My Ahnentafel
Definition | 14-gen | GEDCOM

1.1. Michael Hugh COOLEY 1.2. Lonnie Rae COOLEY
2ND GENERATION
2. Allison Claude COOLEY 3. Billie Dell HOGUE
3RD GENERATION
4. McCabe COOLEY 5. Marie Henrietta HENNEQUIN 6. Hugh Wallace HOGUE 7. Birdie Nina MCDOWELL
4TH GENERATION
8. Joseph William COOLEY 9. Araminta D JOHNSON 10. Louis Francois HENNEQUIN 11. Marguerite STEWARD 12. Robert Irwin HOGUE 13. Nancy Joanna FOSTER 14. William Ellis MCDOWELL 15. Euphemia Ruth ASHENHURST
5TH GENERATION
16. Greenbury COOLEY 17. Amelia Mohler PETTIT 18. Wesley Phillip JOHNSON 19. Susan Isabel FISK 20. Louis HENNEQUIN 21. Maria Theresa DRAVIGNEY 22. John Joseph STEWARD 23. Fanny LAURENT 24. John HOGUE 25. Ann R SIMPSON 26. John A FOSTER 27. Martha Jane STRUTHERS 28. William Erwin MCDOWELL 29. Maria HART 30. Oliver Taylor ASHENHURST 31. Sara Eva SOUTHERN
6TH GENERATION
32. David COOLEY 33. Laurinda AIKEN 34. Joseph PETTET 35. Elizabeth MOHLER 36. Elijah JOHNSON 37. Anna Jane FOSTER 38. Edward Curtis FISK 39. Arminta D WOOD 40. Xavier HANNEQUIN 41. Marie Magdeleine BELOT 42. Pierre Joseph DRAVIGNEY 43. Marie Thérèse GILBERT 44. Joseph STEWARD 46. Jean Baptiste LAURENT 47. Jeaninne Henriette VANDERMEULEN 48. James HOGUE 49. Margaret IRWIN 50. Isaac SIMPSON 51. Elizabeth RICHARDSON 52. Samuel FOSTER 53. Nancy ____ 54. James STRUTHERS 55. Elizabeth SAVILLE 56. John MCDOWELL 57. Anna CURRY 58. Joseph HART Sr 59. Susan PICKENS 60. Oliver ASHENHURST 61. Euphemia BISHOP 62. Charles William SOUTHERN 63. Ruth Ruema HOOVER
7TH GENERATION
64. John COOLEY 65. Sela WRIGHT 66. William AKINS 67. Rebecca MCCLINTICK 73. Ruth ____ ? 76. John R FISK 77. Mahala KEMP 78. John WOOD 79. Charity CORSON 85. Jeanne Claude DRAVIGNEY 86. Josph GILBERT 87. Agathe LANGARD 102. Matthew RICHARDSON 103. Ann STOCKTON 104. James Couples FOSTER 105. Jane MORROW 108. William STRUTHERS 109. Janet LINDSAY 110. Robert SAVILLE 111. Deborah ____ 112. John MCDOWELL 113. Jane ERWIN 116. Edward HART 117. Nancy Ann STOUT 118. John PICKENS 120. William ASHENHURST 121. Nancy ASHENHURST 122. Peter BISHOP 123. Eleanor ____ 124. John SOUTHERN 125. Elizabeth DUNCAN 126. John HOOVER? 127. unknown
8TH GENERATION
128. Edward COOLEY 129. Martha RAPER 130. William WRIGHT 131. Martha MORGAN 132. William EAKIN 133. Mary WALLACE 134. John MCCLINTICK 135. Mary Jane MCDOWELL 152. Richard FISK 154. William KEMP 155. Sukey DAMANT 158. Eli CORSON 159. Christianna THOMPSON 206. Richard Witham STOCKTON 207. Mary Ann HATFIELD 210. Samuel ? MORROW ? 218. James LINDSAY 219. Margaret WATSON 220. Samuel SAVILLE 221. Ann BOOTH 224. John MCDOWELL 225. Esther HARRISON 226. William ERWIN 227. Mary ERWIN 232. John HART Signer 233. Deborah SCUDDER 234. St Leger Codd STOUT 235. Susannah SIMPSON 248. William SOUTHERN 249. Magdelaine FORD 250. Charles DUNCAN 251. Margaret KIRK 252->255. unknown
9TH GENERATION
256. John COOLEY 257. poss Sarah MATTHEWS 258. Thomas RAPER 259. Martha HAM 260. Richard WRIGHT Sr103 261. Ann 262. James MORGAN 263. Mary DAVIS 316. Jacob CORSON Jr 317. Charity STILLWELL 318. Benajah TOMSON 319. Prudence ELDREDGE 412. Samuel STOCKTON 413. Rachel STOUT 414. Joseph HATFIELD 415. Phoebe CLARK 442. Robert BOOTH 443. Ann GASTON 452. John ERWIN 453. Jane WILLIAMS 454. Francis ERWIN 455. Jane CURRY 464. Capt Edward HART 465. Martha FURMAN 466. Richard Betts SCUDDER Jr 467. Hannah STILLWELL 468. James STOUT 469. Mary Ann CODD 496. John SOUTHERN ? 497. Margaret KIDD ? 500. Charles DUNCAN 502. John KIRK Sr 503. Margaret BROOKS 504->517. unknown
10TH GENERATION
518->823. unknown 632. Jacob CORSON Sr 633. Naomi 634. Nicholas STILLWELL 635. Sara HAND 824. Richard STOCKTON 825. Susannah WITHAM 826. Col Joseph STOUT 827. Ruth BRYMSON 828. Abraham HATFIELD 829. Phoebe OGDEN 829. John CLARK 904. Edward ERWIN 905. Frances FRANCIS 908. see 904 909. see 905 910. William CURRY 911. Sally YOUNG 928. John HART 2nd 929. Mary HUNT 930. Josiah FURMAN 2nd 931. Sarah STRICKLAND 932. Richard Betts SCUDDER Sr 933. Hannah REEDER 936. see 826 937. see 827 938. Capt St Leger CODD 939. Mary HANSON 1000. John DUNCAN 1001. Dinah BRADFORD 940->1035. unknown
11TH GENERATION
1036->1263. unknown 1264. Jan CARSTENSEN 1265. Maria Elias DAAS 1268. John STILLWELL Jr 1270. George HAND 1648. Richard STOCKTON 1649. Abigail ____ 1650. Robert WITHAM 1651. Ann HOAG 1652. Jonathan STOUT 1653. Anne BOLLEN 1654. Daniel BRYMSON 1655. Frances GREENLAND 1856. John HART 1st 1857. Mary ____ 1858. Ralph HUNT 1859. Elizabeth JESSUP 1860. Josiah FURMAN 1st 1862. Edmund STRICKLAND 1863. Hannah ____ 1864. John SCUDDER Jr 1865. Joanna BETTS 1866. John REEDER 2nd 1867. Hannah BURROUGHS 1876. Col St Leger CODD 115 1877. Anna BENNETT 115 1878. Col Hans HANSON 1879. Martha Kelts WOODARD 2002. John BRADFORD 2003. Mary MARR 1880->2071. unknown
12TH GENERATION
2072->2079. unknown 2528. Carsten JANSEN 2529. Barbara 2530. Elias DAAS 2536. John STILLWELL 2537. Elizabeth PERRIN 2540. Thomas HAND 2541. Katherine STUBBS 3296. John STOCKTON 3296. Eleanor CLAYTON 3304. Richard STOUT 3305. Penelope VAN PRINCIS 3306. Capt James BOLLEN 3307. Anne VAUQUELLIN 3308. William BRINSDON 3309. Margaret ____ 3310. Dr Henry GREENLAND 3311. Mary BAREFOOT 3312. Thomas HATFIELD 3313. Anna 3314. Cornelius MELYN 3316. John OGDEN 3317. Jane BOND 3718. Edward JESSUP 3719. Elizabeth BRIDGES 3720. John FURMAN 3728. John SCUDDER Sr 3729. Mary KING 3730. Capt Richard BETTS 3731. Joanna CHAMBERLAYNE 3732. John REEDER 1st 3733. Hannah THORPE 3734. Jeremiah BURROUGHS 3735. Hannah WAY 3752. Col William CODD 115 3753. Lady Mary ST LEGER 115 3754. Gov Richard BENNETT 3755. Mary Ann LONGWORTH113 106 3756. Andrew HANSON 3757. Annika ____ 4006. John MARR Sr 3758->4143. unknown
13TH GENERATION
4144->4159. unknown 5072. William STILLWELL 5073. Hannah 5074. Daniel PERRIN 5075. Elizabeth 5080. John HAND 5081. Elizabeth GRANSDEN 6592. John STOCKTON 6593. Eleanor CLAYTON 6608. John STOUT 6609. Elizabeth BEE 6614. Robert VAUQUELLIN 6615. Jeanette 6622. Walter BAREFOOT 6632. Richard OGDEN 6633. Elizabeth HUNTINGTON 7456. Thomas SCUDDER 7457. Elizabeth LOWERS 7458. William KING 7459. Dorothy HAYNES 7460. John BETTES 7461. Mary BIGGS 7462. Rev Robert CHAMBERLAYNE 7463. Elizabeth STOUGHTON 7466. William THORPE 7467. Garthered BLITHE 7468. John BURROUGHS 7469. Johanna JESSUP 7470. James WAY 7504. William CODD 7505. Hester LAMPORD 7506. Sir Warham ST LEGER115 7507. Dame Mary HAYWARD115 7508. Thomas BENNETT 7509. Anstie Tomson SPICER 7512. John HANSON 8012. Daniel MARR 7511->8287. unknown
14TH GENERATION
8288->8319. unknown 10144. Nicholas STILLWELL 10145. Ann 10148. Pierre PERRIN 10149. Andrienne JUBRIL 10160. John HAND 10161. Joan SIMMONS 10162. Henry GRANSDEN 13624. Edward OGDEN 13624. Margaret WILSON 14912. Henry SCUDDER 14913. ____ LOWERS 14914. John LOWERS 14920. Alexander BETTES 14921. Joan LARKYN 14926. Rev Thomas STOUGHTON 14927. Katherine 14936. Jeremiah BURROUGHS 14938. John JESSUP 14939. Joanna KERRICH 15012. Sir Anthony ST LEGER 115 15013. Mary SCOTT 115 15014. Sir Rowland HAYWARD 115 15015. Katherine SMYTHE 15016. Robert BENNETT 15017. Elizabeth EDNEY 15024. Col. John HANSON 15025. Frances PRICHARD 15026->16575. unknown
15TH GENERATION
16576->20289. unknown 20298. Jean JUBRIL 20299. Juvine LOMBARD 20326. William GRANSDEN 20327. Ann 26528. William OGDEN 26529. Abigail GOODSALL 26530. Richard WILSON 26531. Margaret 29792. William de STIRKELAUNDE 29840. Robert BETTS 29876. Francis JESSOP 29877. Frances WHITE 30024. Sir Warham ST LEGER 115 30025. Lady Ursula NEVILLE 107 115 30026. Sir Thomas SCOTT 115 30027. Elizabeth BAKER 115 30028. George HAYWARD 30029. Margaret WITHBROKE 30030. Sir Thomas SMYTHE 30031. Alice JUDDE 30032. John BENNETT 30033. Margery 30034. John EDNYE 30048. Thomas HANSON 30049. Janet G GLEDHILL 30050. John PRICHARD 30051->33151. unknown
16TH GENERATION
33152->33279. unknown 53056. Richard OGDEN 53057. Mabel de HOOGAN 53058. Henry GOODSALL 59584. William de STIRKELAUNDE 59752. Richard JESSOP 59753. Ann SWIFT 59754. Alexander WHITE 59755. Eleanor SMITH 60048. Sir Anthony St LEGER 111 60049. Agnes WARHAM 112 60050. George NEVILLE 60051. Lady Mary STAFFORD 60052. Sir Reginald SCOTT 115 60053. Emiline KEMP 115 60054. Sir John BAKER 115 60055. Elizabeth DINLEY 115 60056. John HAYWARD 60060. John SMYTHE 60061. Joan BROUNCKER 60062. Andrew JUDDE 60057. Agnes GLOVER 60096. John HANSON 60097. Agnes SAVILE 60098. John GLEDHILL 60099->66303. unknown
17TH GENERATION
66304->66559. unknown 106112. Robert OGDEN 106113. Joan 106114. Johannes de HOOGAN 119504. William JESSOP 119505. Emotte CHARLESWORTH 119506. Robert SWIFT 119508. Thomas WHITE 119510. William SMITH 119511. Katherine PORTER 120096. Ralph St LEGER 120097. Anne HART 120098. Heughe WARHAM 112 120099. Mary Ann COLLES 120100. George NEVILLE 120101. Margaret FENNE 120102. Edward STAFFORD 120103. Eleanor PERCY 120104. Sir John SCOTT 115 120105. Anne (Amy) PYMPE 115 120106. Sir William KEMP 111 115 120107. Elynor BROWNE 111 115 120108. Richard BAKER 120109. Elizabeth DYNELEY 120110. Thomas DINLEY 115 120112. William HAYWARD 120113. Agnes BALLY 120122. Robert BROUNCKER 120192. John HANSON 120193. Catherine BROOKE 120194. John SAVILE Esq. 120195. Margery GLEDHILL 120196->132607. unknown
18TH GENERATION
132608->132608. unknown 239020. Thomas SMITH 239021. Margaret CLARKE 239022. Augustine PORTER 240192. Ralph ST LEGER 240193. Anne PROPHET 240194. Sir Edward HART 240196. Robert WARHAM 240197. Elizabeth ____ 240198. Geoffrey COLLES 240200->240207. Royal Lineage 107 240208. Sir William SCOTT 115 240209. Sybil LEWKNOR 115 240210. Reginald DE PYMPE 115 240211. Elizabeth PASHLEY 115 240212. Sir Thomas KEMP 111 115 240213. Emelyn CHICHE 111 115 240214. Robert BROWNE 111 240215. Mary MALLETT 115 240218. Thomas DYNELEY 240224. William HAYWARD 240225. Elizabeth BROCKTON 240226. William BALLY 240384. John HANSON 240385. Cicely RAVENSHAW 240386. John BROOKE 240390. John GLEDHILL 240391->265215. unknown
19TH GENERATION
265216->266241. unknown 480384. Ralph ST LEGER 480385. Margaret TYRREL 480400->480415. Royal Lineage 107 480416. Sir John SCOTT 480417. Agnes BEAUFITZ 480418. John LEWKNOR 115 480420. Sir William DE PYMPE 115 480421. Elizabeth WHETEHILL 480422. Sir John PASHELY 115 480423. Lowys GOWER 115 480424. Thomas KEMP 111 480425. Beathris LEUKENER 111 480426. Sir Valentine CHICHE 480427. Philippa CHICHELEY 480428. Sir Thomas BROWNE 111 115 480429. Alianor DE ARUNDEL 115 480430. William MALLETT 115 480448. William HAYWARD 480449. Jane WILCOCKES 480450. William BROCKTON 480768. John HANSON 480769. Cicely DE WINDEBANKE 480770. John RAVENSHAW 480826. Vincent CHICHELE 115 480827->530431. unknown
20TH GENERATION
530432->960767. unknown 960768. John ST LEGER 960769. Margery DONNETT 960824->960829. Royal Lineage 107 960830. Sir Walter D'EVEREAUX 107 960831. Elizabeth MERBURY 107 960832. William SCOTT 960833. Isabella HERBERT 960834. William DE BEAUFITZ 960842. Sir Richard WHETEHILL 960844. Sir John PASHLEY 115 960845. Elizabeth WYDVILLE 115 960846. Sir Thomas GOWER 115 960848. Sir John KEMP 111 960850. Sir Thomas LEUKENER 111 960851. ____ HOO 111 960854. Robert CHICHELEY 960858. Sir Thomas DE ARUNDEL 115 960859. Joan MOYNE 115 960896. John HAYWARD 960897. Margery WEVER 961536. John HANSON 961537. Alice WOODHOUSE 961538->1060863. unknown
21TH GENERATION
1060864->1921537. unknown 1921538. James DONNETT 1921648->1921661. Royal Lineage 107 1921662. John MERBURY 107 1921666. Vincent HERBERT 115 1921688. Sir Robert PASHELY 115 1921689. Philippa CERGEAUX 115 1921690. Sir Richard WYDVILLE 115 1921691. Elizabeth LYONS 1921696. Raulf KEMP 111 1921702. Sir Thomas HOO 111 1921716. John DE ARUNDEL 1921717. Elizabeth DESPENSER 115 107 1921792. James HAYWARD 1923072. Henry DE RASTRICK 1923074. Henry DE WOODHOUSE 1923075->2121727. unknown
22ND GENERATION
2121728->3843075. unknown 3843076->3843327. Royal Lineage 107 3843328->3843375. unknown 3813382. Sir Thomas TUNSTALL 3843376. Robert PASHLEY 115 3843377. Anne HOWARD 115 3843378. Sir Richard CERGEAUX 115 3843379. Philippa FITZALAN 115 3843382. Sir John LYONS 3843432. John FITZALAN 3843433. Alianor MALTRAVERS 107 115 3843436->3846143. unknown 3846144. John DE RASTRICK 3846148. Alexander DE WOODHOUSE 3846149. Beatrice TOOTHILL 3846150->4243455. unknown
23RD GENERATION
4243456->7686151. unknown 7686152->7686655. Royal Lineage 107 7637760. Sir William PARR 7637761. Elizabeth de ROS 7686754. John HOWARD 115 7686756. Richard CERGEAUX 115 7686757. Margaret SENESCHAL 115 7686758. Edmund FITZALAN 115 7686759. Sibyl DE MONTEGU 115 7686864->7686865. Royal Lineage 107 7686866. Sir John MALTAVERS 107 7386867->8486910. unknown


 
PRINT
[Home] This Page is http://ancestraldata.com/ahnentafel/319/nummy_snowflower.html

King Nummy and Princess Snowflower

It has long been said that Prudence Eldredge, who died in 1778, was the sister of the Algonquian tribal cheif, King Nummy. The facts, however, do not support the legend. (See also the DNA evidence.)

The legend is related, at least in part, in "Historic South Jersey Towns" by William McMahon (1964). The following is as transcribed by "Lois" at http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/NJCAPEMA/1998-12/0913821400.

The Last Chief

Magnolia Lake was one of the favorite camping places of the Indians of Southern New Jersey in their annual trek to the shore once the snows of the forest had melted. They came from many sections through Tuckahoe, Belleplain, Dennisville, and Rio Grande, walking in their usual single file carrying what belongings they needed in skin wrappings on two slender poles. Last of the great chiefs was King Nummy who led his people on many such journeys until the coming of the white man with his shipbuilding and desire for progress. The Indians found their favorite seashore spots no longer available and at a tribal meeting held at Gravelly Run, now known as Burleigh, they decided to depart for other places. King Nummy had a sister "Snow Flower" who came under the influence of a white missionary finally marrying him. Although facts at this point are few it seems that after several children "Snow Flower" died and King Nummy remained behind in Cape May County to care for the motherless tots.

King Nummy was buried at Nummy Town, where there were several other Indian mounds, marked with stones. The stones have long since disappeared but many descendants of the Chief and his daughter are still to be found in the Cape.

This does not sound like a story that would have occurred in New Jersey as late as the mid-18th century. And there is no evidence that Benajah was a "white missionary." Indeed, I find the following from Cape May Spray, by Charles Tomlin, 1913. Beginning at page 41...

(http://books.google.com/books?id=OYw-AAAAYAAJ)

At Rio Grande, a village about seven miles north of Cape May city, through which passes two main and two branch railroads, the New State Boulevard, and from which runs a fine driveway to Holly Beach, may be seen the remains of th^ old sorsrhum sugar mill. Then about a half mile to the northwest on the farm of John Cresse, where an overhead irrigating plant has lately been installed, may be seen a grove, mostly of hickory, in which, and in the adjoining fields lie buried in this old Nummy burying ground, hundreds of Indians. Probably as many as 300 natural stones that likely had been brought from Pennsylvania marked these resting places fifty years ago but now very few remain. These stones have been appropriated to various purposes. One man took quite a number to use as ballast for his boat. The chief Indian of these parts was Nummy. His grave is in this grove. A portion of this locality is to this day known as Nummytown, though some of it has of late acquired the name of Green Splinter. Henry Davis formerly owned this farm. History speaks of one Nummy selling a whale to one Evan Davis who owned a plantation about 1685. Perhaps this present farm is a part of that plantation and that it had come down to Henry Davis from this ancestor Evan. History also says that Nummy was the last king or chief of the Lenni Lenapes, and that after he was buried on Nummy Island near Hereford Inlet these Indians left for Indiana and settled on the banks of the Wabash river and never returned to Cape May. This place is so surrounded by swamps, ponds and creeks that the Indians likely considered it an island, and if this message was carried back here from Indiana it is easy to see that to Indians living in Indiana it would be near Hereford. The writer does not believe that Nummy was buried on the Nummy island that is near Hereford inlet close to the Atlantic ocean. Do not think the Indi- ans would bury in a mud island. I am later informed that Nummy island was once covered with large hard yellow pine and this island was the Indians summer home, but Nummytown their winter quarters. Papers found of late prove that Nummy island b}- Hereford Inlet was left by Parsons Leaming to his daughter Mary, later Mrs. Robert M. Holmes.

On the eastern side of this village at the home of Ephraim Hildreth III, may be seen a large boiler about four feet across and eighteen inches deep in which our forefathers in 1812 boiled salt water producing salt for home uses. Later when quantities of sugar cane was raised hereabouts said boiler was used for boiling its juice to produce molasses. This was years before the sorghum plantation and factory was thought of. Near by on the farm of County Clerk A. Carlton Hildreth, is another boiler of the same kind having been used for the same purposes. Here, too, may be seen some parts of the old cane crushing mill and on an elevation in the meadow near the sound is A. Carlton Hildreth's club house, which is built on the spot where salt was manufactured and is known as Salt Works hill.

Then on the farm lately purchased by Jos. P. McKissic and known as the "Richardson" farm and lying between these two Hildreth's farms down near the meadows in its farthest eastern field, is the remains of an old embankment – some say thrown up during the Revolutionary war – others say during the war of 1812. used as a means of defense against the British. One end of said bank has been plowed and leveled but the north end is now (1913) about four feet wide and from two to three feet high. The bank runs in the direction of the remains of an old fort's foundation on the land of Ephraim Hildreth. Likely used as a protection against pirates, privateers and British. Not far from here is Snake creek rising to the south and making near the mainland a short abrupt turn eastward to the ocean. This is the creek the British are said to have come up in their small boats on their raids and here if anywhere occurred a skirmish where the Americans resisted attempts to steal their cattle. For many years and until only a few vears ago stood a flourishing flour and grain mill at this Snake creek bend. Since the above was prepared the following article, written by Samuel Springer, who died in 1877 and was a drummer boy in the war of 1812, also sheriff of Cape May County about 1840, was handed to me July 9, 1913.

NUMMIE TOWN AND NUMMIE'S ISLAND.

About seven miles above Cape Island is a place called Nummie Town, situated on the head of Fishing creek midway between Delaware bay and the Atlantic ocean. It takes its name from once being the residence of an Indian chief named Nummie. At this place he had his principal headquarters. King Nummie appears to have understood that the seashore and sea bathing were conducive to health as well as pleasure, and there is no doubt but that he often visited Cape Island to enjoy these luxuries. But his principal place of resort appears to have been an island on the seashore opposite Hereford Inlet. This island named in honor of this Indian chief, was once, no doubt, quite a large place. Those who remember it about the time of the Revolution say there were many acres covered with a heavy growth of red cedar and what is generally called the Indian pine. At that time and indeed long since, it had a fine beach and as it was open to the sea it must have been a delightful summer retreat. King Nummie lived at the time of the settlement of lower Jersey by the Europeans and made this island his principal resort for enjoying the luxuries of the seashore and that he fared sumptously was plain to be seen from the large piles of oyster and clam shells left upon the island.

It was also famous for birds, terripins, etc., and in ]\Iay and June the whole island was almost literally covered with birds eggs. There are those now living who have collected a barrel full in a single day. In 1820 a man could collect half a bushel of terripin eggs, and if a laying day, could pick up as many terripins as he could carry. So you see King Nummie must have enjoyed all the luxuries of life, by only reaching out his hand and gathering what came to his tent door. King Nummie was no doubt a friendly Indian, as we have no account of any of those barbarous acts being committed by him which were so common among the Indian at the time of the settlement of the country by the whites. In the year 1692 there were Indians in this county as appears from the records of the first courts. In the second suit on record George Taylor accuseth John Jarvis for helping the Indians to rum. Said Jarvis refusing to clear himself was convicted.

But 165 years have made sad havoc with King Nummie's Island. The high land like all the beaches on the sea coast, was composed of fine sand and Hereford Inlet having broken out directly in front of it laid it open to the surges of the Atlantic, and it has yielded to its constant washing until there is nothing left of that once beautiful island save a few scrub bushes and that part of it composed of meadow which is famous for birds eggs to this day. I have collected all the timber in the neighborhood which came from Nummie's Island which I intend working into canes and presenting to the fair to be held at the island to aid the Baptist Church in that place in paying the debt against the church. The punshan (puncheon) of one of those canes will be a relict of by-gone days part of a tree under which King Nummie sat in all his native freedom, surrounded with his tribe and enjoying all the luxuries of the seashore which are so highly prized by us of the present day.

Nummy Town was settled by the whites, but like all other inland places, it has never made much progress, the inhabitants preferring either the bay or the seashore. There is a tradition that Whitefield preached under a big tree at Nummie Town during his sojourn in New Jersey.

The following is found at http://www.njhm.com/kingnummy.htm:

King Nummy is the namesake of "Nummytown" which is located in Cape May County in today's Middle Township (about 6 miles west of Wildwood). He was the last chief of the Unalachtigo Tribe of Native Americans, a branch of the Leni Lenapes. The chief sold a 16-mile stretch of land along Cape May on the Delaware Bay to Governor Van Twiller of New Amsterdam in 1630. Although the sale called for no settlements in the land, the Dutch quickly violated that provision, and brought settlers in. Nummy moved to "Nummy Island" at the mouth of Hereford Inlet near North Wildwood. The museum at Cape May Court House used to have many Native American artifacts and implements recovered at the Island on display (though I am not sure they still do).

Here's another version, taken from http://www.shorenewstoday.com/snt/news/index.php/wildwood-mainmenu/in-another-time/18171-in-another-time-g-indian-connections-ancient-and-modern-to-the-wildwoods.html.

In Another Time > Indian connections, ancient and modern, to the Wildwoods
Wednesday, 09 November 2011 14:56
Jacob Schaad Jr.

The Indians who came to the Wildwoods brought with them colorful names and stories, some of which were historical, some legendary and others a combination of the above.

Among those whose names appear in local history are King Nummy, his sister, Snow Flower, Chief Two Moons, Larry Snake, and Lone Bear.

The most famous, at least in Cape May County, was King Nummy after whom the King Nummy Trail Campground in Middle Township is named, along with Nummy Island in Hereford Inlet. He reportedly sold some land to the Dutch governor of New Amsterdam at a bargain price to his own regret and the rest of his tribe.

Documenting authentically the early history of the Indians in Wildwood and its environment is not always an easy achievement, if one at all, mainly because few records were kept then. There were no New York Times or Philadelphia Inquirer and certainly no Internet to record what King Nummy was up to in the mid 1600s, more than a century before the colonies became the United States and the British induced some Indians to take on the Americans in the War of 1812 that also was to become the war of 1813 and 1814.

There is mentioned, though, in a history researched by local historian Robert J. Scully that in 1648 a tribe called the Kechemeches existed in the Town Bank section of Lower Township. They were part of Algonquin Tribe which locally was the Lenni-Lenapes, usually identified as that in future references in the Wildwoods, and also known as the Delawares.

The king gets early mention in 1686, on July 4, long before the Fourth of July of a future year was to become the nation's most historic date. At a time when the whalers were the movers and shakers in government and in whaling business, a court witness testified he was told by someone that he had bought a whale from an Indian named Nummy and that it took place close to the Indian village of Nummy-town, later to be called Green Splinter and then by its present name of Rio Grande. Also, according to writer Charles Tomtin, nearby on the farm of John Creese and adjoining ground there is an Old Nummy burial ground where hundreds of Indians were buried. In 1863 some 300 stones, believed to be brought from Pennsylvania, were placed in the cemetery as marking stone, but many were stolen in 1913 for use for various purposes including as ballast for one man's boat.

By 1685 King Nummy was reigning supreme, but his territory was getting plenty of company as Europeans moved in and started to build farms and seek the animals from the land for it.

The Leni-Lenape took a non-violent approach. They held a tribal meeting at Gravelly Run, later to be named Burleigh, and decided to give up without a fight. They left for other places in Wisconsin, Indiana and New York State.

Except for King Nummy. He stayed behind to take care of his dying sister, Princess Snow Flower, and later her motherless children. Snow Flower, once the wife of a missionary, died just before the tribal meeting and Nummy, then an old man and the last chief of the tribe, opted to spend the rest of his life in the Wildwoods area.

Where he was buried has been a question of local lore for some years. One story contends his body was buried on what has been referred to as Nummy's Island, a territory that one travels through after paying a toll from North Wildwood to Stone Harbor. In a book, "Romance of Old Cape May," a woman who claimed to be his relative, cited the island as his resting place. But others argue that he is buried in Nummy-town, the one time village in the Rio Grande section of Middle Township.

Meanwhile, Lewis Stevens, the same county historian who had placed Abe Lincoln in Cape May on July 31, 1848 when other historians claimed he was attending legal business in Illinois, reported that Nummy was buried on the island after the whites began occupying the territory the Indians claimed. Stevens painted a picture of a few mourning Indians beating tom toms for several nights beside the gravesite of their one time king.

The island also brings with it an interesting myth. During that later period of Prohibition when rum runners were smuggling illegal liquor into Cape May County and especially Wildwood, there were rumors that the ghost King Nummy was floating about the island at night. The Coast Guard later was to find a phosphorous coated bed sheet in an abandoned shack which they believed was invented as a ghost by the rum runners to scare away anybody trying to get into their act.

It has been reported that the Lenni Lenape Indians were the first to come to the island of the Wildwoods, but there has been debate as to whether they were year round residents or summer visitors, like the tourists who followed. There is general agreement that they fished and swam and hunted there during the better weather but detractors contend they could not have been permanent residents because of the lack of fresh water and other survival requirements.

The story tends to gain more credence with discoveries made by current Freeholder and former Wildwood Mayor Ralph Sheets. He is said to have found a tomahawk on the Wildwood beach and a pestle stone used for grounding or pounding substances in a mortar on his farm in Green Creek, an area frequented by Indians generations ago.

Centuries after King Nummy died, the Indians' presence in the Wildwoods was felt again in the 1990s, when a movement began to bring a casino to Wildwood. Among the catalysts were appropriately named Wildwood Mayor Fred Wager, local activist Bill Gannon, owner of the Premier Hotel, and a man named Larry Snake, who was chief of the Delaware tribe of the Western Oklahoma Indians.

The idea was for the city to sell a 2.2 acre parking lot to the Delaware tribe for $1 and the Indians then would start there a casino that would boost the sagging economy of Wildwood. Why not? residents asked. The history of the Wildwoods, especially during the Roaring Twenties, shows a consistent pattern of illegal gambling. Let's cut out the subterfuge and make it allowable.

Many agreed with that, so much that 70 percent of the voters passed a municipal referendum on the subject. The city seemed to be on its way to a big metamorphosis, everybody thought.

Well, everybody but the state of New Jersey, which didn't like the idea of little old Wildwood competing with big old Atlantic City in the world of gambling. So it started legal action against the city to block Wildwood, claiming only the state's legislators could approve the transfer. The state's attorney general, Peter Verniero, said he was sympathetic to Wildwood's economic needs, but he was committed to the higher duty of the law.

More lawyers got into the act, this time in the higher United States District Court.

There was a claim that the 1832 purchase of the tribe's land for $2,000 by New Jersey was illegal and the deal should be voided because it violates a 1790 federal law that required the approval of Congress for any land transfer from an Indian tribe. Now, more than a century later, the tribe wanted the Wildwood land back as compensation for the 1832 transaction.

To confuse matters after the referendum passed big-time, officials and Chief Snake were challenged to prove that the land designated for the casino was, in fact, Indian land at one time. Some experts said it was, others said it was not.

By this time Snake, apparently impatient with the behind the scenes activity, ended his talks with local officials and left the scene.

KEEPFREE


All original portions © 1994-2018 Michael Cooley, OrbitInternet.net - Copyright Notice /HTTP Validation