughter, Margaret
John McCrary, page 57, line 2. Probably his son-in-law.
Sarah Foster, on page 46, may have been Sarah (Golding) Foster and the
widow of Samuel Sr (d 1825). She died in 1845.
The entries for the 1840 census are opposite to what I'd expect. In fact,
I'm convinced that that's the case — James and Samuel were
mis-enumerated. James's household matches what Samuel's should have looked
like and visa vera. Samuel's wife at the time would have been Margaret
1840 > ILLINOIS > WARREN > 12 N 2 W
Series: M704 Roll: 72 Page: 186
James Foster 0011100100000 0000001000000 (50-60)
Samuel Foster 0000100000000 0000100000000 (20-30)
Mayflower Descent? Not likely
If Samuel was indeed the son of James Couples Foster, his genealogy would
look something like the ahnentafel below. Stephen Hopkins and his son Giles
were passengers on the Mayflower. However, I found the following quoted on
several web pages, apparently written by Worth Ray:
This David is often tied to Hannah Hopkins because of a will dated Nov 22,
1734, where David Murray was a testator in the will of Elizabeth Davis of
Somerset County, Maryland. Other testators include Nathaniel Hopkins and
Hannah Murray. HOWEVER, subsequent research uncovered the will of David m.
Hannah Hopkins and the list of children is DIFFERENT than those connected to
this David (Samuel, Adam, and David).
And here's an excellent post to the MORROW-L Archives by Bill Morrow.
I have just received info that Hannah Hopkins, (dau of Nathaniel Hopkins
d.1739/40 Somerset Co Md), who married David Murray/Murrow, was not the wife
of David (50) Morrow shown on page 256 of Worth Ray's "Tennessee Cousins".
David Murray/Murrow, husband of Hannah Hopkins died 1746 in Somerset Co Md
leaving children: Esther, William, Samuel & Nathaniel Hopkins Murray.
Source: page 92, "Colonial Families of the Eastern Shore, Vol 10" by Vernon
L. Skinner, Jr & F. Edward Wright.
The children listed under David (50) Morrow were: (100) Rev David Morrow
(101) Alexander (102) Old Samuel d.1796 SC (103) Adam (104) John (106) James
(107) Sarah (108) William Morrow. Source: page 256 "Tennessee Cousins" 1950
by Worth Ray.
My conclusions are that these were two different men. And I also think that
"David Walter Morrow" did not exist, some researchers must have garbled
David (50) Morrow and Walter (28) Morrow into one person. Double given names
didn't start until early 1800's. Walter Morrow died 1709 in Baltimore County
Md. I don't know when David (50) Morrow died. Page 296 of "Morrows &
Related Families" 1972 by Dr. J.T. Morrow shows birthyear 1700 deathyear
1780, but no proof is shown.
I think David (50) Morrow's birthyear may have been about 1693, based upon
his grandfather David (3) Morrow's will which chides son Alexander (22)
Morrow that if he dies without issue (children) his inheritances revert to
his siblings. Worth Ray states on page 262 of "Tennessee Cousins" that
..."Alexander (22) Morrow was probably married and a father at that time,
but the testator (David (3) Morrow) wanted him to "raise" them and to be
sure he had "living heirs" at his death."
Bill Morrow of Oklahoma
So, there would be no Mayflower connection. Nevertheless, here's the
"traditional" descent, greying out the disputed Hopkins lineage.
52. Samuel FOSTER (c1784-1845)
104. James Couples FOSTER (1753-1837)
105. Jane MORROW (1757-)
208. James FOSTER
210. Samuel MORROW (c1722-1796)
211. Elizabeth CARMICHAEL
420. David MORROW (1700-1780)
421. Hannah HOPKINS
840. Alexander MORROW (1670-1726)
841. Grace SMITH [link]
842. Nathaniel HOPKINS (1684-1766)
843. Mercy MAYO (1688-)
1680. David MORROW (1630-1692)
1682. Richard Smith (-c1727)
1684. Stephen HOPKINS (1642-1718)
1685. Mary MERRICK (1650-c1694)
1686. John MAYO (c1656-1725/26)
1687. Hannah FREEMAN (c1664-1743/44)
3360. Daniel MORROW
3368. Giles HOPKINS (c1608-1689)
3369. Catherine WHELDON
3370. Ensign William MERRICK
3392. Samuel MAYO (c1625-c1664)
3393. Thomasine LUMPKIN (1626-1709)
3394. John FREEMAN (c1622-1719)
3395. Mary PRENCE (-1711)
6736. Stephen HOPKINS (c1578-1644)
6737. Mary (-1613)
6738. Gabriel WHELDON
13472. John HOPKINS
13473. Elizabeth WILLIAMS
The issue of Samuel's descent may one day be decided by DNA. The trick is
to find a patrilineal descendant of Samuel's (a male Foster), test his Y
chromosome for markers suitable for genetic genealogy, and compare them with
the markers found in a proven descendant of James Couples Foster. That,
however, may only prove that Samuel and James were of the same family, not
necessarily that they were father and son. A detailed study of the DNA of
many known patrilineal would need to be made to make the relationship
conclusive. However, to that end, it's necessary to find those living
descendants. His son John A Foster, it needs to be noted, had no sons.
As of 1860, Samuel's son, James Foster, had the following family.
1860 > ILLINOIS > WARREN > SUMNER TWP
Series: M653 Roll: 234 Page: 460
James Foster 43 m farmer South Carolina
Susan " 43 f Ohio
Margaret A " 18 f Illinois
Samuel A " 17 m Illinois
James G " 15 m Illinois
Nancy J " 9 f Illinois
Sarah I " 6 f Illinois
John A " 4 m Illinois
Olive G " 1 f Illinois
1. See the Foster
Surname DNA Project at Family Tree DNA for more
All original portions ©
Michael Cooley, OrbitInternet.net -