Name: Benajah Tomson
Died: Dec 1778
Place: Morristown, NJ
Benajah Thompson descendant, Michael Carpenter, has found two affidavits
by veteran soldiers (Lemuel Paterson and Jeremiah Towser) who both state
they had served in New Jersey under Captain Benajah Thompson. That Christiana Corson was Benajah's daughter is well-proven.
Although the memoir of J W Fisk
misses the mark on dates, names and generations, it brings together several
facts that are confirmed in the record.
In summary of the proof of descent, we have...
- Document of 6 July 1795 that states "Eli Corson and Christiana, his
wife, late Christiana Thomson, daughter of said decd."
- The will of Benajah Corson, grandson of Benajah Thompson, names sister
Charity (Corson) Wood.
- Marriage of Charity Corson and John Wood, 20 Dec 1818, Clark county,
- The memoir of J W Fisk states "My grandmother was married a second
time...She married a man by the name of Woods," referring to the marriage
- Fisk further says, "Uncle Edward Fisk married Aunty Minty Wood." Minty
Wood being the daughter of John and Charity.
- The death record for Susan Isabel Fisk names parents, Edward C Fisk and
Araminta D unk, "unk" being "unknown."
...which provides sufficient evidence for the following lineage:
Benajah Tomson (1720-1780) m1 Prudence Eldredge (-1778)
Christianna Thompson (1755/62-1841) m Eli Corson (1757-1813)
Charity Corson (1780s-) m2 John Wood (1775-1830)
Araminta D Wood (1821-1904) m Edward Curtis Fisk (1821-1895)
Susan Isabel Fisk (1842-1919)
The following is posted at genforum.genealogy.com:
Posted by: Warren Rule (ID *****6314)
Date: September 03, 2002 at 21:15:11
In Reply to: Re: Thompson, Benajah, b. 1720, NJ by Jennifer
Some mildly tantalizing information is buried away in some convincing
letters by [Benajah Thompson's] great granddaughter in the files of the Cape
May County (NJ) Historical Society. In addition to being a Captain during
the revolution, he was "English" and a preacher of sorts, and, by the way,
"Prudence" was not an "Eldredge" -- she was an American Indian, sister to
the chief of the local Lenni Lenape Indians. I suspect that the name
"Prudence" was given to her at baptism, and the surname "Eldridge," a common
one in that area, was attached by a genealogist in the 1930's.
The records in the DAR Library suggest that Benajah's brother was Richard
(Benajah was a witness to his intestate papers in 1773)
From http://groups.yahoo.com/group/handcousins/message/4137 with some
slight editing for form and readability:
Info from Appendix A in book "While
My Country is in Danger, The Life & Letters of Lt. Col. Richard S
Thompson, Twelfth New Jersey Volunteers"
The Thompson family of CM [Cape May] descended from Benajah Thompson
(Thompson's great-grandfather), who married Toudl-Hkiligo (Snowflower) sister
of King Nummis or Nummy, chief of the Kechemeche tribe of the Lenni Lenape
Indians, a class of the Algonquin group. She was baptized and given the
name, Prudence Eldridge. Benajah Thomson was a captain in a NJ militia unit
in 1776. He died in 1780; Prudence died in 1778. They had 8 children:
James, Nehemiah (1766-1796) Richard 12-Feb-1768-12 Dec 1824, Constant
(1770-1793, Anson (d 1817), Christiana, Manley (1775-1848) and Warren
There are serious holes in the Native American connection. See my
article for Benajah's wife, Prudence Eldridge, for more
information. But to that matter, the following post is interesting.
From: Glenn Bingham
Subject: Re: Benejah Thompson
Date: Thu, 04 Apr 2002 00:27:42 -0500
I have this document.1 It deals with the family of Nora
Thompson Dean of Oklahoma. She was a wonderful soul who tried to
preserve the native Lenape language and was, according to Dick Quiet Thunder
Gilbert, one of the last 16 speakers of the language. They are all gone
now, I think, so the language is dead. I had come across her name as a
linguistics student, and devoted some time to understanding the (very
different!) structure of Lenape.
Although the family seems to trace to New Jersey, there is no claim made for
(nor denial of) a connection to Benajah and Snowflower. Although some
genealogy appears in the article, it does not go back far enough to connect
to other records I have seen. It is unlikely that the family does connect,
since the native blood in the Benajah Thompson line (that married at least
twice into the Binghams) was rather watered down by the earliest generation
given in the Rementer article. However, there is always that possibility
that the families join somewhere. Someone needs a lot of original research
to make the connection.
The article that does contain some information and conjecture on Benajah
Thompson was written by Charles Tomlin in his genealogy of the Thompson and
Tomlin families. My copy is buried somewhere now, but if anyone is
interested enough, I will unearth it for a better description. Or maybe
someone else has it handy.
Descendent Jeff "Hawkeye" Thompson has sent some comments to me that point
out some inconsistencies in Tomlin's data that might lead some to the
conclusion that Benajah Thompson himself was a native Lenape from Burlington
County. Since his work was a pre-publication article, I will leave it to
him to expose what detail he will to the public.
By the way, Abel Corson shows in the accounting of Benajah Thompson's
estate. This information was courtesy of Jeff Thompson.
The following, lifted from
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/njgf/message/9398, proves that Christiana
Corson was the daughter of Benajah Thomson. I've edited slightly for form
I went to the Surrogates office in Cumberland and CMCo. to look at documents
re: this young lady. One I found in Cumberland County dated 6 July
To David Davis and Elizabeth his wife late Elizabeth Thomson, administrix of
..Benaijah Thomson, late of the county aforesaid. It read, "At the
instance of Eli Corson and Christiana, his wife, late Christiana Thomson,
daughter of said decd...you are invited to appear...
Adm, granted Benjamin Thompson intestate, 725F in Cumberland Co., Lib 24,
Page 167, names him Benajah, dated 19 Dec 1780 Elizabeth Thompson (of CC)
and David Edwards (of CMCo.), adm. of Benajah Thompson, 19 Dec 1778.
The account of David Davis and Elizabeth his wife adm, of Benaijah Thomson
decd, 19 Dec 1780, clear estate 95-19-10, widow's third, 31-19-11,
children's share 63-19-11, allowed for the maintenance of Manley Thomson
35-0-0, 5 legitimate children, each child's share 5-15-11.
The mention of five legitimate children, considering that at least seven
of his children were still alive in 1780, suggests that some of his children
might have been illegitmate. Benajah usually has eight children attributed
to him. Were the other three born out of wedlock or, for other legal
reasons, found not to have been his rightful heirs?
I received the following email from Michael Carpenter in February,
Subject: Benajah Tomson
From: "Michael Carpenter via Web Mail"
Date: Tue, February 8, 2011 7:51 am
I am a descendant of Benajah Tomson from his son Manley and have been
researching Benajah tirelessly over the last two years. Finally I stumbled
upon your information regarding his passing in battle in 1780. I put all of
the pieces together and this makes perfect sense.
In the DAR registry they only have Benajah serving from 1776-78 and have his
passing as of Dec 1778. I believe they have mistaken Snowflowers death with
his as we know he married Elizabeth Peters in Dec. of 1778 which is not
listed in the DAR. If Benajah had been taken prisoner on the British
prisoner ship in Feb. 1780 it would make sense that he does not show up on
the DAR for additional service because he was likely part of a prisoner trade
and signed the oath to not take up arms against King George which would have
allowed him to go back into circulation as a Captain again. In my research
I have found no other Captain Tomson,Thomson or Thompson serving for New
Jersey that died in 1780. All of the other Thompsons passed after the war
and were mostly privates or from other regiments or regions of NJ.
Once you tie the fact that an Elizabeth Thompson was the housekeeper for
Washington to the same vicinity of where Benajah would have died, it all
pulls together because the battle of Connecticut Farms was fought on June
7th, 1780 and Springfield on June 23rd. I know that Gen. Starks unit was
present at Springfield. Anyway. Thank you for all of your hard work and
Benajah and Prudence had the following children. Benajah's second wife
and widow, Elizabeth Peters, married David Davis.
||m1 Martha Hildreth m2 Elizabeth Eldredge, daughter of
Silas and Hannah (Hildreth) Eldredge
||Married Eli Corson
||Married Milicent ___
||Married Synthia E Stillwell
|Richard S Thompson
||He apparently died in Goshen NJ. He m1 Charlotte
Eldredge daughter of Aaron Eldredge and Elizabeth Stillwell, m2 Sarah
Price in Goshen, m3 Judith Swain. Aaron Eldredge was, through his
mother, of Mayflower descent.
||He married Jane Shropshire. His son Dare S Thompson
was born 1818.
||Married Elizabeth Carll Williams.
One might wonder if the two Eldredge marriages were to women related to
Benajah Thomson's DNA
A patrilineal descendant of Benajah has had his Y chromosome tested. The
results show that the lineage is of haplogroup subclade R-U106, which is
R1b1a2a1a1a. The short form of a haplogroup is named for its "terminal" SNP. In this
All SNPs (or their alternates) need to be present.
It has not yet been shown to which family Benajah might have belonged.
The tester is now doing the Y-STR test at Family Tree DNA. That will give us a better
idea—considering, of course, that a potential match has already
tested, or will in the near future.
Note to myself: John Williams and Thankful Barlow - Benajah Tomson &
Prudence Eldredge, compiled in 1931 by Charles Tomlin and Clarence R.
All original portions ©
Michael Cooley, OrbitInternet.net -