My Ahnentafel
Definition | 14-gen | GEDCOM

1.1. Michael Hugh COOLEY 1.2. Lonnie Rae COOLEY
2ND GENERATION
2. Allison Claude COOLEY 3. Billie Dell HOGUE
3RD GENERATION
4. McCabe COOLEY 5. Marie Henrietta HENNEQUIN 6. Hugh Wallace HOGUE 7. Birdie Nina MCDOWELL
4TH GENERATION
8. Joseph William COOLEY 9. Araminta D JOHNSON 10. Louis Francois HENNEQUIN 11. Marguerite STEWARD 12. Robert Irwin HOGUE 13. Nancy Joanna FOSTER 14. William Ellis MCDOWELL 15. Euphemia Ruth ASHENHURST
5TH GENERATION
16. Greenbury COOLEY 17. Amelia Mohler PETTIT 18. Wesley Phillip JOHNSON 19. Susan Isabel FISK 20. Louis HENNEQUIN 21. Maria Theresa DRAVIGNEY 22. John Joseph STEWARD 23. Fanny LAURENT 24. John HOGUE 25. Ann R SIMPSON 26. John A FOSTER 27. Martha Jane STRUTHERS 28. William Erwin MCDOWELL 29. Maria HART 30. Oliver Taylor ASHENHURST 31. Sara Eva SOUTHERN
6TH GENERATION
32. David COOLEY 33. Laurinda AIKEN 34. Joseph PETTET 35. Elizabeth MOHLER 36. Elijah JOHNSON 37. Anna Jane FOSTER 38. Edward Curtis FISK 39. Arminta D WOOD 40. Xavier HANNEQUIN 41. Marie Magdeleine BELOT 42. Pierre Joseph DRAVIGNEY 43. Marie Thérèse GILBERT 44. Joseph STEWARD 46. Jean Baptiste LAURENT 47. Jeaninne Henriette VANDERMEULEN 48. James HOGUE 49. Margaret IRWIN 50. Isaac SIMPSON 51. Elizabeth RICHARDSON 52. Samuel FOSTER 53. Nancy ____ 54. James STRUTHERS 55. Elizabeth SAVILLE 56. John MCDOWELL 57. Anna CURRY 58. Joseph HART Sr 59. Susan PICKENS 60. Oliver ASHENHURST 61. Euphemia BISHOP 62. Charles William SOUTHERN 63. Ruth Ruema HOOVER
7TH GENERATION
64. John COOLEY 65. Sela WRIGHT 66. William AKINS 67. Rebecca MCCLINTICK 73. Ruth ____ ? 76. John R FISK 77. Mahala KEMP 78. John WOOD 79. Charity CORSON 85. Jeanne Claude DRAVIGNEY 86. Josph GILBERT 87. Agathe LANGARD 102. Matthew RICHARDSON 103. Ann STOCKTON 104. James Couples FOSTER 105. Jane MORROW 108. William STRUTHERS 109. Janet LINDSAY 110. Robert SAVILLE 111. Deborah ____ 112. John MCDOWELL 113. Jane ERWIN 116. Edward HART 117. Nancy Ann STOUT 118. John PICKENS 120. William ASHENHURST 121. Nancy ASHENHURST 122. Peter BISHOP 123. Eleanor ____ 124. John SOUTHERN 125. Elizabeth DUNCAN 126. John HOOVER? 127. unknown
8TH GENERATION
128. Edward COOLEY 129. Martha RAPER 130. William WRIGHT 131. Martha MORGAN 132. William EAKIN 133. Mary WALLACE 134. John MCCLINTICK 135. Mary Jane MCDOWELL 152. Richard FISK 154. William KEMP 155. Sukey DAMANT 158. Eli CORSON 159. Christianna THOMPSON 206. Richard Witham STOCKTON 207. Mary Ann HATFIELD 210. Samuel ? MORROW ? 218. James LINDSAY 219. Margaret WATSON 220. Samuel SAVILLE 221. Ann BOOTH 224. John MCDOWELL 225. Esther HARRISON 226. William ERWIN 227. Mary ERWIN 232. John HART Signer 233. Deborah SCUDDER 234. St Leger Codd STOUT 235. Susannah SIMPSON 248. William SOUTHERN 249. Magdelaine FORD 250. Charles DUNCAN 251. Margaret KIRK 252->255. unknown
9TH GENERATION
256. John COOLEY 257. poss Sarah MATTHEWS 258. Thomas RAPER 259. Martha HAM 260. Richard WRIGHT Sr103 261. Ann 262. James MORGAN 263. Mary DAVIS 316. Jacob CORSON Jr 317. Charity STILLWELL 318. Benajah TOMSON 319. Prudence ELDREDGE 412. Samuel STOCKTON 413. Rachel STOUT 414. Joseph HATFIELD 415. Phoebe CLARK 442. Robert BOOTH 443. Ann GASTON 452. John ERWIN 453. Jane WILLIAMS 454. Francis ERWIN 455. Jane CURRY 464. Capt Edward HART 465. Martha FURMAN 466. Richard Betts SCUDDER Jr 467. Hannah STILLWELL 468. James STOUT 469. Mary Ann CODD 496. John SOUTHERN ? 497. Margaret KIDD ? 500. Charles DUNCAN 502. John KIRK Sr 503. Margaret BROOKS 504->517. unknown
10TH GENERATION
518->823. unknown 632. Jacob CORSON Sr 633. Naomi 634. Nicholas STILLWELL 635. Sara HAND 824. Richard STOCKTON 825. Susannah WITHAM 826. Col Joseph STOUT 827. Ruth BRYMSON 828. Abraham HATFIELD 829. Phoebe OGDEN 829. John CLARK 904. Edward ERWIN 905. Frances FRANCIS 908. see 904 909. see 905 910. William CURRY 911. Sally YOUNG 928. John HART 2nd 929. Mary HUNT 930. Josiah FURMAN 2nd 931. Sarah STRICKLAND 932. Richard Betts SCUDDER Sr 933. Hannah REEDER 936. see 826 937. see 827 938. Capt St Leger CODD 939. Mary HANSON 1000. John DUNCAN 1001. Dinah BRADFORD 940->1035. unknown
11TH GENERATION
1036->1263. unknown 1264. Jan CARSTENSEN 1265. Maria Elias DAAS 1268. John STILLWELL Jr 1270. George HAND 1648. Richard STOCKTON 1649. Abigail ____ 1650. Robert WITHAM 1651. Ann HOAG 1652. Jonathan STOUT 1653. Anne BOLLEN 1654. Daniel BRYMSON 1655. Frances GREENLAND 1856. John HART 1st 1857. Mary ____ 1858. Ralph HUNT 1859. Elizabeth JESSUP 1860. Josiah FURMAN 1st 1862. Edmund STRICKLAND 1863. Hannah ____ 1864. John SCUDDER Jr 1865. Joanna BETTS 1866. John REEDER 2nd 1867. Hannah BURROUGHS 1876. Col St Leger CODD 115 1877. Anna BENNETT 115 1878. Col Hans HANSON 1879. Martha Kelts WOODARD 2002. John BRADFORD 2003. Mary MARR 1880->2071. unknown
12TH GENERATION
2072->2079. unknown 2528. Carsten JANSEN 2529. Barbara 2530. Elias DAAS 2536. John STILLWELL 2537. Elizabeth PERRIN 2540. Thomas HAND 2541. Katherine STUBBS 3296. John STOCKTON 3296. Eleanor CLAYTON 3304. Richard STOUT 3305. Penelope VAN PRINCIS 3306. Capt James BOLLEN 3307. Anne VAUQUELLIN 3308. William BRINSDON 3309. Margaret ____ 3310. Dr Henry GREENLAND 3311. Mary BAREFOOT 3312. Thomas HATFIELD 3313. Anna 3314. Cornelius MELYN 3316. John OGDEN 3317. Jane BOND 3718. Edward JESSUP 3719. Elizabeth BRIDGES 3720. John FURMAN 3728. John SCUDDER Sr 3729. Mary KING 3730. Capt Richard BETTS 3731. Joanna CHAMBERLAYNE 3732. John REEDER 1st 3733. Hannah THORPE 3734. Jeremiah BURROUGHS 3735. Hannah WAY 3752. Col William CODD 115 3753. Lady Mary ST LEGER 115 3754. Gov Richard BENNETT 3755. Mary Ann LONGWORTH113 106 3756. Andrew HANSON 3757. Annika ____ 4006. John MARR Sr 3758->4143. unknown
13TH GENERATION
4144->4159. unknown 5072. William STILLWELL 5073. Hannah 5074. Daniel PERRIN 5075. Elizabeth 5080. John HAND 5081. Elizabeth GRANSDEN 6592. John STOCKTON 6593. Eleanor CLAYTON 6608. John STOUT 6609. Elizabeth BEE 6614. Robert VAUQUELLIN 6615. Jeanette 6622. Walter BAREFOOT 6632. Richard OGDEN 6633. Elizabeth HUNTINGTON 7456. Thomas SCUDDER 7457. Elizabeth LOWERS 7458. William KING 7459. Dorothy HAYNES 7460. John BETTES 7461. Mary BIGGS 7462. Rev Robert CHAMBERLAYNE 7463. Elizabeth STOUGHTON 7466. William THORPE 7467. Garthered BLITHE 7468. John BURROUGHS 7469. Johanna JESSUP 7470. James WAY 7504. William CODD 7505. Hester LAMPORD 7506. Sir Warham ST LEGER115 7507. Dame Mary HAYWARD115 7508. Thomas BENNETT 7509. Anstie Tomson SPICER 7512. John HANSON 8012. Daniel MARR 7511->8287. unknown
14TH GENERATION
8288->8319. unknown 10144. Nicholas STILLWELL 10145. Ann 10148. Pierre PERRIN 10149. Andrienne JUBRIL 10160. John HAND 10161. Joan SIMMONS 10162. Henry GRANSDEN 13624. Edward OGDEN 13624. Margaret WILSON 14912. Henry SCUDDER 14913. ____ LOWERS 14914. John LOWERS 14920. Alexander BETTES 14921. Joan LARKYN 14926. Rev Thomas STOUGHTON 14927. Katherine 14936. Jeremiah BURROUGHS 14938. John JESSUP 14939. Joanna KERRICH 15012. Sir Anthony ST LEGER 115 15013. Mary SCOTT 115 15014. Sir Rowland HAYWARD 115 15015. Katherine SMYTHE 15016. Robert BENNETT 15017. Elizabeth EDNEY 15024. Col. John HANSON 15025. Frances PRICHARD 15026->16575. unknown
15TH GENERATION
16576->20289. unknown 20298. Jean JUBRIL 20299. Juvine LOMBARD 20326. William GRANSDEN 20327. Ann 26528. William OGDEN 26529. Abigail GOODSALL 26530. Richard WILSON 26531. Margaret 29792. William de STIRKELAUNDE 29840. Robert BETTS 29876. Francis JESSOP 29877. Frances WHITE 30024. Sir Warham ST LEGER 115 30025. Lady Ursula NEVILLE 107 115 30026. Sir Thomas SCOTT 115 30027. Elizabeth BAKER 115 30028. George HAYWARD 30029. Margaret WITHBROKE 30030. Sir Thomas SMYTHE 30031. Alice JUDDE 30032. John BENNETT 30033. Margery 30034. John EDNYE 30048. Thomas HANSON 30049. Janet G GLEDHILL 30050. John PRICHARD 30051->33151. unknown
16TH GENERATION
33152->33279. unknown 53056. Richard OGDEN 53057. Mabel de HOOGAN 53058. Henry GOODSALL 59584. William de STIRKELAUNDE 59752. Richard JESSOP 59753. Ann SWIFT 59754. Alexander WHITE 59755. Eleanor SMITH 60048. Sir Anthony St LEGER 111 60049. Agnes WARHAM 112 60050. George NEVILLE 60051. Lady Mary STAFFORD 60052. Sir Reginald SCOTT 115 60053. Emiline KEMP 115 60054. Sir John BAKER 115 60055. Elizabeth DINLEY 115 60056. John HAYWARD 60060. John SMYTHE 60061. Joan BROUNCKER 60062. Andrew JUDDE 60057. Agnes GLOVER 60096. John HANSON 60097. Agnes SAVILE 60098. John GLEDHILL 60099->66303. unknown
17TH GENERATION
66304->66559. unknown 106112. Robert OGDEN 106113. Joan 106114. Johannes de HOOGAN 119504. William JESSOP 119505. Emotte CHARLESWORTH 119506. Robert SWIFT 119508. Thomas WHITE 119510. William SMITH 119511. Katherine PORTER 120096. Ralph St LEGER 120097. Anne HART 120098. Heughe WARHAM 112 120099. Mary Ann COLLES 120100. George NEVILLE 120101. Margaret FENNE 120102. Edward STAFFORD 120103. Eleanor PERCY 120104. Sir John SCOTT 115 120105. Anne (Amy) PYMPE 115 120106. Sir William KEMP 111 115 120107. Elynor BROWNE 111 115 120108. Richard BAKER 120109. Elizabeth DYNELEY 120110. Thomas DINLEY 115 120112. William HAYWARD 120113. Agnes BALLY 120122. Robert BROUNCKER 120192. John HANSON 120193. Catherine BROOKE 120194. John SAVILE Esq. 120195. Margery GLEDHILL 120196->132607. unknown
18TH GENERATION
132608->132608. unknown 239020. Thomas SMITH 239021. Margaret CLARKE 239022. Augustine PORTER 240192. Ralph ST LEGER 240193. Anne PROPHET 240194. Sir Edward HART 240196. Robert WARHAM 240197. Elizabeth ____ 240198. Geoffrey COLLES 240200->240207. Royal Lineage 107 240208. Sir William SCOTT 115 240209. Sybil LEWKNOR 115 240210. Reginald DE PYMPE 115 240211. Elizabeth PASHLEY 115 240212. Sir Thomas KEMP 111 115 240213. Emelyn CHICHE 111 115 240214. Robert BROWNE 111 240215. Mary MALLETT 115 240218. Thomas DYNELEY 240224. William HAYWARD 240225. Elizabeth BROCKTON 240226. William BALLY 240384. John HANSON 240385. Cicely RAVENSHAW 240386. John BROOKE 240390. John GLEDHILL 240391->265215. unknown
19TH GENERATION
265216->266241. unknown 480384. Ralph ST LEGER 480385. Margaret TYRREL 480400->480415. Royal Lineage 107 480416. Sir John SCOTT 480417. Agnes BEAUFITZ 480418. John LEWKNOR 115 480420. Sir William DE PYMPE 115 480421. Elizabeth WHETEHILL 480422. Sir John PASHELY 115 480423. Lowys GOWER 115 480424. Thomas KEMP 111 480425. Beathris LEUKENER 111 480426. Sir Valentine CHICHE 480427. Philippa CHICHELEY 480428. Sir Thomas BROWNE 111 115 480429. Alianor DE ARUNDEL 115 480430. William MALLETT 115 480448. William HAYWARD 480449. Jane WILCOCKES 480450. William BROCKTON 480768. John HANSON 480769. Cicely DE WINDEBANKE 480770. John RAVENSHAW 480826. Vincent CHICHELE 115 480827->530431. unknown
20TH GENERATION
530432->960767. unknown 960768. John ST LEGER 960769. Margery DONNETT 960824->960829. Royal Lineage 107 960830. Sir Walter D'EVEREAUX 107 960831. Elizabeth MERBURY 107 960832. William SCOTT 960833. Isabella HERBERT 960834. William DE BEAUFITZ 960842. Sir Richard WHETEHILL 960844. Sir John PASHLEY 115 960845. Elizabeth WYDVILLE 115 960846. Sir Thomas GOWER 115 960848. Sir John KEMP 111 960850. Sir Thomas LEUKENER 111 960851. ____ HOO 111 960854. Robert CHICHELEY 960858. Sir Thomas DE ARUNDEL 115 960859. Joan MOYNE 115 960896. John HAYWARD 960897. Margery WEVER 961536. John HANSON 961537. Alice WOODHOUSE 961538->1060863. unknown
21TH GENERATION
1060864->1921537. unknown 1921538. James DONNETT 1921648->1921661. Royal Lineage 107 1921662. John MERBURY 107 1921666. Vincent HERBERT 115 1921688. Sir Robert PASHELY 115 1921689. Philippa CERGEAUX 115 1921690. Sir Richard WYDVILLE 115 1921691. Elizabeth LYONS 1921696. Raulf KEMP 111 1921702. Sir Thomas HOO 111 1921716. John DE ARUNDEL 1921717. Elizabeth DESPENSER 115 107 1921792. James HAYWARD 1923072. Henry DE RASTRICK 1923074. Henry DE WOODHOUSE 1923075->2121727. unknown
22ND GENERATION
2121728->3843075. unknown 3843076->3843327. Royal Lineage 107 3843328->3843375. unknown 3813382. Sir Thomas TUNSTALL 3843376. Robert PASHLEY 115 3843377. Anne HOWARD 115 3843378. Sir Richard CERGEAUX 115 3843379. Philippa FITZALAN 115 3843382. Sir John LYONS 3843432. John FITZALAN 3843433. Alianor MALTRAVERS 107 115 3843436->3846143. unknown 3846144. John DE RASTRICK 3846148. Alexander DE WOODHOUSE 3846149. Beatrice TOOTHILL 3846150->4243455. unknown
23RD GENERATION
4243456->7686151. unknown 7686152->7686655. Royal Lineage 107 7637760. Sir William PARR 7637761. Elizabeth de ROS 7686754. John HOWARD 115 7686756. Richard CERGEAUX 115 7686757. Margaret SENESCHAL 115 7686758. Edmund FITZALAN 115 7686759. Sibyl DE MONTEGU 115 7686864->7686865. Royal Lineage 107 7686866. Sir John MALTAVERS 107 7386867->8486910. unknown
 
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Person #232 Child Wife Father Mother <Previous><Next> A, D, G, 5, 6, ?
   Name: John Hart147 
   Born: prob 1713
  Place: Hopewell, Hunterdon co, New Jersey
   Died: May 11, 1779
  Place: Hunterdon co, New Jersey

  "For a man of so little formal education, it is remarkable that Mr. Hart was obviously regarded by men of superior training as a capable jurist. It must be remembered that his judgeship was the King's appointment, after nomination by the Governor, advised by his Council, which consisted mainly of lawyers, including those of the Supreme Court of the Province." - Cleon Hammond168

"Honest" John Hart was one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence. Earlier in the year, as a member of the New Jersey Provincial Congress, he signed this thirty shillings note. His wife, Deborah Scudder, died in October of the same year.

John's signature as it appears on the Declaration of Independence:

John Hart served with the Continental Congress for only about three months. Once independence was declared, and like other delegates to the Congress (Jefferson included), Hart felt he would best serve the new nation by returning home and working in the state assembly. It was at the state level, the delegates felt, the real action was occurring. It's largely because of his short tenure in Congress, advanced age (he was 64 at the time of the signing) and early death that he is not better known. But also, very little of his writing has been found. Transcriptions of his five surviving letters appear in Cleon Hammond's biography of Hart. This one appears on page 147:

Princeton, N.J.
September 12, 1776

To Francis Hopkinson, Esq.

Dear sir: I have now before me your favor of the 7th instant. I am sorry that you intend to resign the appointment of such an important office as one of the Judges of the Supreme Court of this State at this critical crisis when the assistance of every good man is wanted to add strength to our new Constitution, to which I know you are a staunch friend. Notwithstanding yours to me is to be considered as a private letter, I thought the public so much interested in the affair that I could not refrain letting some of your and my particular friends know something of your intention. They are no more at a loss to guess than myself what is the reason that you decide to accept. But as it is now out of our powers to make any alteration, they are desirous that you will please reconsider the matter and are of the opinion with me that it is best for you, as well as the public, to take upon yourself the office. I wish it was in my power to have a personal conference with you on this important affair, but as it is not at present, I must conclude with leaving these few broken hints to your serious consideration.

Great regard, your sincere friend
and humble servant,
John Hart

"...our new Constitution" is referring to the New Jersey State Constitution of 1776.

1848 Biographical Sketch

From Lives of the Signers of the Declaration of Independence (1848), by B J Lossing, pages 87-89 (WallBuilder Press edition):

One of the most unbending patriots of the Revolution was John Hart, the New Jersey farmer. His father, Edward Hart, was also a thrifty farmer, and a loyal subject of his King. In 1759 he raised a volunteer corps, which he named "The Jersey Blues," and joined Wolfe at Quebec in time to see that hero fall, but the English victorious. He then retired to his farm, and every afterward held a high place in the esteem and confidence of the people. The time of birth of his own son is not on record, and but few incidents of his early life are known.1

Mr. Hart pursued the avocation of his father, and was in quite independent circumstances when the Stamp Act and its train of evils attracted his attention, and aroused his sympathies for his oppressed countrymen in Boston, and elsewhere, where the heel of tyranny was planted. Although living in the secluded agricultural district of Hopewell, in Hunterdon county, yet he was fully conversant with the movements of public affairs at home and abroad, and he united with others in electing delegates to the Colonial Congress that convened in New York city, in 1765. From that time, until the opening scenes of the war, Mr. Hart was active in promoting the cause of freedom; and his fellow citizens manifested their appreciation of his services, by electing him a delegate to the first Continental Congress, 1774. He was re-elected in 1775, but finding that his estate and family affairs needed his services, he resigned his seat, and for a time retired from public life. He was, however, elected a member of the Provincial Congress of New Jersey, and was Vice President of that body.

The talents of Mr. Hart were considered too valuable to the public, to remain in an inactive state, and in February, 1776, he was again elected a delegate to the General Congress. He was too deeply impressed with the paramount importance of his country's claims, to permit him to refuse the office; and he took his seat again in that body, and voted and signed the Declaration of Independence.

Nothing would have seemed more inimical to Mr. Hart's private interests, than this act, which was the harbinger of open hostilities, for his estate was peculiarly exposed to the fury of the enemy. Nor was that fury withheld when New Jersey was invaded by the British and their mercenary allies, the Hessians. The signers of the Declaration everywhere were marked for the vengeance, and when the enemy made their conquering descent upon New Jersey,2 Mr. Hart's estate was among the first to feel the effects of the desolating inroad.3 The blight fell, not only upon his fortune, but upon his person, and he did not live to see the sunlight of Peace and Independence gladden the face of his country. He died in the year 1780 [sic] (the gloomiest period of the War of Independence), full of years and deserved honors.

[Footnotes from original text]


1. His contemporaries represent him as about sixty years of age when first elected to Congress. If so, he must have been born about the close of the reign of Queen Anne, 1714.
2. After the capture of Fort Washington, on York Island, in November, 1776, Lord Cornwallis crossed the Hudson at Dobb's Ferry, with six thousand men, and attacked Fort Lee opposite. To save themselves, the Americans were obliged to make a hasty retreat, leaving behind them their minions of war and all their stores. The garrison joined the main army at Hackensack which for three weeks fled across the level country of New Jersey, before the pursuing enemy, at the end of which time a bare remnant of it was left. The troops dispirited by late reverses, left in large numbers as fast as their term of enlistment expired, and returned to their homes; and by the last of November the American army numbered scarcely three thousand troops, independent of a detachment left at White Plains, under General Lee. The country was so level that it afforded no strong position to fortify; indeed, so necessarily rapid had been the retreat, that no time was allowed for pause to erect defenses. Newark, New Brunswick, Princeton, Trenton, and smaller places, successively fell into the hands of the enemy, and so hot was to pursuit, that the rear of the Americans was often in sight of the van of the British. On the eight of December, Washington and his army crossed the Delaware in boats, and Cornwallis arrived at Trenton just in time to see the last boat reach the Pennsylvanian shore. -- "1776, or the War of Independence," page 209.
3. Mr. Hart's family, having timely warning of the approach of the enemy in pursuit of Washington, fled to a place of safety. His farm was ravaged, his timber destroyed, his cattle and stock butchered for the use of the British army, and he himself was hunted like a noxious beast, not daring to remain two nights under the same roof. And it was not until Washington's success at the battle of Trenton, that this dreadful state of himself and his family ended.

Benjamin Rush is said to have describe Hart as "a plain, honest, well meaning Jersey farmer, with but little education, but with good sense and virtue enough to pursue the true interests of his country."2

Obituary

The following transcription of Hart's obituary was lifted from http://www.barefootsworld.net/johnhart.html.

May 19, 1779 - The New Jersey GAZETTE said: "On Tuesday the 11th instant, departed this life at his seat in Hopewell, JOHN HART, Esq., the Representative in General Assembly for the county of Hunterdon, and late Speaker of that House. He had served in the Assembly for many years under the former government, taken an early and active part in the present revolution, and continued to the day he was seized with his last illness to discharge the duties of a faithful and upright patriot in the service of his country in general and the county he represented in particular. The universal approbation of his character and conduct among all ranks of people, is the best testimony of his worth, and as it must make his death regretted and lamented, will ensure lasting respect to his memory."

Basic biographical data about John Hart can be found at

John Hart's "Portrait"

From Hammond's biography, page 106:

...it may come as a disappointment to many that the tradition "likeness" of John Hart does not, in fact, portray him. None of the evidence allows room for this possibility. On the contrary, all of the evidence is totally against it. Whose image Hall copied, or whether he simply fabricated the "original," will never be known. It is also evident that the possibility of still finding an authentic likeness of Hart, hidden in someone's attic, is non-existent in view of the many fruitless searches that must have begun so after his death.

There had been a tradition that three of John Hart's grandsons, for whom portraits exist, looked a lot like him. Hammond hired Charles Howard Waterhouse to make this composite portrait. (The name is printed wrong on this page in the book.) Later, a photograph of Joseph Hart, John's grandson, was located. Hammond believed that it served as evidence that this likeness of Hart is fairly accurate. I rather doubt that it looks anything like he did.

Hammond says,

In his concept, Waterhouse has captured both the character and personality associated with Mr Hart, and certainly demonstrated by his many endeavors and achievements.

Keep in mind that Hart was 64 years old when he signed the Declaration of Independence. In both portraits, he is depicted as a man about thirty years or more younger.

I find little about Waterhouse on the web. Hammond says that he was wounded at Iwo Jima and served as a combat artist in Viet Nam.

John Hart's Will, 1779

As found at http://laurellynn.com/genealogy/hart/john_hart.htm:

IN THE NAME OF GOD AMEN. I John Hart of ----------- Hopewell, in the County of Hunterdon, and in the State of New Jersey, being old and stricken in age, and labouring under infirmities of Body, but of sound and perfect Mind and Memory, Thanks be given unto Almighty God-therefore, and knowing that it is appointed for all men to die and after that the Judgment, do make and ordain this my last Will and Testament in manner and Form following (that is to say) first and principally I give and recommend my Soul into the Hands of Almighty God who gave it, and my Body to the Earth to be buried in a Christian and decent like manner at the Discretion of my Executors hereafter named, not doubting but to receive the same again at the General Resurrection by the Mighty Power of God, and as such touching all such Temporal Estate where with has pleased Almighty God to Bless me in this life, I give, devise & dispose of in the following manner, Imprimis, my Will is and I do Order, that all my just debts and Funeral Expenses be first paid & discharged.---------Item. I give and bequeath unto my Eldest Son Jesse Hart the House and Lot I lately purchased of Benjamin Stout, Jr. together with seventy nine acres and one quarter acre, including John Hobbs, the meeting house, and Benjamin Stout's Sr. lots, out of which Quantity their lots are to be subtracted and also ten acres and thirty-nine perches of woodland adjoining land of Widow Handle, the whole agreeable to the Division in a certain draught made thereof by Timothy Smith April 14th, 1779, to him his heirs, and assigns forever. Item, I give and bequeath unto my son Nathaniel Hart the Homestead Plantation whereon I now live containing about one hundred and ninety three Acres be the same more or less, divided Agreeable to the Draught above mentioned to him, his heirs & Assigns forever, upon condition he pays unto his Brother Daniel when he Arrives to the full Age of Twenty one years the sum of five hundred pounds and also to his Sister Deborah when she attains the full age of Eighteen years the Sum of Three Hundred Pounds, Item, I give & Bequeath my son Edward Hart one Hundred Acres whereupon my son Nathaniel now lives divided agreeable by a draught be the same more or less to him, his heirs t assigns forever, provided he pays the Sum of fifteen pounds Annually to be applied by my Executors for the bringing up and Educating my Grand Daughter Mary Hart the daughter of my son John Until She attains the full Age of Eighteen years, if in her case her Father does not provide for her before that time, which shall cease and determine as soon as her father takes her under his care and protection. Item. My will is and I do order my right and interest in two-thirds of an undivided right of three lots of Land with the Grist Mills and Fulling Mills thereon, all the appurtenances thereunto belonging situate at Rocky Hill in the country of Somerset be sold to the best advantage as soon as conveniently may be after my decease. Item. I give and bequeath unto my daughter Sarah Wikoff one hundred pound, Item give unto daughter Deborah one negro Girl name Hannah and remainder of my personal Estate to be sold immediately after my decease and all the residue of my Estate not disposed of as above said be the same more or less to be equally divided among all my children Male & Female Share and Share alike, And Provided either my son Daniel should die without Lawful issue before he attains to the age of twenty one years or my Daughter Deborah before she attains the age of eighteen and Become the property of my surviving children Male or Female Share and Share alike and further, tis my will the Legacies hereon Bequeathed to my Daughter Sarah be paid her out of the first money that comes to the Hands of my executors after the discharge of my just debts---1 do hereby constitute and appoint my three sons, viz, Jesse, Nathaniel, Edward and my brothers Son Levi Hart executors of my last Will & Testament giving & granting unto the said Levi Hart Executor last mentioned Power & Authority to Retain in His Hands a sum Sufficient (at the discretion of my Executors) for the Support and maintenance of my aged mother during her natural Life and after her decease (if not all expended) to be equally divided in the same manner as the remainder of my Estate is herein ordered to be divided, and I do hereby invest my Executors with full Power and Authority to Sell my Real Estate herein ordered to be sold and execute all; such Deeds of conveyance as the case may require and as the Law directs, intreating them to observe that the same is carefully performed and done, And I do hereby Revoke all other and former Wills by me herefore made by me, declaring this only to be my last Will & Testament in WITNESS whereof I have hereunto set my Hand and Seal the Sixteenth Day of April in the year of our Lord one Thousand Seven Hundred Seventy Nine 1779.

Signed, Sealed Published And
Proved by the said John Hart to be His Last
Will & Testament in the presence of
Jared Sexton Jesse Pettit John Hart
Andrew Barton

(Above witnesses swore they saw the above John Hart sign his Name to his last will and testament).

Jesse, Nathaniel, Edward, and Levi Hart also swore on the 26th day of May, 1779 they will duly perform the same.



An Inventory of all and Singular the goods and chattels, rights & credits of John Hart Esq. late of Hopewell in the county of Hunterdon, deceased as taken & appraised by us the subscribers. May 17, 1779.

Note

The descent from John Hart is described in at least two books. The Hart's of Randolph by Katherine Hart Frame (1976) is a superbly researched and documented genealogy. The New Jersey volume (Vol.3) of Descendants of the Signers of the Declaration of Independence also has the Hart lineage. The McDowells begin on page 224, and the Hogues are found on pages 474 and 569.1

1. Pyne, Rev. Frederick Wallace, Descendants of the Signers of the Declaration of Independence, volume 3 (Rockport, Maine: Picton Press, 1998).

2. Staller, Grace Keiper. "John Hart". The Society of the Descendants of the Signers of the Declaration of Independence, 11 December 2011, http://www.dsdi1776.com/signers-by-state/john-hart/.



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