My Ahnentafel
Definition | 14-gen | GEDCOM

1.1. Michael Hugh COOLEY 1.2. Lonnie Rae COOLEY
2ND GENERATION
2. Allison Claude COOLEY 3. Billie Dell HOGUE
3RD GENERATION
4. McCabe COOLEY 5. Marie Henrietta HENNEQUIN 6. Hugh Wallace HOGUE 7. Birdie Nina MCDOWELL
4TH GENERATION
8. Joseph William COOLEY 9. Araminta D JOHNSON 10. Louis Francois HENNEQUIN 11. Marguerite STEWARD 12. Robert Irwin HOGUE 13. Nancy Joanna FOSTER 14. William Ellis MCDOWELL 15. Euphemia Ruth ASHENHURST
5TH GENERATION
16. Greenbury COOLEY 17. Amelia Mohler PETTIT 18. Wesley Phillip JOHNSON 19. Susan Isabel FISK 20. Louis HENNEQUIN 21. Maria Theresa DRAVIGNEY 22. John Joseph STORDEUR 23. Stephany LAURENT 24. John HOGUE 25. Ann R SIMPSON 26. John A FOSTER 27. Martha Jane STRUTHERS 28. William Erwin MCDOWELL 29. Maria HART 30. Oliver Taylor ASHENHURST 31. Sara Eva SOUTHERN
6TH GENERATION
32. David COOLEY 33. Laurinda AIKEN 34. Joseph PETTET 35. Elizabeth MOHLER 36. Elijah JOHNSON 37. Anna Jane FOSTER 38. Edward Curtis FISK 39. Arminta D WOOD 40. Xavier HANNEQUIN 41. Marie Magdeleine BELOT 42. Pierre Joseph DRAVIGNEY 43. Marie Therese GILBERT 44. Joseph STORDEUR 45. Marie Therese HUENS 46. Jean Baptiste LAURENT 47. Jeaninne VANDERMEULEN 48. James HOGUE 49. Margaret IRWIN 50. Isaac SIMPSON 51. Elizabeth RICHARDSON 52. Samuel FOSTER 53. Nancy ____ 54. James STRUTHERS 55. Elizabeth SAVILLE 56. John MCDOWELL 57. Anna CURRY 58. Joseph HART Sr 59. Susan PICKENS 60. Oliver ASHENHURST 61. Euphemia BISHOP 62. Charles William SOUTHERN 63. Ruth Ruema HOOVER
7TH GENERATION
64. John COOLEY 65. Sela WRIGHT 66. William AKINS 67. Rebecca MCCLINTICK 73. Ruth ____ ? 76. John R FISK 77. Mahala KEMP 78. John WOOD 79. Charity CORSON 80. Claude HENNEQUIN 81. Marie JUILLARD 82. Jean BELOT 83. Jeanne HUOT 85. Jeanne Claude DRAVIGNEY 86. Josph GILBERT 87. Agathe LANGARD 88. Mathieu STORDEUR 89. Marie SNAPS 90. John Joseph HUENS 102. Matthew RICHARDSON 103. Ann STOCKTON 104. James Couples FOSTER 105. Jane MORROW 108. William STRUTHERS 109. Janet LINDSAY 110. Robert SAVILLE 111. Deborah ____ 112. John MCDOWELL 113. Jane ERWIN 116. Edward HART 117. Nancy Ann STOUT 118. John PICKENS 120. William ASHENHURST 121. Nancy ASHENHURST 122. Peter BISHOP 123. Elizabeth MYERS 124. John SOUTHERN 125. Elizabeth DUNCAN 126. John HOOVER? 127. unknown
8TH GENERATION
128. Edward COOLEY 129. Martha RAPER 130. William WRIGHT 131. Martha MORGAN 132. William EAKIN 133. Mary WALLACE 134. John MCCLINTICK 135. Mary Jane MCDOWELL 152. Richard FISK 154. William KEMP 155. Sukey DAMANT 158. Eli CORSON 159. Christianna THOMPSON 204. Matthew Richardson Sr 206. Richard Witham STOCKTON 207. Mary Ann HATFIELD 210. Samuel ? MORROW ? 218. James LINDSAY 219. Margaret WATSON 220. Samuel SAVILLE 221. Ann BOOTH 224. John MCDOWELL 225. Esther HARRISON 226. William ERWIN 227. Mary ERWIN 228. Dr Robert CURRY 229. Ann CURRY 232. John HART Signer 233. Deborah SCUDDER 234. St Leger Codd STOUT 235. Susannah SIMPSON 244. Peter BISHOP 245. Margaret 246. Christopher MYERS 247. Euphemia LINGO? 248. William SOUTHERN 249. Magdelaine FORD 250. Charles DUNCAN 251. Margaret KIRK 252. Michael Hoover Sr 253. Mary Jones 252->255. unknown
9TH GENERATION
256. John COOLEY 257. poss Sarah MATTHEWS 258. Thomas RAPER 259. Martha HAM 260. Richard WRIGHT Sr 103 261. Ann 262. James MORGAN 263. Mary DAVIS 268. William MCCLINTICK 316. Jacob CORSON Jr 317. Charity STILLWELL 318. Benajah TOMSON 319. Prudence ELDREDGE 412. Samuel STOCKTON 413. Rachel STOUT 414. Joseph HATFIELD 415. Phoebe CLARK 442. Robert BOOTH 443. Ann GASTON 452. John ERWIN 453. Jane WILLIAMS 454. Francis ERWIN 455. Jane CURRY 456. William CURRY 457. Sarah YOUNG 458. John YOUNG 459. Elizabeth KINGDOM 464. Capt Edward HART 465. Martha FURMAN 466. Richard Betts SCUDDER Jr 468. James STOUT 469. Mary Ann CODD 496. John SOUTHERN ? 497. Margaret KIDD ? 500. Charles DUNCAN 502. John KIRK Sr 503. Margaret BROOKS 504. Sebastian HOOVER 505. Catherine MEULLER 514. James MATTHEWS Sr ? 520. Philbert WRIGHT 521. Esther BECRAFT 504->517. unknown
10TH GENERATION
518->823. unknown 632. Jacob CORSON Sr 633. Naomi 634. Nicholas STILLWELL 635. Sara HAND 824. Richard STOCKTON 825. Susannah WITHAM 826. Col Joseph STOUT 827. Ruth BRYMSON 828. Abraham HATFIELD 829. Phoebe OGDEN 830. John CLARK 904. Edward ERWIN 905. Frances FRANCIS 908. see 904 909. see 905 910. William CURRY 911. Sally YOUNG 914. John YOUNG 920. See 914 928. John HART 2nd 929. Mary HUNT 930. Josiah FURMAN 2nd 931. Sarah STRICKLAND 932. Richard Betts SCUDDER Sr 933. Hannah REEDER 936. see 826 937. see 827 938. Capt St Leger CODD 939. Mary HANSON 992. John SOUTHERN 993. Catherine BARRON 940->1035. unknown 1042. Peter BECRAFT
11TH GENERATION
1036->1263. unknown 1264. Jan CARSTENSEN 1265. Maria Elias DAAS 1268. John STILLWELL Jr 1270. George HAND 1648. Richard STOCKTON 1649. Abigail ____ 1650. Robert WITHAM 1651. Ann STRAINERIDGE 1652. Jonathan STOUT 1653. Anne BOLLEN 1654. Daniel BRYMSON 1655. Frances GREENLAND 1656. Matthias HATFIELD 1657. Mariken MELYN 1660. Richard CLARK 1856. John HART 1st 1857. Mary ____ 1858. Ralph HUNT 1859. Elizabeth JESSUP 1860. Josiah FURMAN 1st 1862. Edmund STRICKLAND 1863. Hannah ____ 1864. John SCUDDER Jr 1865. Joanna BETTS 1866. John REEDER 2nd 1867. Hannah BURROUGHS 1876. Col St Leger CODD 115 1877. Anna BENNETT 115 1878. Col Hans HANSON 1879. Martha Kelts WOODARD 1984. Capt John SOUTHERN 1986. Andrew BARRON 1988. Thomas KIDD 1989. Jane WILLIS 1990. Robert CHOWNING Jr 1991. Ann POOLE 1880->2071. unknown
12TH GENERATION
2072->2079. unknown 2528. Carsten JANSEN 2529. Barbara 2530. Elias DAAS 2536. John STILLWELL 2537. Elizabeth PERRIN 2540. Thomas HAND 2541. Katherine STUBBS 3304. Richard STOUT 3305. Penelope VAN PRINCIS 3306. Capt James BOLLEN 3307. Anne VAUQUELLIN 3308. William BRINSDON 3309. Margaret ____ 3310. Dr Henry GREENLAND 3311. Mary BAREFOOT 3312. Thomas HATFIELD 3313. Anna 3314. Cornelius MELYN 3316. John OGDEN 3317. Jane BOND 3320. Richard CLARK 3321. Elizabeth MOORE 3718. Edward JESSUP 3719. Elizabeth BRIDGES 3720. John FURMAN 3721. Susan BUSH 3728. John SCUDDER Sr 3729. Mary KING 3730. Capt Richard BETTS 3731. Joanna CHAMBERLAYNE 3732. John REEDER 1st 3733. Hannah THORPE 3734. Jeremiah BURROUGHS 3735. Hannah WAY 3752. Col William CODD 115 3753. Lady Mary ST LEGER 115 3754. Gov Richard BENNETT 3755. Mary Ann LONGWORTH 113 106 3756. Andrew HANSON 3757. Annika ____ 3972. Robert BARRON 3980. Robert CHOWNING Sr 3981. Joanne HITCHCOCK 3982. Thomas POOLE 3758->4143. unknown
13TH GENERATION
4144->4159. unknown 5072. William STILLWELL 5073. Hannah 5074. Daniel PERRIN 5075. Elizabeth 5080. John HAND 5081. Elizabeth GRANSDEN 6592. John STOCKTON 6593. Eleanor CLAYTON 6608. John STOUT 6609. Elizabeth BEE 6614. Robert VAUQUELLIN 6615. Jeanette 6622. Capt Walter BAREFOOT 6632. Richard OGDEN 6633. Elizabeth HUNTINGTON 6640. Richard CLARK 6642. Thomas MOORE 6643. Martha YOUNGS 7456. Thomas SCUDDER 7457. Elizabeth LOWERS 7458. William KING 7459. Dorothy HAYNES 7460. John BETTES 7461. Mary BIGGS 7462. Rev Robert CHAMBERLAYNE 7463. Elizabeth STOUGHTON 7466. William THORPE 7467. Garthered BLITHE 7468. John BURROUGHS 7469. Johanna JESSUP 7470. James WAY 7504. William CODD 7505. Hester LAMPORD 7506. Sir Warham ST LEGER 115 7507. Dame Mary HAYWARD 115 7508. Thomas BENNETT 7509. Anstie Tomson SPICER 7512. John HANSON 7511->8287. unknown
14TH GENERATION
8288->8319. unknown 10144. Nicholas STILLWELL 10145. Ann 10148. Pierre PERRIN 10149. Andrienne JUBRIL 10160. John HAND 10161. Joan SIMMONS 10162. Henry GRANSDEN 13284. Thomas MOORE 13624. Edward OGDEN 13624. Margaret WILSON 14912. Henry SCUDDER 14913. ____ LOWERS 14914. John LOWERS 14920. Alexander BETTES 14921. Joan LARKYN 14926. Rev Thomas STOUGHTON 14927. Katherine 14936. Jeremiah BURROUGHS 14938. John JESSUP 14939. Joanna KERRICH 15012. Sir Anthony ST LEGER 115 15013. Mary SCOTT 115 15014. Sir Rowland HAYWARD 115 15015. Katherine SMYTHE 15016. Robert BENNETT 15017. Elizabeth EDNEY 15024. Col. John HANSON 15025. Frances PRICHARD 15026->16575. unknown
15TH GENERATION
16576->20289. unknown 20298. Jean JUBRIL 20299. Juvine LOMBARD 20326. William GRANSDEN 20327. Ann 26528. William OGDEN 26529. Abigail GOODSALL 26530. Richard WILSON 26531. Margaret 29792. William de STIRKELAUNDE 29840. Robert BETTS 29876. Francis JESSOP 29877. Frances WHITE 30024. Sir Warham ST LEGER 115 30025. Lady Ursula NEVILLE 107 115 30026. Sir Thomas SCOTT 115 30027. Elizabeth BAKER 115 30028. George HAYWARD 30029. Margaret WITHBROKE 30030. Sir Thomas SMYTHE 30031. Alice JUDDE 30032. John BENNETT 30033. Margery 30034. John EDNYE 30048. Thomas HANSON 30049. Janet G GLEDHILL 30050. John PRICHARD 30051->33151. unknown
16TH GENERATION
33152->33279. unknown 53056. Richard OGDEN 53057. Mabel de HOOGAN 53058. Henry GOODSALL 59584. William de STIRKELAUNDE 59752. Richard JESSOP 59753. Ann SWIFT 59754. Alexander WHITE 59755. Eleanor SMITH 60048. Sir Anthony St LEGER 111 60049. Agnes WARHAM 112 60050. George NEVILLE 60051. Lady Mary STAFFORD 60052. Sir Reginald SCOTT 115 60053. Emiline KEMP 115 60054. Sir John BAKER 115 60055. Elizabeth DINLEY 115 60056. John HAYWARD 60060. John SMYTHE 60061. Joan BROUNCKER 60062. Andrew JUDDE 60057. Agnes GLOVER 60096. John HANSON 60097. Agnes SAVILE 60098. John GLEDHILL 60099->66303. unknown
17TH GENERATION
66304->66559. unknown 106112. Robert OGDEN 106113. Joan 106114. Johannes de HOOGAN 119504. William JESSOP 119505. Emotte CHARLESWORTH 119506. Robert SWIFT 119508. Thomas WHITE 119510. William SMITH 119511. Katherine PORTER 120096. Ralph St LEGER 120097. Anne HART 120098. Heughe WARHAM 112 120099. Mary Ann COLLES 120100. George NEVILLE 120101. Margaret FENNE 120102. Edward STAFFORD 120103. Eleanor PERCY 120104. Sir John SCOTT 115 120105. Anne (Amy) PYMPE 115 120106. Sir William KEMP 111 115 120107. Elynor BROWNE 111 115 120108. Richard BAKER 120109. Elizabeth DYNELEY 120110. Thomas DINLEY 115 120112. William HAYWARD 120113. Agnes BALLY 120122. Robert BROUNCKER 120192. John HANSON 120193. Catherine BROOKE 120194. John SAVILE Esq. 120195. Margery GLEDHILL 120196->132607. unknown
18TH GENERATION
132608->132608. unknown 239020. Thomas SMITH 239021. Margaret CLARKE 239022. Augustine PORTER 240192. Ralph ST LEGER 240193. Anne PROPHET 240194. Sir Edward HART 240196. Robert WARHAM 240197. Elizabeth ____ 240198. Geoffrey COLLES 240200->240207. Royal Lineage 107 240202. Hugh FENNE 240208. Sir William SCOTT 115 240209. Sybil LEWKNOR 115 240210. Reginald DE PYMPE 115 240211. Elizabeth PASHLEY 115 240212. Sir Thomas KEMP 111 115 240213. Emelyn CHICHE 111 115 240214. Robert BROWNE 111 240215. Mary MALLETT 115 240218. Thomas DYNELEY 240224. William HAYWARD 240225. Elizabeth BROCKTON 240226. William BALLY 240384. John HANSON 240385. Cicely RAVENSHAW 240386. John BROOKE 240390. John GLEDHILL 240391->265215. unknown
19TH GENERATION
265216->266241. unknown 480384. Ralph ST LEGER 480385. Margaret TYRREL 480404. Thomas FENNE 480400->480415. Royal Lineage 107 480416. Sir John SCOTT 480417. Agnes BEAUFITZ 480418. John LEWKNOR 115 480420. Sir William DE PYMPE 115 480421. Elizabeth WHETEHILL 480422. Sir John PASHELY 115 480423. Lowys GOWER 115 480424. Thomas KEMP 111 480425. Beathris LEUKENER 111 480426. Sir Valentine CHICHE 480427. Philippa CHICHELEY 480428. Sir Thomas BROWNE 111 115 480429. Alianor DE ARUNDEL 115 480430. William MALLETT 115 480448. William HAYWARD 480449. Jane WILCOCKES 480450. William BROCKTON 480768. John HANSON 480769. Cicely DE WINDEBANKE 480770. John RAVENSHAW 480826. Vincent CHICHELE 115 480827->530431. unknown
20TH GENERATION
516808. Hugh FENNE 530432->960767. unknown 960768. John ST LEGER 960769. Margery DONNETT 960824->960829. Royal Lineage 107 960830. Sir Walter D'EVEREAUX 107 960831. Elizabeth MERBURY 107 960832. William SCOTT 960833. Isabella HERBERT 960834. William DE BEAUFITZ 960842. Sir Richard WHETEHILL 960844. Sir John PASHLEY 115 960845. Elizabeth WYDVILLE 115 960846. Sir Thomas GOWER 115 960848. Sir John KEMP 111 960850. Sir Thomas LEUKENER 111 960851. ____ HOO 111 960854. Robert CHICHELEY 960858. Sir Thomas DE ARUNDEL 115 960859. Joan MOYNE 115 960896. John HAYWARD 960897. Margery WEVER 961536. John HANSON 961537. Alice WOODHOUSE 961538->1060863. unknown
21TH GENERATION
1060864->1921537. unknown 1921538. James DONNETT 1921648->1921661. Royal Lineage 107 1921662. John MERBURY 107 1921666. Vincent HERBERT 115 1921688. Sir Robert PASHELY 115 1921689. Philippa CERGEAUX 115 1921690. Sir Richard WYDVILLE 115 1921691. Elizabeth LYONS 1921696. Raulf KEMP 111 1921702. Sir Thomas HOO 111 1921716. John DE ARUNDEL 1921717. Elizabeth DESPENSER 115 107 1921792. James HAYWARD 1923072. Henry DE RASTRICK 1923074. Henry DE WOODHOUSE 1923075->2121727. unknown
22ND GENERATION
2121728->3843075. unknown 3843076->3843327. Royal Lineage 107 3843328->3843375. unknown 3813382. Sir Thomas TUNSTALL 3843376. Robert PASHLEY 115 3843377. Anne HOWARD 115 3843378. Sir Richard CERGEAUX 115 3843379. Philippa FITZALAN 115 3843382. Sir John LYONS 3843432. John FITZALAN 3843433. Isabella MORTIMER 3843436->3846143. unknown 3846144. John DE RASTRICK 3846148. Alexander DE WOODHOUSE 3846149. Beatrice TOOTHILL 3846150->4243455. unknown
23RD GENERATION
4243456->7686151. unknown 7686152->7686655. Royal Lineage 107 7637760. Sir William PARR 7637761. Elizabeth de ROS 7686754. John HOWARD 115 7686756. Richard CERGEAUX 115 7686757. Margaret SENESCHAL 115 7686758. John FITZALAN 7686759. Maude DE VERDON 7686760. Roger MORTIMER 7686761. Maud DE BRAOSE 7686864->7686866. Royal Lineage 107 7386867->8486910. unknown


 
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Person #3754 Child Wife Father Mother <Previous><Next> A, D, G, 5, 6, ?
Name: Richard Bennett Born: by April 1608 Place: Wiveliscombe, Somerset, England Chris'd: 6 Aug 1609 Place: Wiveliscombe, Somerset, England Died: 12 Apr 1675 Place: Nansemond Co, Virginia Buried: Married: about 1641 Place:

Richard Bennett was born in Wiveliscombe, Somerset, England in 1608. He arrived in Virginia at the age of twenty and was elected to the General Assembly in 1629, representing his uncle's estate, Warrosquoake. During the English Civil War, the Royal Governor of the colony, Sir William Berkeley, surrendered to representatives of the English Parliament and Bennett was unanimously elected governor by the Virginia House of Burgesses. He held that position from 1652 to 1655.

From Vision of Britain, http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/place/place_page.jsp?p_id=25.

In 1870-72, John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales described Wiveliscombe like this:

"WIVELISCOMBE-popularly Wilscombe-a small town, a parish, and a subdistrict, in Wellington district, Somerset. The town stands on a 1ow hill,51/2 miles NW of Wellington r. station; is traditionally said to have been built by the Saxons, when driven by the Danes from Castle hill, which had been occupied by the Romans; was given by Edward the Confessor to the cathedral of Wells, and had a palace of the Bishops; is now a seat of petty sessions and a polling place; consists of several streets, with some good modern houses and a number of old ones; and has a post-office++ under Wellington, Somerset, a banking office two chief inns, a police station, a town hall, a church rebuilt in 1829, Independent and Wesleyan chapels, a national school, a dispensary, charities ?100, a very large brewery, a weekly market on Tuesday, great markets on the last Tuesday of Feb. and July, and fairs on 12 May and 25 Sept. The parish includes four hamlets, and comprises 5,984 acres. Real property, ?13,958; of which ?120 are in gasworks. Pop., 2,735. Houses, 607. The manor belongs to Lord Ashburton. There are slate quarries, and remains of Roman and Danish camps. The living is a vicarage in the diocese of Bath and Wells. Value, ?300. Patron, the Prebendary of Wiveliscombe.-The sub-district contains 4 parishes. Acres, 10,949. Pop., 3,526. Houses, 764."

And here's a similar description from The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland (1868), transcribed by Colin Hinson:

"WIVELISCOMBE, a parish and market town in the hundred of Kingsbury West, county Somerset, 15 miles S.W. of Bridgwater, 11 W. of Taunton, and 6 N. of Wellington railway station. It is situated in a comb, or valley, from which circumstance it takes its name, under the Maundown hills, and includes the chapelry of Fitzhead, the town of Wiveliscombe, and the hamlets of Croford, Ford, Langley, West Town, and Whitfield. It was a place of importance under the Saxons, and had a palace in the 15th century, belonging to the Bishops of Wells, to whom the manor was originally given by Edward the Confessor. It is a polling place for the county elections, and is governed by a bailiff, portreeve, and other officers, but is under the jurisdiction of the county magistrates, who hold petty sessions on the third Tuesday in each month. The population is close upon 3,000. The town is lighted with gas, and contains a townhall, police station, dispensary, reading-rooms, and branch bank. Here is situated the largest brewery in the W. of England."

From Public Record Office, High Court of the Admiralty (HCA):

1656/7. Bennet, Richard, Esq., of Virginia, now in London, aged 49, born at Wilscombe, Somerset.

John Bennett Boddie, in Seventeenth Century Isle of Wight County Virginia, quoted from the Virginia Magazine (Vol 30, page 360),1

At a Court James City 29 March 1628, Richard Bennet, aged 20 years, sworne and examined, sayth that Captain Preen or his assignes received satisfaction of Mr. Edward Bennett for the passage of two men in ye Hopewell, 1623 to be delivered to Virginia.

His age is in close approximation to that stated in the record from the High Court of the Admiralty. We can accept that it's accurate and that Bennett was born some time before April of 1608 and not on the date of his christening, as is too often stated in online genealogies.

The above-quoted court record is the first mention of Bennett in Virginia records. He was preceded in the management of his uncle Edward Bennett's estate, Bennett's Welcome, at Warrosquoake (later changed to Isle of Wight), by Edward's brothers Robert and Richard, and, finally, by Edward himself in 1628. We can assume that Edward returned to London a short time later because his nephew, Richard, was elected to the General Assembly as representative for Warrosquoake the following year. Over the next decade Richard Bennett became a large landowner and successful politician and was appointed to the twelve-member Governor's Council in 1642. That same year, because of a scarcity of Puritan ministers, Bennett sent his brother, Phillip, to Boston for recruits, and a congregation of 118 members was soon organized.19 Joseph Dunn wrote in his history of Nansemond County, Virginia (1907),

The rapid growth of the Independents disturbed the mind of the authorities and active measures were taken to suppress them. Religion and politics were practically synonymous in those days and Independence in religion spelled disloyalty in politics. England was in the midst of the fierce struggle between King and Parliament, and Virginia was loyalist to the core.13

Sir William Berkeley, a favorite of King Charles I, was appointed governor the same year Bennett assumed his place on the Governor's Council. Interestingly, Berkeley was born in Bruton, Somersetshire, just more than fifty miles from Bennett's own home town of Wiveliscombe. The men, undoubtedly, would have recognized the fact early on. But the similarity between the two probably stops there — with ages and places of origin: Bennett was from a family of tanners and successful businessmen. Berkeley was born into the aristocracy. His father, Sir Maurice, was a knighted politician and soldier whose lineage dated back to the twelfth century. His elder brother, Charles, was the 2nd Viscount Fitzhardinge, and the next eldest, John, the 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton. Still, although the men soon became political rivals, they appear to have set their differences aside in later life.

Sir Francis Wyatt handed over the governorship to Berkeley on 8 March 1642. Only a year later, in March 1643, the new governor instructed the House of Burgesses to enact the following law:

ACT LXIV.
FFOR the preservation of the puritie of doctrine & vnitie of the church, It is enacted that all ministers whatsoever which shall reside in the collony are to be conformable to the orders and constitutions of the church of England, and the laws therein established, and not otherwise to be admitted to teach or preach publickly or privatly, And that the Gov. and Counsel do take care that all nonconformists vpon notice of them shall be compelled to depart the collony with all conveniencie.12

Church leaders were banished and exiled. Some were imprisoned, and the Puritan community as a whole was disarmed. On 15 July 1642, Virginia Puritan leader Rev William Durand wrote to Rev John Davenport of the New Haven Colony that "if ever the lord had cause to consume the cittyes of Sodom and Gomorrah he might justly and more severely execute his wrath upon Virginia."22 Durand's continued activism led to his banishment to Maryland in 1648. After the beheading of King Charles in 1649, Governor Berkeley offered asylum to "royalist gentlemen" and proclaimed Charles II the King of Virginia.

Virginia existed by charter from the King. But Maryland was a proprietorship under the the 2nd Baron Baltimore, Cecilius Calvert. Although a Catholic, Baltimore was sympathetic to the Protestants, if largely to keep peace with Parliament. In 1649 he elevated the lukewarm Puritan and Virginia, William Stone to the governorship, and Stone in April the same year, passed the Maryland Toleration Act, which further encouraged emigration to Maryland. Bennett and Edward Lloyd, both having been "presented by the Sheriff of [Nansemond County, Virginia] for seditions sectuaries, for not repairing to their church and for refusing to hear common prayer" crossed the Chesapeake Bay with ten families, founding the Puritan settlement of Providence, the site from which Annapolis sprung. More than a thousand Virginian Protestants soon followed,15 and Bennett established a new plantation at Towne Neck18

Despite the Toleration Act, which promised political protection to all Christians, the Puritans were concerned that its benefactors, Lord Baltimore and William Stone, were Royalists, and that the act was an instrument for the King. According to one source, Bennett returned to England to confer with Parliament.24 His purpose and actions while there are unknown, but in 1651 Parliament empaneled a commission of five — Captain Robert Denis, Richard Bennett, Colonel Thomas Stegge, a former Speaker of the House of Burgesses (1642-1643), Captain William Claiborne, who had a nefarious history in Maryland, and Captain Edmund Curtis — to reduce "Virginia and Maryland to their due obedience to the Commonwealth of England." Two fleets were dispatched that October. The first was commanded by Sir George Ayscue and relieved Barbados of royal sympathizers. A second fleet of fifteen vessels commanded by Robert Denis, and carrying six hundred men, sailed for Virginia. Denis and Stegge lost their lives on the frigate John, along with eight other ships, in a storm.16 The four remaining ships, including the 30-gun frigate Guinea under the command of Captain Edmund Curtis, arrived in Virginia the next January.20

Berkeley, intending to resist, stationed twelve hundred soldiers in and around Jamestown. But with the flight to France of Charles II and the loss of Barbados to Commonwealth forces, he decided to negotiate. He surrendered his office on 12 March 1652 and was permitted to retire to his estate, Green Spring Plantation. Almost immediately, Bennett and Claiborne, perhaps at the head of a small army, went into Maryland and proclaimed the dissolution of the government. Maryland governor William Stone resigned his post on 29 March and a commission of six, including Bennett, was appointed to administer the province. The next day the House of Burgesses unanimously elected Bennett as governor and on 5 May signed into law the Treaty of Jamestown, Virginia's formal surrender to the English Parliament. The power to govern the colony was relinquished to the House of Burgesses, making the body a colonial facsimile of the House of Commons in England. Stone, who seems to have regularly bent with the prevailing winds, was allowed to re-assume the title of governor of governor in Maryland, but the power of state remained with the two Parliamentary Commissioners, Richard Bennett and William Claiborne who, in turn, empaneled a commission of ten to run the every day affairs of Maryland.26 Later that year, Bennett led negotiations with the Susquehannock and, on 28 June, signed a treaty, which ceded large tracts of land to the English, including that on which Annapolis now stands. It was signed by Richard Bennett, Edward Lloyd, Thomas Marsh, William Fuller, and Leonard Strong.11

Bennett's career and the political life in the Tidewater region settled down during the next three years, and Berkeley quietly continued his botanical research and correspondences at Green Spring House. By all accounts, Bennett ran the business of the colony with a steady hand. But he and like-minded Virginians were of the opinion that the whole region, including the lands the Calverts declared dominion over, should be rejoined with Virginia. Captain William Fuller, one of Maryland's ten commissioners, sought a militant solution and pressed the matter in possibly unwarranted means. But Cromwell, busy in keeping in revolution alive in England, and anxious to keep the peace with Lord Baltimore, sent a stern warning to Bennett and Claiborne:

Whereas the differences between the Lord Baltimore and the inhabitants of Virginia concerning the bounds by them respectively claimed, are depending before our Council and yet undetermined; and whereas we are credibly informed you have notwithstanding gone into his plantation in Maryland and countenanced some people there in opposing the Lord Baltimore's officers, whereby, and with other forces from Virginia, you have much disturbed that colony and people, to the endangering of tumults and much bloodshed there, if not timely prevented: We, therefore, at the request of the Lord Baltimore, and of divers other persons of quality here, who are engaged by great adventures in his interest, do for preventing of disturbances or tumults there, will and require you and all others deriving any authority from you, to forbear disturbing the Lord Baltimore, or his officers or people in Maryland; and to permit all things to remain as they were before any disturbance or alteration made by you, or by any other upon pretense of authority from you, till the said differences above mentioned be determined by us here, and we give farther order therein.27

However it came to pass, Bennett didn't manage control of the situation as instructed by Cromwell. William Stone, who was still provisionally, if contested, the official governor of Maryland, began to react to Fuller's provocations. He raised a force of several hundred royalists with which to secure, once again, the province in the name of Lord Baltimore. Captain Fuller organized an equally strong Parliamentary force and confronted the would-be rebels on 25 March 1655 near Bennett's Maryland plantation, at Horn Point along the Severn River (now part of Annapolis). This engagement is known to history as the Battle of the Severn. Governor Stone, along with thirty-two others, was wounded. Seventeen of the royalist troops were killed, and four of them executed following the battle; and that would have been Stone's fate had cooler heads not prevailed. As it turned out, this was the only battle on North American soil in regards to the English Civil War, the first time that American met American in battle, and the last battle in Parliament's war with its own state.

Bennett surely understand the enormous political consequences of the action and resigned the governorship a week later. Curiously, only the day before, on March 30, Berkeley sold one of his Jamestown homes to "Richard Bennett, Esq. Governour of Virginia."29 Later that year, the government of Virginia, now under the stewardship of Governor Edward Digges, received the expected letter from Cromwell. It's noteworthy that Bennett is referred to as Colonel Bennett:

Whitehall, 26th September, 1655

It seems by yours of the 29th of June and by the relation we received by Colonel Bennet, that some mistake or scruple hath arisen concerning the sense of our letters of the 12th of January last; as if by our letters we had intimated that we would have a stop put to the proceedings of those commissioners who were authorized to settle the civil government of Maryland. Which was not at all in tended by us; nor so much as proposed to us by those who made addresses to us to obtain our said letter; but our intention (as our said letter doth plainly import) was only to prevent and forbid any force or violence to be offered by either of the plantations of Virginia or Maryland, from one to the other, upon the differences concerning their bounds; the said differences being then under the consideration of Ourself and Council here, which, for your more full satisfaction, we have thought fit to signify to you; and rest

Your loving friend

Oliver P.28

The initial P refers to, incidentally, "Protector."

[timeline to be developed here]

Toward the end of his life, Bennett became interested in Quakerism, if not actually converting. William Edmundson, a preacher who came to the colonies from England with George Fox's party in 1672, wrote of Bennett,

Richard Bennett, alias, Major General Richard Bennett and Colonel Teve, with others, and a great many Friends, some came a great way to that meeting.... He was glad to hear there was such care and order among us and wished it had been so with others. He further said he was a man of great estate, and many of our Friends were mean [poor] men, therefore he desired to contribute with them. He likewise asked me how I was treated by the Governor, he having heard that I was with him. I told him that he was brittle and peevish, and I could get nothing fastened on him. He asked me if the Governor called me Dog, Rogue, etc? I said, No, he did not call me so. Then said he, you took him in his best humor they being his usual terms when angry, for he is an enemy to every appearance of good. They were tender and loving, so we parted, the Major General desiring to see me at his house, which I was willing to do, and accordingly went. He was a brave, solid, wise man, received the truth, and he died in the same, leaving two Friends his executors.2

Richard Bennett's Family

Various web accounts state that Richard married twice and try to assign several children to the first marriage. This is due, at least in part, to confusion between the governor and Richard Bennett Sr (1625-1709) of Blackwater, the probable son of Thomas Bennett of Mulberry Island. He is also often confused with his uncle, Richard Bennett, who had managed Edward Bennett's estate until his death in 1626. He left a wife and five children in England. In any case, if the former governor did have additional children, they were not named in his will (below).

Anne Bennett c1642-1687 She m1 Theodorick Bland of Westover, m2 Col St Leger Codd.
Richard Bennett Jr c1644-1676 Married Henrietta Maria Neale, daughter of James Neale of Maryland. They had son Richard Bennett III, the richest man in Maryland of the time. He died without male issue and with him his grandfather's lineage daughtered out.
Elizabeth Bennett 1645-1719 Married Col Charles Scarborough of Accomac County, the son of Edmund Scarborough. She died 4 Aug 1719 in Accomac County, Virginia.

Will of Governor Richard Bennett

It's noteworthy that Bennett mentions two cousins, "Silvester, the wife of Major Nicholas Hill," and "Mary, the wife of Mr Luke Cropley," said to have been daughters of Richard's uncle Edward Bennett. Ann is the only child he specifically named. Elizabeth is referenced through her children. Son, Richard Bennett had drowned in 1676.

As posted on the BENNETT-L Archives at Rootweb:

Extracted from the Principal Registry of the Probate Divorce and Admiralty Division of the High Court of Justice

In the Prerogative Court of Canterbury

I, Richard Bennett, of Nansemond River in Virginia being sick in body but in perfect memory doe make and ordain this my last will testament as followith vizt - Imprs I give my body to the earth and my Spirit to God that gave it. Item. I give and bequeath unto the Parish where I now live and have so long lived all that parcel of land being three hundred acres more or less which Thomas Bolton holdeth by lease and which he now lives. The rents & profits thereof to be received yearly by the Church-wardens of this parish and by them disposed of towards the relief of four poor aged or impotent persons whom they judge to stand in most need of help and this to continue and be done for as ever long as ye land continues.

Item. I give and bequeath unto Richard Buxton, the son of Thomas Buxton, the rents & profits of that parcel of land on which Edmond Belson now liveth to him and his heirs for ever the same to be paid unto him when he shall come to be twenty years of age, but if he lives not to that time or afterward die without issue, then the said land & ye rents thereof to be and continue to be paid as now it is.

Item. I give unto my daughter Ann fifty pounds sterling beside her debts which she now oweth me.

Item. I give an bequeath unto my grandchildren Elizabeth, Ann and Bennett Scarburgh or any other of my daughter Scarburgh children which shall be born hereafter all that parcel of land lying in Pocomoke River on the eastern shore in Maryland being two thousand eight hundred acres by patent to them or either of them or either of their heirs for ever and also two thousand five hundred acres by patent lying in Niccocomoco River on the eastern shore in Maryland.

Item. I give unto my cousin Silvester, the wife of Major Nicholas Hill, twelve thousand pounds of tobacco.

Item. I give to my cousin Mary, the wife of Mr. Luke Cropley, twenty pounds sterling.

Item. I give unto Richard Hubard of Pigg Point one thousand pounds of tobacco.

Item. I give unto Michael Ward and the widow of John Lewis, to each of them one thousand pounds of tobacco.

Item. I give unto the widow Prince one thousand pounds of tobacco.

Item. I give unto Charles Howard & Richard Higgens to each of them one thousand pounds of tobacco & more to Charles Howard the land which he lives on for eleven years.

Item. I give to Thomas Chilcote & Thomas Garrat to each of them two thousand pounds of tobacco.

Item. I give unto William Kitchen and John Blye to each of them one thousand pounds of tobacco.

Item. I give unto Patrick Edmondston and the widow Riddick to each of them one thousand pounds of tobacco.

Item. I give unto John Woster who married the relic of John Salsbury one thousand pounds of tobacco.

Item. I give unto William Yearrat of Pagan Creek and to the wife of Mr. Thomas Taberer to each of them two thousand pounds of tobacco.

Item. I give unto Elizabeth Outland of Chucatuke Creek and Thomas Jordan of the same place to each of them two thousand pounds of tobacco.

Item. I give unto James day twelve thousand pounds of tobacco and if Mr. Taberer see cause, he may add three thousand more to it.

Item. I give to all my servants that now liveth with me both Christians and Negroes to each of them one thousand pounds of tobacco only the two hirelings excepted viz - Richard Higgins & John Turner. The rest of my personal and real estate and all lands and stock of what nature or kind so ever it be to go to my grandchild Richard Bennett, to him and his heirs forever, my said grandchild now residing in Bristoll, and in default of such heirs then to come to the children of Theodorick Bland & Charles Scarburg. Lastly, I do hereby declare and ordain and appoint James Jofey, Mr. Thomas Hodges, and Edmond Belson or any two of them also Robert Pealle to be overseers of this my last will and testament allowing & approving for good and effectual to all intents and purposes what so ever my said executors or any two of them shall do or cause to be done concerning the estate from time to time in relation to the estate.

In witness whereof I hereunto set my hand and seal this 15th day of March 1674 - RI BENNETT (LS) - Signed, sealed, and delivered in the presence of us - JOHN SPEIRS, ENO EARLE, CHARLES HOWARD, GEORGE DAVIS.

Proved in Nansemond Court the 12th of April 1675 by the oaths of Mr. Eno Earle, Charles Howard, & George Davis to be the last will & testament of Major General R. Bennett.

Teste: JNO LEAR CHR Cur.
Proved 3rd August 1676.

Published Biographies of Richard Bennett

Side-Lights on Maryland History, Vol.2 113
Richard Bennett was sent to America as his father's3 representative in the Virginia Company and appeared as a member of the House of Burgesses [sic] there in the year 1629.17 In 1642 we find him a member of the Council of Virginia and Governor under Parliament from 1652 to 1655. Prior to this (1649-50) he had left Virginia with the Puritans and settled at Greenberry Point [sic]. He was not long, however, in taking ship for England and proved himself a diplomat by keeping on good terms with the powers that be.

Recognizing his need for men of ability and the governing class, Cromwell saw to it that two of the cleverest of old England's sons should be his allies in his attempt to subdue the colonies. Therefore, in 1651, Parliament appointed Richard Bennett and William Claiborne "Commissioners for the reducing of Virginia and Maryland to their due obedience to the Commonwealth of England." This was finally accomplished on March 29, 1652, when Governor Stone was deposed and six commissioners were appointed by Bennett and Claiborne to govern Maryland in the name of Parliament. Later in the same year Richard Bennett and Edward Lloyd concluded a treaty of peace with the fierce Susquehanna Indians, by which they relinquished their lands of large area in Maryland.

Affairs in Virgina being now ready for adjustment, Richard Bennett returned to the first home of his adoption and was made Governor at once, which office he filled for several years. In 1655 he went from Virginia to England as Colonial agent, and later was made major-general of the Virginia militia.

Governor Bennett, according to the best authorities, married Ann Utie, daughter [sic] of Colonel John Utie, of the Virginia Council, and had three children -- Richard Bennett, the second, Elizabeth and Ann.

[continues]

The National Cyclopaedia of American Biography, Vol. 7 114
Bennett, Richard, colonial governor of Maryland and Virginia (1652-57), by appointment of Oliver Cromwell, was born in England, early in the seventeenth century. Being a prominent Puritan and one of the colony in Virginia, he was, upon the arrival of the frigate Guinea, and the army which established Cromwell's power in America, appointed a parliamentary commissioner. Shortly after he was chosen governor of both colonies by the Puritan element, with Capt. William Claiborne, "the evil genius of Maryland," as his secretary of state. In their capacity as commissioners they arrived at St. Mary's, Md., toward the end of March, 1652, and having deposed Gov. Stone, on the 29th issued a proclamation divesting him and Lord Baltimore of all authority and power in the province. They then returned to Virginia, but in June established their government more firmly in Maryland, appointing Capt. Stone and a special council to direct the affairs of the province under their control. By act of parliament practical liberty was granted to Virginia under the protectorate, and laws were formulated by the people for the "general good and prosperity" in perfect accord with the new regime. With Maryland it was different: that colony was reduced to submission only after a formidable display of military power. The lord proprietor did not rest quietly under the flagrant wrong and injustice which had been done him. He directed Gov. Stone, in 1654, to re-establish the proprietary, and the loyal element was slow to engage in armed resistance to Gov. Bennett. They were, however, ultimately unsuccessful, and the parliamentarians continued in power until the close of 1657, when Gov. Bennett retired into private life. Gov. Bennett was married to Henrietta Maria, daughter of Capt. James Neal, formerly a merchant in Spain, where he was in the employ of King Charles and the Duke of York.4 With his four daughters, all natives of Spain, he had been naturalized by the assembly of Maryland. After Bennett's death his widow was married to Philemon Lloyd, by whom she was the mother of many children. Prominent among Bennett's descendants was his grandson, Richard Bennett (1667-1749), a wealthy planter of Queen Ann, Md.
Encylcopedia Virginia

Citation: J. Frederick Fausz, "Richard Bennett (bap. 1609-ca. 1675)." Encyclopedia Virginia. Virginia Foundation for the Humanities, 9 Oct. 2015. Web. 23 Mar. 2019.

Richard Bennett (bap. 1609-ca. 1675)
Contributed by J. Frederick Fausz and the Dictionary of Virginia Biography

Richard Bennett served as governor of Virginia (1652-1655), in the House of Burgesses [sic] (1629), and served two stints on the governor's Council (1642-1652; 1658-1675). Born into an English merchant family, he came to Virginia around 1628 to run his uncle's estate and set about acquiring thousands of acres of his own as well as importing Puritan settlers who helped provide him an important political base. In 1646, he led a force of Puritans to assist the exiled governor of Maryland and helped start a Puritan migration to the colony. After Parliament's defeat of Charles I in the English Civil Wars, Bennett negotiated the bloodless submission of the Virginia and Maryland colonies, which were loyal to the Crown. The General Assembly then elected him governor of Virginia, and during his term he tried but failed to politically unite the Chesapeake Bay colonies. Not long after Catholics and Puritans fought a bloody battle in Maryland, Bennett stepped down as governor, but in 1657 he helped negotiate a treaty that restored Maryland's charter rights. He then served on the governor's Council and, as a major general in the Virginia militia, helped defend the colony during the Second Anglo-Dutch War (1665-1667). Bennett died early in 1675. MORE...

Bennett was one of the sons of Thomas Bennett, a member of a large family of English merchants who dealt extensively in international trade during the seventeenth century. His mother's name is unknown. Bennett was probably born in or near Wivelscombe, Somersetshire, England, where he was baptized on August 6, 1609. He could scarcely have avoided being involved in the young Virginia colony. His uncle Edward Bennett, one of the great London and Amsterdam merchants, was auditor of the Virginia Company of London and in 1621 patented a large property called Bennett's Welcome near the former Indian village of Warraskoyack in what became Isle of Wight County.

In about 1628 Richard Bennett traveled to Virginia to take over management of Bennett's Welcome. Two of his uncles and a younger brother had perished in the colony, but Richard Bennett thrived and used the transatlantic influence and affluence of his family to achieve almost immediate prominence as a prosperous planter and political leader in Virginia. He lived on another of Edward Bennett's properties, Bennett's Choice, on the Nansemond River, and during the 1630s patented more than 2,000 acres of land at Bennett Point and Parraketo Point. Eventually he amassed more than 7,000 acres in Virginia and Maryland, with much of it obtained through the headright system, which awarded him a right to 50 acres for each colonist he transported to Virginia. Overall his family sponsored the immigration of approximately 600 settlers, many of them Puritans, who were to provide him a base of political influence after 1640.

Sir William Berkeley

Bennett's political career began with his election to the House of Burgesses [sic] as a representative from Warrosquyoake in 1629, and he became a commissioner for that district two years later. He was appointed to the governor's Council in 1642, the same year that he patented 2,000 acres along the south bank of the Rappahannock River. During the turbulent years of the English Civil Wars and Protectorate, Bennett was the highest-ranking and most active Puritan leader in the Chesapeake. With his brother Philip Bennett he recruited three Puritan ministers from the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1642 to serve the Calvinists of Upper Norfolk County. Governor Sir William Berkeley and other Anglicans were hostile toward the Puritans, however, and made them unwelcome.

In 1646 Bennett organized a mercenary Puritan army to assist the exiled governor of Maryland, Leonard Calvert, in ousting a gang of brigands from his capital at Saint Marys City. Many of the mercenaries remained in Maryland and became the vanguard of a vast Puritan migration to that colony during the years between 1648 and 1650. Bennett's commercial and political connections by then included William Claiborne, of Virginia, and Maurice Thompson, the most influential of all the Puritan merchants of London. Throughout the period Bennett engaged in profitable commerce with England and the Netherlands.

On September 26, 1651, the English Council of State appointed Bennett and Claiborne to a four-man commission to force or negotiate the submission of the Chesapeake Bay colonies to the Commonwealth of England. Supported by a Parliamentary fleet, Bennett, Claiborne, and Edmund Curtis, who succeeded to the commission after the other two original members drowned during the transatlantic voyage, accepted Virginia's bloodless capitulation at Jamestown on March 12, 1652, and obtained the surrender of Maryland's leaders two weeks later.

Susquehannock Indian The General Assembly then elected Bennett to the vacant office of governor of Virginia. He served from April 30, 1652, to March 31, 1655, with Claiborne as secretary of the colony. Their administration represented a spectacular temporary triumph for Maurice Thompson's London-based group of mercantile imperialists, which had significantly influenced the Chesapeake's commercial and political evolution since the 1620s. Hoping to achieve the elusive goal of a united, centrally administered Chesapeake, Bennett and Claiborne sought to abrogate Maryland's charter rights to the land north of the Potomac River. By appointing Protestants friendly to Virginia to offices in Maryland and placing like-minded militia colonels on the Council in Jamestown they brought a measure of stability to the Chesapeake. On July 5, 1652. Bennett and a select group of Virginia Puritan émigrés ended a decade of Indian warfare in Maryland by negotiating a comprehensive peace treaty with the powerful Susquehannocks, Claiborne's longtime business partners in the upper Chesapeake beaver trade.

Bennett's ambitious attempts to expand Virginia's political control throughout the Chesapeake region, with unprecedented authority accorded to the House of Burgesses, was a significant milestone, but such profound and rapid change was destined to be short-lived. Given the prevalent revolutionary turmoil in England, Bennett's government lacked the support it needed to withstand either the growing resentment of Virginia's planters toward the new Navigation Acts, designed as they were to terminate the profitable commerce between the colonies and the Netherlands that had helped make men like Bennett wealthy, or the resistance of Catholics and Anglicans to the ideological rigidity of the Puritan leadership in Maryland. The bloody Battle of the Severn on March 25, 1655, fought between the Catholic pro-Calvert forces and Puritans near Bennetts's own lands at Greenbury Point [sic], Maryland, produced such gruesome atrocities that it probably precipitated Bennett's retirement from the governor's office six days later.

It is to Bennett's credit that no such turmoil occurred in Virginia and that even political rivals with religious differences respected the peaceful succession of power at Jamestown. In December 1656 the General Assembly appointed Bennett one of its lobbyists in London, but instead of acting to increase Virginia's power, at Cromwell's instigation he helped negotiate a treaty of November 30, 1657, with Cecil Calvert, second baron Baltimore, that restored Maryland's charter rights and original boundaries. Bennett served again on the governor's Council from 1658 until his death, much of the time during the second administration of his old adversary, Sir William Berkeley. From 1662 to 1672 he also served as the second major general ever appointed in the Virginia militia and helped defend the colony against invasion during the Second Anglo-Dutch War.

Bennett's political designs for a greater Virginia were thwarted, but in his personal life he achieved linkages across the many divisions that separated the two Chesapeake colonies. Late in the 1630s he married Maryann Utie, widow of Councillor John Utie. Their only son, Richard Bennett, attended Harvard College, married into a prominent Catholic family in Maryland, resided there for most of his life, and had a namesake son who became one of the wealthiest planters in Maryland. Bennett's daughters chose influential husbands from both colonies. Elizabeth Bennett married Charles Scarburgh, a Puritan from the Virginia Eastern Shore, and Anna Bennett first wed Theodorick Bland, of Virginia, and then married St. Leger Codd, of Northumberland County, Virginia, and Cecil County, Maryland.

Bennett bequeathed 5,300 acres of land on Maryland's Eastern Shore to three of his grandchildren and donated 300 acres to his local parish to be applied "towards the relief of four poor, aged, or impotent persons." Bennett died, probably at Bennett's Choice, between March 15, 1675, when he dated his will, and April 12, 1675, when it was proved in court.

Time Line

  • August 6, 1609 - Richard Bennett is baptized at Wivelscombe, Somersetshire, England. He is the son of Thomas Bennett, a member of a large family of English merchants who deal exclusively in international trade.
  • 1621 - Edward Bennett, one of the great London and Amsterdam merchants and auditor of the Virginia Company of London, patents a large property called Bennett's Welcome near the former Indian village of Warraskoyack in what will become Isle of Wight County.
  • 1628 - About this year, Richard Bennett travels to Virginia to take over management of Bennett's Welcome from his uncle, Edward Bennett. In the next ten years he will patent more than 2,000 acres of his own and amass more than 7,000 acres in Virginia and Maryland.
  • 1629 - Richard Bennett is elected to the House of Burgesses [sic] as a representative from Warrosquyoake.
  • 1631 - Richard Bennett becomes a commissioner for Warrosquyoake.
  • 1640 - Having amassed thousands of acres of land in Virginia and Maryland and imported 600 settlers, many of them Puritans, Richard Bennett establishes a base of political influence.
  • 1642 - Richard Bennett is appointed to the governor's Council. In the same year he patents 2,000 acres along the south bank of the Rappahannock River and recruits three Puritan ministers from the Massachusetts Bay Colony to serve the Calvinists of Upper Norfolk County.
  • 1646 - Richard Bennett organizes a mercenary Puritan army to assist the exiled governor of Maryland, Leonard Calvert, in ousting a gang of brigands from his capital at Saint Mary's City.
  • 1648-1650 - A vast Puritan migration to Maryland is led, in part, by a group of Puritan mercenaries who came to the colony in 1646 under the leadership of Richard Bennett.
  • September 26, 1651 - The English Council of State appoints Richard Bennett and William Claiborne to a four-man commission to force or negotiate the submission of the Chesapeake Bay colonies to the Commonwealth of England.
  • March 12, 1652 - Supported by a Parliamentary fleet, Richard Bennett, William Claiborne, and Edmund Curtis accept Virginia's bloodless capitulation at Jamestown. Two weeks later they obtain the surrender of Maryland's leaders as well.
  • July 5, 1652 - Governor Richard Bennett and a select group of Virginia Puritan émigrés end a decade of Indian warfare in Maryland by negotiating a comprehensive peace treaty with the powerful Susquehannocks.
  • March 25, 1655 - The bloody Battle of the Severn is fought between the Catholic pro-Calvert forces and Puritans near Governor Richard Bennett's own lands at Greenbury Point [sic], Maryland.
  • March 31, 1655 - Richard Bennett vacates the office of governor of Virginia following the bloody Battle of the Severn, fought near his own lands at Greenbury Point [sic], Maryland.
  • December 1656 - The General Assembly appoints Richard Bennett one of its lobbyists in London.
  • November 30, 1657 - Richard Bennett, acting as a lobbyist for the General Assembly in London, helps negotiate a treaty with Cecil Calvert, second baron Baltimore, that restores Maryland's charter rights and original boundaries.
  • 1658-1675 - Richard Bennett serves on the governor's Council, much of the time during the second administration of his old adversary, Sir William Berkeley.
  • 1662-1672 - Richard Bennett serves as the second major general ever appointed in the Virginia militia and helps defend the colony against invasion during the Second Anglo-Dutch War.
  • March 15, 1675 - Richard Bennett dates his will.
  • April 12, 1675 - Richard Bennett's will is proved in court. He dies sometime between March 15 and this date.

Further Reading

Fausz, J. Frederick. "Bennett, Richard." In The Dictionary of Virginia Biography, Vol. 1, edited by John T. Kneebone, J. Jefferson Looney, Brent Tarter, and Sandra Gioia Treadway, 445-447. Richmond: Library of Virginia, 1998.

Richard Bennett's Uncles

Edward Bennett

Richard Bennett certainly owed much of his position to the success of his uncle, Edward Bennett, of whom I'll write more about here. Edward was an Elder of the Ancient Church at Amsterdam, Commissioner of Virginia to the Court of England, a Deputy Governor of the of the British Merchants of Holland, and served in the Virginia General Assembly in 1628, perhaps the only time he was resident in the colony. By one historians accounting, he was the Virginia Company's largest investor. In April 1621, Sir Edwin Sandys, recommended Bennett's admittance to the Virginia Company.7 He was responsible for transporting about 600 colonists to Virginia, the first of whom arrived in February 1622 on the Sea Flower. According to Boddie he owned the ship Edward of London, which he captained in 1627 during the Duke of Buckingham's (then the Lord High Admiral) "ill fated expedition for the relief of the Hougenots besieged in Rochelle by Cardinal Richelieu."8 He is also believed to have owned Gift of God, which transported settlers in (at least) 1618, 1622, and 1623. Using the Calendar of State Papers Domestic: Charles I, 1625-26 page 98 as his source, Boddie tells us that, "while on one of his own vessels, he was captured by the pirate Campaign."9

In April 2019, Brian Collingridge, one of the authors of Wiveliscombe: A History of a Somerset Market Town, sent the following passage of the book to me:10

Edward Bennett was another rich clothier in Wiveliscombe who made a fortune elsewhere, this time in London. In 1623 he shipped three packs of linen cloth bearing his mark to Virginia. His nephew Richard Bennett subsequently became the Governor and Captain General there for Oliver Cromwell until 1655.

The following persons were listed under the muster of Mr Edward Bennett on 7 February 1624/5. Note that he himself is not present. Although he did spend time in Virginia in 1628, his family was born and raised in London.

NameMusterStatusLocationCorporationAgeShipArrival
Henery PinkeMr Edward BennettservantWariscoyackJames CittyLondon Marchannt1619
John Bate"servantWariscoyackJames CittyAddam1621
Peeter Collins"servantWariscoyackJames CittyAddam1621
Wassell Webling"servantWariscoyackJames CittyJames1621
Antonio not given"servantWariscoyackJames CittyJames1621"a Negro"
Christopher Reynolds"servantWariscoyackJames CittyJohn & Francis1622
Luke Chappman"servantWariscoyackJames CittyJohn & Francis1622
Edward Maybank"servantWariscoyackJames CittyJohn & Francis1622
John Attkins"servantWariscoyackJames CittyGuifte1623
William Denum"servantWariscoyackJames CittyGuifte1623
ffrancis Banks"servantWariscoyackJames CittyGuifte1623
Mary not given"servantWariscoyackJames CittyMargrett & John1622"a Negro Woman"

Antonio, above, is believed to have been the Anthony Johnson and the same man who became a successful farmer in Maryland. It should be noted that there was another Anthony, a negro, indentured to Captain William Tucker.

It's not yet known how these Bennetts were related to Thomas Bennett "of Mulberry Island." We find this for his muster on 7 February 1624/5.

NameMusterStatusLocationCorporationAgeShipArrival
Benjamine SimesThomas BennettBasses ChoyseJames Citty33
Thomas Bennett"headBasses ChoyseJames Citty38Neptune1618
Mary Bennett"Basses ChoyseJames Citty18Southampton1622
Roger Heford"Basses ChoyseJames Citty22Returne1623

With two brothers, Richard and Robert, having died in Virginia while managing Edward's estate, Edward appears in the Virginia record as Burgess in March 1628. His nephews (brothers to one another), Richard, the future governor, age 20, and Robert, age 18, also appear in that year. Although they are not listed on any extant ship manifests, we might assume that the trio traveled to Virginia together.

Robert Bennett

Edward's brother Robert was the first of the Bennett family to manage Edward's estate in Virginia. Boddie puts him on Bennett's plantation during the 1622 attack by the Powhatan Confederacy that killed 347 colonists, 53 of whom were residing on the plantation. According to Virginia Immigrants and Adventurers, the Virginia Company authorizes Bennett, being the master of the Samuel, to trade in Virginia.23 The 1623 letter he wrote from Bennett's Welcome to Edward, then residing in London, is published in full in Boddie.5 It's several paragraphs long and details much of the political and economic news of Virginia. But it also contains genealogical information. Robert writes, with spelling modernized,

Pray forget me not to all the rest of our good friends, yourself and your wife, my brother Richard and his wife, with your father-in-law and mother [Jasper and Joanne Bourne of London] and all the rest not forgetting my children whom I pray God to bless and us deliver and send us a joyful meeting. This is in some haste. I leave you to the merciful tuition of Thy Almighty in whom I rest.

He also asks his brother to advice "Mr Bourne" that his son is staying with him due to the scarcity of provisions.

Boddie states that Robert Bennett had died by November 20th of the same year because "that is the date of a manuscript document in the Library of Congress that relates to the estate and debts of the late Robert Bennett." There is mention of this record in David Clapp's The New England (1877): "Robert Bennett, one of the proprietors of the plantation, is enrolled as residing at James City, and soon died. There is a warrant preserved, dated November 20, 1623, for the collection of the salary of William Bennett, minister for two years, from the estate of Robert Bennett... William Bennett was the first preacher at Waraskoyak. He came in 1621 in the ship Sea Flower, and the next year Catharine, his wife, twenty-two years of age, arrived in the Abigail. He died about the year 1624, leaving a widow and son William about three weeks old." (p 398).

Robert Bennett is found living at James City on "A List of the Livinge," a census taken throughout the Virginia colony on 16 February 1623. We already know from his letter that his family was not with him. But there's more to learn from the census. A family of Bennetts -- an unamed wife and two children -- are living in Elizabeth City with Thomas Dewe and his wife who, according the Dewe family researchers, was Elizabeth Bennett (born 1607) and possibly a daughter of Robert's. If this is not Robert's family residing with her, perhaps it's one belonging to another brother. It's also possible that his family returned to England. Also found on the 1623 census is a Samuel Bennett of Elizabeth City, a Samuel Bennett at Bricke Row, a John Bennett at Warwick Squrake, and another Robert Bennett living in a household with John Booth on James Island. The 1624 census lists a Robert Bennett, 23, servant of Thomas Willoby of Elizabeth City. He arrived on the Jacob in 1624.

Richard Bennett

Robert's brother Richard was the next of the family to manage Bennett's Welcome. He also died after a short stay. Boddie writes that the General Court recorded on 13 October 1626,

After ye death of Mr. Richard Bennett who deceased about ye 28 August last and without any sufficient or particular disposition of goods and other matter concerning both his estate and ye estate of Mr. Edward Bennett, his brother ...6

In other words, he left no will or other provisions for his estate. In Virginia Immigrants and Adventurers, Martha McCartney writes,

An inventory was made of his estate, which was entrusted to Lodwick Pearle. English probate officials noted that [he] was from St Bartholomew by Exchange in London.24

St Bartholomew is a parish in London. Its church burned down in 1666. This fact could be of use should Bennett records for the parish during this period emerge.

Richard was married to Judith Brent as shown in the 1624 will of her father, Edward Brent, proved the following year by Sir Francis Wyatt, the Governor and Captain General of Virginia.14 Among the heirs listed are "Elizabeth Bennett, if she be remaining in Mr Richard Bennett's house, and to Jeane Bennett, her sister ... and to Richard Bennett, servant to Mr Richard Bennett."

Having lost two brothers in Virginia, it was time for Edward himself to make an appearance. As stated above, Edward and his nephews, Richard (the future governor) and Robert, are first mentioned in the Virginia records in March 1628.

John Bennett

Although there was a John Bennett listed in Virginia in 1623 and living on the Bennett Plantation, this may not be the same man. We know of him only through the will of his brother-in-law Jasper Bourne. This record makes it clear that brothers John and Edward married Bourne sisters. I'm not sure where this transcription first appeared. Small spelling corrections have been made.

Jasper Bourne, of Stanmore Magna, Middlesex. Feb. 1, 1635, gent. Proved by John Benitt, May 4, 1636. [67 Pile.] My wife Joan. My son John Benett, of London, merchant, standeth bound to my nephew John Bourne, of Lincoln's Inn, in ;£100. My grandchildren, children of my daughter Elizabeth Benitt, Pictures of my late Brothers William and Thomas Bourne, decd . My daughter Sylvestre, wife of my son William Hutchinson, clerke. My grandson Jasper Fell, son of Henry Fell, late of Hampsted, Midd*, gent., & of my daughter Sylvestre, now wife of William Hutchinson. My daughter Mary, wife of Edward Benett, merchant. The children of Benett & Hutchinson. My cosin John Cayne, the elder, of North Petherton, Som'. My wife's grandson, John Norwood, of London. My wife's daughter Elisabeth Ireland, alias Norwood. My sister Jane Bourne, late wife of Roger Bourne, of Wells, Somerset. My brother deceased. My niece Mrs Elizabeth Bishop, wife of Thomas Bishop, of Minehead. My niece Susan, widow of Mr John Cross, Master of Arts, deceased. My niece Mrs Ellinor Carliel, widow of Francis Carliel, gent., dec'd . My nephew Jasper Bourne, son of my nephew John Bourne, of Gothelney. My nephews John Bourne, of Gothelney, & John Bourne, of Durleigh, Overseers. My son John Benitt, Residuary Legatee & Exr.

Y-DNA

Richard Bennett's male lineage died with his grandson, Richard Bennett III. The hunt is on for a collateral representative through one of his brothers. Edward's male progeny continued on in London, but I've been unable to track them beyond his own grandsons, Thomas Bennett (1661-) and Jasper Bennett (1664-). Some genealogists believe that Virginia immigrant John Bennett (1624-1668) was Richard's nephew but proof is lacking. Nevertheless, there are a number of male descendants living today, but none have been found that have Y-DNA testing. I'm tracking these lineages at http://ancestraldata.com/lineages/Bennett/.

1. John Bennett Boddie, Seventeenth Century Isle of Wight County Virginia, vol 1 (Chicago: Chicago Law Printing Company, 1938), 52.

2. William Edmundson, A Journal of the Life, Travels, Sufferings and Labor of Love in the Work of the Ministry. (London: Mary Hinds, 1774), 70-72.

3. He represented his uncle, Edward Bennett, merchant of London, who had been granted a tract of land by the Virginia Company. Edward's son Richard died in Virginia about 1625 while his father's agent in Virginia.

4. This marriage is now attributed to his son, Richard Bennett II.

5. Boddie, 43-46.

6. Boddie, 52.

7. Edward D Neil, Virginia Carolorum: The Colony Under the Rule of Charles the First and Second (Albany, John Munsell's and Sons, 1886), 224.

8. Boddie, 51. According to his wikipedia article, dramatist and pirate, Lording Barry, was part owner of the Edward of London.

9. Boddie, 50. British History Online provides access to these documents.

10. Susan Maria Farrington, editor, Wiveliscombe: A History of a Somerset Market Town (Wiveliscombe: Colden Publications, 2005), 117.

11. Walter W Preston, History of Hartford County, Maryland (Baltimore: Press of Sun Book Office, 1901), 24.

12. William Waller Hening, "The Statutes at Large," I (Richmond: The Franklin Press, 1820) p 277.

13. Joseph Bragg Dunn, The History of Nansemond County, Virginia (Place of publication not identified, 1907).

14. Archibald F Bennett, "Bennett," The William and Mary Quarterly Vol. 16, No. 2 (Apr., 1936), pp. 316-318.

15. Lyon Gardiner Tyler, England in America, 1580-1652 (New York: Cooper Square, 1968).

16. Stegge wrote his will on board the John ("now bound forth in a voygable to Vergenia") on 6 October 1651. It was proved by his wife on 14 July 1652.

17. The House of Burgesses was created in 1642. Until then, the ruling body was the General Assembly, which first met in 1619.

18. Towne Neck was later renamed Greenberry Point for Colonel Nicholas Greenberry, an arrival from England in 1674.

19. These ministers were "Rev. William Thompson, a graduate of Oxford, John Knowles, of Immanuel College, Cambridge, and Thomas James" ("Anne Arundel County Maryland Our Early Settlers," Maryland Genealogy Trails, web.)

20. These were heady times. The following, although not directly pertinent to Bennett, illustrate the social and political environment in which he operated. The Guinea also included prisoners captured at Worcester at which the Scots lost to Cromwell's forces. These passages are quoted in a 2008 post by Matthew Redman in the Ingram board at genealogy.com. "Both he and his father were captured September 3, 1651, on the field of Worcester. Malcolm was banished by the Council of Estates on September 10th, transported about the 20th by the parliamentary fleet, and delivered to Jamestown, Virginia, by Captain Edmund Curtis of the frigate Guinea, on March 29, 1652.There he was bound servant to Nicholas Waddylone for seven years" (Anna Hanson McKenney Dorsey).... "The fates were kind to Malcolm when he was transported from London after an imprisonment of only two weeks, for those left behind him contracted a contagious disease of which few survived. He also escaped a fatal assignment to the sugar cane fields in Barbados, and reached Jamestown during the month of March, when the dread malaria was dormant. Good fortune continued when he was bought by the Quaker, Nicholas Waddylone in the new land, for among this gentle sect his lot was better by far than that of many other prisoners of war delivered to the colonies by Oliver Cromwell" (Foreword to A History of the Mc-Kenney Family of the Eastern Shore of Maryland by John and Maria McKenney).
Malcolm McKinney married Annika, the widow of Andrew Hanson.

21. Oswald Tilghman, Annapolis, History of Ye Ancient City and its Public Buildings (Annapolis: Capital Press Gazette, 1929?), pages 5-7.

22. Kevin Butterfield. "Puritans in Colonial Virginia." Encyclopedia Virginia. Virginia Foundation for the Humanities, 17 Jul. 2014. Web.

23. Martha W. McCartney, Virginia Immigrants and Adventurers 1607-1635, A Biographical Dictionary (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2007), 127.

24. McCartney, 126.

25. This point deserves some attention. Most recounters of these events say that Bennett stayed in Maryland, but it would make sense that he went to England to state the case.

26. "Archives of Maryland, Historical List, Governors of Maryland, 1634-1689," Maryland State Archives, web. The ten commissioners appointed by Bennett and Claiborne were: William Fuller, William Durand, John Smith, John Lawson, Richard Wells, Richard Preston, Edward Lloyd, Leonard Strong, John Hatch, and Richard Ewen.

27. Letter from Oliver Cromwell to Richard Bennett, as quoted in William Hand Browne, George Calvert and Cecilius Calvert, Barokuns Baltimore of Baltimore (New York: Dodd, Mead, and Company, 1890), 148-149.

28. "Letter," 154.

29. Warren M Billings, editor, The Papers of Sir William Berkeley, 1605-1677 (Richmond: Library of Virginia, 2007), 108. See copy of the transcribed deed, file deed-wb2rb.html.



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